|This article needs additional citations for verification. (October 2013)|
Aerial view of Bacoor with SM City Bacoor in the foreground
|Nickname(s): Cavite's Gateway to the Metropolis|
Map of Cavite showing the location of Bacoor
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|Congr. districts||2nd District of Cavite (Lone District of Bacoor)|
|Incorporated||September 28, 1671|
|Cityhood||June 23, 2012|
|• Mayor||Strike B. Revilla (Lakas-Magdalo)|
|• Vice Mayor||Catherine S. Evaristo (Lakas-Magdalo)|
|• Total||46.17 km2 (17.83 sq mi)|
|Elevation||4 m (13 ft)|
|• Density||11,000/km2 (29,000/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
The City of Bacoor (Filipino: Lungsod ng Bacoor) is a first class urban component city in the province of Cavite, Philippines. It is a lone congressional district of Cavite. A sub-urban area, the city is located approximately 15 kilometers southwest of Manila, on the southeastern shore of Manila Bay, at the northwest portion of the province with an area of 52.4 square kilometers. According to the 2010 census of population, Bacoor has a population of 520,216 people, making it the second most populous community in the province after Dasmariñas City.
- 1 Geography
- 2 History
- 3 Demographics
- 4 Local government
- 5 Economy
- 6 Education
- 7 Religion
- 8 Images
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Bacoor is strategically located at the gateway to Metro Manila. It is bordered to the east by Las Piñas City and Muntinlupa City, to the south by Dasmariñas City, to the west by Kawit and Imus, and to the north by Bacoor Bay an inlet of Manila Bay. Bacoor's is separated from Las Piñas by the Zapote River and from Imus and Kawit by Bacoor River.
The city is linked to Metro Manila by the Manila-Cavite Expressway, which passes through Bacoor. Because of its location, the city has become one of the fastest growing municipalities in Cavite, in terms of population and income, together with Imus and Dasmariñas. Many real estate corporations have purchased agricultural lands in the city and turned them into subdivisions and other suburban residential communities. During weekdays many residents leave the city to go their places of work in the metropolitan areas such as Manila and Makati cities.
Most of the city is composed of flat, formerly agricultural lands, with some areas such as the coastal barangays of Zapote, Talaba, Niog, and Panapaan lying below sea level. Some barangays such as Molino and Queens Row are situated on the hills that form valleys along the upstream portion of Zapote River.
Bacoor West (District 1)
- Aniban 1
- Aniban 2
- Aniban 3
- Aniban 4
- Aniban 5
- Daang - Bukid
- Habay 1
- Habay 2
- Ligas 1
- Ligas 2
- Ligas 3
- Mabolo 1
- Mabolo 2
- Mabolo 3
- Maliksi 1
- Maliksi 2
- Maliksi 3
- Niog 1
- Niog 2
- Niog 3
- Panapaan 1
- Panapaan 2
- Panapaan 3
- Panapaan 4
- Panapaan 5
- Panapaan 6
- Panapaan 7
- Panapaan 8
- Real 1
- Real 2
- Salinas 1
- Salinas 2
- Salinas 3
- Salinas 4
- San Nicolas 1
- San Nicolas 2
- San Nicolas 3
- Tabing-Dagat (Poblacion/City Proper)
- Talaba 1
- Talaba 2
- Talaba 3
- Talaba 4
- Talaba 5
- Talaba 6
- Talaba 7
- Zapote 1
- Zapote 2
- Zapote 3
- Zapote 4
- Zapote 5 (Longos)
Bacoor East (District 2)
- Mambog 1
- Mambog 2
- Mambog 3
- Mambog 4
- Mambog 5
- Molino 1
- Molino 2
- Molino 3
- Molino 4
- Molino 5
- Molino 6
- Molino 7
- Queens Row Central
- Queens Row East
- Queens Row West
Under the Köppen climate classification system, Bacoor features a tropical savanna climate that borders on a tropical monsoon climate (Köppen climate classification Aw/Am). Together with the rest of the Philippines, Bacoor lies entirely within the tropics. Its proximity to the equator means that the temperature range is very small, rarely going lower than 20 °C (68 °F) and going higher than 38 °C (100 °F) . However, humidity levels are usually very high which makes it feel much warmer. It has a distinct dry season from late December through April, and a relatively lengthy wet season that covers the remaining period. Southwest monsoon or Habagat can occur from June to September and can cause flooding in parts of the city.
|Climate data for Bacoor, Cavite|
|Average high °C (°F)||30
|Average low °C (°F)||24
|Precipitation mm (inches)||32.9
|Avg. rainy days||6||6||4||4||12||18||21||23||21||17||14||10||156|
|Source: World Weather Online|
Some accounts indicate that the city of Bacoor, also named Bakood or Bakoor (named after "Fence" made of bamboo, Fence in Pilipino is "Bakod"), was founded in 1671. When Spanish troops arrived in "Bacoor", they met some local inhabitants in the process of building a fence around their house. The Spaniards ask the men what the name of the city was, but because of the difficulties in understanding each other, the local inhabitants thought that the Spaniards were asking what they were building. The men answered "Bakood". It was then pronounced in Spanish as "Bacoor" by the soldiers and was soon officially called "Bacoor".
In the aftermath of the Philippine Revolution which coincided with the declaration of the first Philippine independence on June 12, 1898, Bacoor was designated as the first capital of the Philippine Revolutionary government by Gen. Emilio Aguinaldo until it was transferred to Malolos, Bulacan. "Gargano" was then the revolutionary name assigned to Bacoor by Aguinaldo's revolutionaries.
During World War II, occupation troops from the Japanese Imperial armed forces entered the towns in Bacoor in 1942 during the Japanese invasion. From 1942 to 1945, numerous Caviteño men and women joined the strong group of the recognized guerrillas under the Cavite Guerrilla Unit (CGU) and the Filipino-American Cavite Guerrilla Forces (FACGF) led by Colonel Mariano Castañeda and Colonel Francisco Guerero of the 2nd Infantry Regiment, FAGCF in the towns of Bacoor and arrival by the local Filipino soldiers under the ongoing 41st and the pre-war 4th and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army during the Japanese Occupation.
From January to August 1945 during the Allied Liberation, Filipino soldiers of the 4th, 41st and 42nd Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary including the Caviteño guerrilla fighters of the Cavite Guerrilla Unit (CGU) and the 2nd Infantry Regiment of the Filipino-American Cavite Guerrilla Forces (FACGF) liberated and recaptured the towns in Bacoor and defeated the Japanese Imperial forces towards the end of World War II.
Push for Cityhood
As the population of nearby Metro Manila grew during the 70s and the 80s, thousands of Filipinos working in the region began migrating to Cavite in search of low-cost housing that is within the metropolis' reach. Soon, real estate companies began to build various subdivisions and other residential communities to cater to this demand. By the early 1990s, light manufacturing industries and service-oriented businesses also flourished in the city, providing its citizens with much needed jobs, and the city, of additional tax revenue.
From 1995 to 2012, with Bacoor becoming one of the fastest growing municipalities in the province in terms of population, numerous attempts were made to turn Bacoor into a full-pledged component city of Cavite. During the 10th Congress (1995-1998), Congressman Renato P. Dragon filed House Bills 8959, 8960, and 8931 respectively, requesting the House of Representatives to convert Bacoor, as well as neighboring Imus and Dasmariñas into cities. However, these bills were indefinitely shelved by Congress.
During the 13th Congress from 2004 to 2007, then Mayor Jessie B. Castillo, aggressively pushed for the conversion of Bacoor from a municipality into an independent component city. This meant the would-be city would no longer vote for provincial officials, would no longer depend on the province for budget, and may have a separate congressional district. However, Castillo's move met stiff opposition from people's organizations, homeowners' associations, and the people of Bacoor themselves. Rep. Joseph Emilio Abaya, representative of Cavite's first district where Bacoor is part of, also refused to sponsor the bill as he felt that Bacoor is not yet ready to handle the complex problems to be brought about by cityhood.
In the 14th Congress from 2007 to 2010, Rep. Joseph Emilio Abaya also filed separate bills on two occasions pushing for the cityhood of Bacoor—House Bill 6422 and House Bill 4254. Of the two, only House Bill 4254, which proposed the creation of a separate legislative district for Bacoor, was elevated to the Senate. It was sponsored by Senator Benigno S. Aquino III and co-sponsored by Senators Francis Escudero, Panfilo Lacson, Richard Gordon, and Ramon "Bong" Revilla, Jr. On October 22, 2009, HB 4254 was approved by President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo as Republic Act 9727. Under this new law, Bacoor was reapportioned as the Second District of Cavite, also known as the Lone District of Bacoor. On May 10, 2010, Lani Mercado-Revilla, wife of Senator Ramon "Bong" Revilla, Jr. was elected representative of Bacoor in the House of Representatives, cementing the first major step towards Bacoor's push for cityhood.
Incorporation as City
Despite being granted its own legislative district in 2009, the local government of Bacoor headed by Mayor Strike Revilla still wanted the municipality to become a full-fledged component city of Cavite. With backing from barangay officials and people's organizations, Revilla revived the cityhood bid and launched a massive information dissemination campaign around the town with various materials sprouted proclaiming "Yes to Bacoor Cityhood! Now na!"
Coincidentally, newly elected Congresswoman Lani Mercado filed HB 0521 that created the City of Bacoor. It was filed on July 1, 2010 and is enacted into law as Republic Act No. 10160. It was ratified by the registered voters of Bacoor through a plebiscite conducted on June 23, 2012, wherein about 40,080 voters who cast the plebiscite ballot in the town’s 792 polling precincts. The "Yes" votes won overwhelmingly with 36,226 votes while the "No" votes got 3,854.
With the incorporation of Bacoor as a city, it was divided into two legislative districts, Bacoor West and Bacoor East. In the upcoming May 13, 2013 elections, the citizens of Bacoor will be voting for six councilors from their respective districts to form the 12-person city council, instead of the usual six for the entire city.
|Mayors of Bacoor, Cavite|
|Luis Landas, 1908-1909|
|Gregorio De Guia, 1912-1915|
|Hilarion Guzman, 1916-1919|
|Simon Reyes, 1919-1922|
|Francisco Gaudier, 1925-1928|
|Marcelo Miranda, 1925-1930|
|Eduardo Ocampo, 1931-1934|
|Marcelo Miranda, 1942-1945|
|Dr. Generoso Sarino, 1946-1947|
|Arsenio Castillo, 1948-1954|
|Benigno Guinto, 1954-1960, 1963-1967|
|Pablo G. Sarino, 1960-1963, 1967-1986|
|Angelito Miranda, 1988, assassinated a few days later|
|Buencamino Cruz, 1988-1992|
|Victor I. Miranda, 1992-1996|
|Jose Ignacio Francisco, 1996-1998|
|Jessie B. Castillo, 1998-2007|
|Strike B. Revilla, 2007–present|
|Population census of Bacoor|
The following are the elected officials of the City of Bacoor for the term 2010-2013:
|Representatives||Lani Mercado-Revilla (Lakas)|
|Mayor||Strike B. Revilla (Lakas)|
|Vice Mayor||Katherine S. Evaristo (Lakas)|
|Councilors||Avelino B. Solis||Reynaldo C. Palabarica|
|Edwin G. Gawaran||Hernando "King" C. Gutierrez|
|Miguel N. Bautista||Gaudencio P. Nolasco|
|Rowena M. Bautista-Mendiola||Bayani M. De Leon|
|Reynaldo M. Fabian||Leandro A. De Leon|
|Venus G. De Castro||Roberto R. Javier|
|ABC President||Victorio Guerrero, Jr.|
Bacoor has developed into a site of commerce. Trade, banking and service sectors are Bacoor's primary income earners. Commercial activities are sporadic throughout the city ranging from wholesale to retail establishments, restaurants and eateries, hardware and construction supplies and other service-related industries, especially those located in SM City Bacoor where it serves as the city's main income earner. The mostly residential area of Molino is also home to SM Center Molino at the corner of Molino Road and Daang Hari. The entrance area from the Coastal Road to Aguinaldo Highway in Talaba and the area surrounding the Zapote Public Market (now the Bacoor Public Market) are other commercial centers. Bacoor has branches of 11 different commercial banks all over the city.
Land use developments in Bacoor include a proposed industrial village in Barangay Niog which will include light cottage industries with supporting residential and commercial facilities. A vast track of land in Molino area, on the other hand, is envisioned to host residential, institutional and commercial facilities. Dubbed as the New Bacoor, the land use plan in Molino seeks to utilize the area not only as a dormitory for individuals who work in Metro Manila but also for people who have migrated to Bacoor in search of economic advancement. The proposed urban waterfront development, which will cover a portion of the reclaimed area of Manila Bay, will be the front door of the city linking Bacoor to Boulevard 2000. The area will include an integrated mix of residential, business, commercical, tourism and recreational facilities. The proposed expansion of the LRT (Light Rail Transit) to terminate in Bacoor, designed to ease the flow of traffic in major thoroughfares, is another major development.
Bacoor is currently experiencing a rapid shift from an agriculture-based economy to a residential/commercial urban center. Crops, the productive area of which has lessened to only 100 hectares while fishponds which likewise decreased to almost half of the original 760 hectares. Salt production, fishing, oyster and mussel culture, which are now being threatened to near extinction because of pollution and overpopulation, are the other sources of income of the residents. These industries are also threatened by the construction of the Cavite Coastal Road Extension which will directly affect the Bacoor shoreline. The construction is as yet unfinished, thus affecting traffic flow in and out of Bacoor and the whole province of Cavite. Very heavy traffic congestion is experienced by motorists due to unjustified traffic schemes, and poor and slow road maintenance especially during rush hours when most motorists travel in and out of the province to work in the nearby cities of Metro Manila.
The following are some of the educational institutions within the city:
- Aniban Elementary School
- Bacoor Elementary School
- Bayanan Elementary School
- Digman Elementary School
- Dulong Bayan Elementary School
- Gawaran Elementary School
- Gov. P.F. Espiritu Elementary School
- Habay Elementary School
- Ligas Elementary School
- Ligas II Elementary School
- Likha Elementary School
- Longos Elementary School
- Mabolo Elementary School
- Maliksi Elementary School
- Malipay Elementary School
- Mambog Elementary School
- Molino Elementary School
- Niog Elementary School
- Progressive Elementary School
- Poblacion Elementary School
- Real Elementary School
- Salinas Elementary School
- San Nicolas Elementary School
- Sineguelasan Elementary School
- Soldiers Hills Elementary School
- Talaba Elementary School
- Zapote Elementary School
- Bacoor National High School - Main
- Bacoor National High School - Annex
- Bacoor National High School - Villa Maria Annex
- Bacoor National High School - Gawaran Annex
- Eastern Bacoor National High School
- Cavite State University- Bacoor Campus
- Academia de Julia Victoria of Cavite
- AMA Computer Learning Center
- Bacoor Sheperd School
- Bacoor Parish School
- Bacoor Evangelical School
- Bacoor Parochial School of St. Michael the Archangel Inc.
- Bearer of Light and Wisdom Colleges
- Benedictine School of Cavite
- Blessed Virgin Learning Center
- Bristle Oak Academe
- Casa De San Miguel Montessori School
- Cavite Christian School
- Cavite School of Life - Main Campus
- Cavite School Of St. Mark
- Child Development and Guidance Center
- Crest View Academy of Cavite
- Christian Values School
- Crossroads Christian Academy
- Diamond Academy
- Divine Light Academy
- Divine Jesus Learning Center, Inc.
- Erica Learning Center
- Green Valley Academy
- Graceland Academy
- Harrell Horne Integrated School
- Higher Ground Academy
- Immaculat of emmanuel school
- Imus Computer College - Bacoor Branch
- INA Internet Learning Center
- International School of Hotel and Restaurant Management
- John Paul Montessori School
- Joseph Immanuel School
- Jubileum Academy of Bacoor
- King Solomon Integrated School Inc.
- King James Academy - Cavite, Inc.
- La Camelle School
- Little Angels Montessori School
- Little Angels Learning School
- Love Christian Academy
- Macasa Learning Center
- Marvelous Faith Academy
- Millennium Christian High School of Cavite
- Montessori dei San Lorenzo
- Mother Theresa School - Main
- Newville Heights Academy
- Peak Hills School
- Phoenix International School of Science and Technology
- Progressive Elementary School
- Quest Academy
- Rochepol Jane Academy
- Ruther E. Esconde Tutorial and Learning Center
- School of St. Mark
- Seven Seas Academy, Inc.
- Statefields School, Inc.
- STI College Bacoor
- St. Alphonsus Liguori Integrated School
- St. Clare de Molino Academy
- St. Dominic College of Asia
- St. Francis Institute, Learning and Business High School
- St. Francis of Assisi College - Bacoor
- St. Jerome Emiliani Institute
- St. John Fisher School
- St. Matthew Academy Of Cavite
- St. Michael's Institute
- St. Peregrine Institute
- St. Thomas More Academy
- St. Vincent de Paul College
- The Bearer of Light and Wisdom Colleges
- Theresian School of Cavite
- University of Perpetual Help System Dalta - Molino Campus
- Victorious Christian Montessori - Bacoor
- Woodridge College
- Young Shepherd's School
Roman Catholicism is the dominant religion in Bacoor, mainly due to the influx of immigrants from other places, most notably from Metro Manila.
The original inhabitants of Bacoor are mostly members of the Philippine Independent Church or "Aglipayan Church". The Aglipayan church has a long and colorful history in the city. It is one of the first Catholic congregations in the Philippines to join the new movement and then Catholic Priest Father Fortunato Clemena became the first Aglipayan Priest, as well as the first Aglipayan Bishop of Cavite, through the Aglipayan Schism period. Most of the first members were Katipuneros headed by General Mariano Noriel who is also the first president of the laymen organization. Today the Aglipayanos have a magnificent Cathedral in honor of its patron saint, St. Michael, in the center of city. The Aglipayans which they are most commonly called run the Bacoor Parish School.
A significant population of Muslims (mostly middle-class Maranao traders and stall owners) is located around Zapote and Molino where local mosques are located. A number of Protestant Christian denominations such as United Methodist Church, Jesus Is Lord Church, and Lighthouse Worship Center can also be found in the city.
- "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Province: CAVITE". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 29 October 2013.
- "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010". 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 24 October 2013.
- "Bacoor Average Temperatures and Rainfall". World Weather Online. Retrieved April 1, 2013.
- The Philippine Index, Millennium Edition Vol. 1 No. 1. Retrieved on April 1, 2013
- The Battle of Zapote Bridge. Crisanto, Joyce M. & Chit dela Torre. Las Piñas: A City with Heritage. Las Piñas City, Philippines: Villar Foundation, 2006.
- House Bill 4254 An Act Reapportioning the Province of Cavite into Seven (7) Legislative Districts. Senate of the Philippines. Retrieved on April 1, 2013
- Bacoor Votes on Cityhood Today Manila Bulletin. June 22, 2012. Retrieved on April 1, 2013.
- Bacoor, Now a City after Plebescite GMA News Online. June 24, 2012. Retrieved on April 1, 2013.
|Wikivoyage has a travel guide for Bacoor.|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bacoor.|
- City of Bacoor
- Bacoor Information (as retrieved from Cavite.info)
- Official Website of the Provincial Government of Cavite
- Philippine Standard Geographic Code
- Philippine Census Information