Bad Boy Records
|Bad Boy Records|
|Parent company||Sony Music Entertainment|
|Founded||1993; 23 years ago|
|Country of origin||United States|
|Location||New York City, New York|
Bad Boy Entertainment (also known as Bad Boy Records) is an American record label founded in 1993 by Sean Combs. Today, it operates as an imprint of Epic Records, a division of Sony Music Entertainment.
After his climb from a non-paying internship to becoming an A&R executive at Uptown Records, Sean "Puff Daddy" Combs was fired in 1993 by Andre Harrell. Combs soon founded Bad Boy Records in 1993. The label’s first release was "Flava In Ya Ear" by Craig Mack, followed quickly by Mack's debut album, Project: Funk Da World in 1994. On the heels of these releases came "Juicy" and Ready to Die, the lead single and debut album from The Notorious B.I.G. (a.k.a. Biggie Smalls), released the same year. While Mack's album went gold, Ready to Die achieved multi-platinum success. Dominating the charts in 1995, B.I.G. became one of the genre’s biggest names of the day and Bad Boy’s premier star. Also in 1995, the label continued its success with platinum releases by Total and Faith Evans. Bad Boy, meanwhile, staffed a bevy of in-house writer/producers, including: Easy Mo Bee, Chucky Thompson and D Dot—all of whom were instrumental in producing many of Bad Boy’s most noted releases during this time.
Feud with Death Row Records
The rapid success of Notorious B.I.G., and Bad Boy as a company, raised some tensions, especially with the Los Angeles-based Death Row Records. For two years leading up to 1995, West Coast hip hop, dominated by Death Row, had been preeminent in mainstream rap music. Suge Knight, CEO of Death Row Records, held Combs responsible for the shooting death of his friend Jake Robles, allegedly at the hands of Combs' bodyguard. Tensions were heightened when Death Row signed superstar rapper 2Pac, who alleged that the Bad Boy circle, notably Notorious B.I.G. and Puff Daddy, had been complicit in the November 1994 shooting of him in the lobby of Quad Studios in Times Square.
After the June 1996 release of "Hit 'Em Up", smearing Bad Boy, tensions escalated. Tupac was shot in Las Vegas on September 7, 1996 soon after attending the Mike Tyson-Bruce Seldon boxing match at the MGM Grand Hotel and Casino. Tupac was pronounced dead on September 13. Bad Boy Records issued a statement of condolences. On March 9, 1997, while Bad Boy were preparing the release of Biggie's double album Life After Death, he was shot and killed in a car after leaving a party in Los Angeles. The deaths of Biggie and Tupac left many to speculate if the coastal hostility had been responsible for their murders. The police investigations were criticized by public and judicial sources. Both cases remain officially unsolved.
Life after The Notorious B.I.G. and rebuilding the label
Posthumously, Biggie’s Life After Death reached number one on the Billboard Top 200. Its first two singles, "Hypnotize" and "Mo Money, Mo Problems" also topped the singles charts. The album eventually sold over 10 million copies in the United States alone, and is one of the highest selling rap albums ever in the U.S..
In 1996, Puff Daddy had begun recording his own solo debut album. The first single, "Can't Nobody Hold Me Down," peaked at number one on the rap, R&B, and pop charts that spring. In response to Biggie’s death, the label rush-released a Puff Daddy tribute song, "I'll Be Missing You", which featured Biggie's widow, Faith Evans, and Bad Boy's R&B singing group 112. The single topped the charts for eleven weeks and became the hasty second single from Combs’ album, No Way Out, which was released in the summer and sold seven million copies. Mase, Combs’ newest protégé, in the meantime was immediately thrust into the void that Biggie left. His own debut album, Harlem World, also released the same year, would go 4x platinum. Due to the successive successes of Life After Death, No Way Out and Harlem World, by the end of 1997, Bad Boy as a label and brand name had hit a commercial peak. During this time, the label began to promote its latest signing—the Yonkers-based act, The L.O.X., who had been prominently featured on various Bad Boy releases that year. Though highly anticipated, their 1998 debut album, Money, Power & Respect sold below commercial expectation. Shortly thereafter, the group departed the label and entered into a long-standing publishing dispute with Combs that would continue up until 2005.
In 1998, Combs decided to expand Bad Boy's roster to genres other than hip-hop and R&B, and subsequently signed the power pop band Fuzzbubble to the label as its first rock act. The group appeared on the rock remix of Puff Daddy's "It's All About the Benjamins", but parted ways with the label before releasing a full-length album.
In the years to follow, Bad Boy saw a commercial decline. In 1999, Mase became religious and abruptly retired from the business, leaving a serious dent in the company, especially since his second album had just been released. Bad Boy found some success with Shyne, a young rapper from Brooklyn, who garnered generally mixed reviews for his deep voice and slow flow—which many considered to be too reminiscent to, and perhaps a rip-off of the Notorious B.I.G., meanwhile, Combs' later albums failed to generate the same kind of acclaim that his debut had. In an attempt to further market himself, he underwent several name changes; from "Puff Daddy" to "Puffy" to "P. Diddy," to simply just "Diddy" then shortly Diddy- Dirty Money." But with the split of the group he abruptly returned to "Diddy."
As the 2000s emerged, Bad Boy had noticeably floundered. Many of its more noted acts would eventually vacate the label, while those who remained saw their album sales dwindle as time went on. In spite of continually releasing new material, and various attempts at building artists to the status of Bad Boy’s deceased icon, few proved as successful as the company hoped.
Southern rap duo 8Ball & MJG released an album called Living Legends to some success in 2004, prompting the creation of Bad Boy South—which would eventually house acts such as Boyz N Da Hood and Yung Joc. In 2002, Combs’ participated in MTV's Making The Band 2, which spun off the Bad Boy assembled act, Da Band. In spite of their MTV exposure leading to a gold selling debut album, Combs later disbanded the group. At this time, the label also signed a rapper named Aasim, whose Bad Boy debut (as of 2013) still has not been released.
Bad Boy saw its fortunes improve in 2005, with the success of releases from new signees: Cassie and Yung Joc (both of whom would score top five singles/debut albums). Also in 2006, Bad Boy hit paydirt with Making The Band 3’s Danity Kane, whose debut album topped the charts at #1 (the label's first chart topping album since the Bad Boys II soundtrack three years prior), and spun off a top five single. Their second album, Welcome to the Dollhouse also debuted at #1, and contained the group's second top ten single "Damaged". Diddy also signed Day26 and Donnie Klang to the label.
However, by 2009, Combs had dissolved Danity Kane, terminating Aubrey O'Day's, D. Woods', Shannon Bex's and Aundrea Fimbres' contracts. Dawn Richard remained signed working as solo artist and songwriter for Bad Boy. In March 2009, it was reported that Richard and Combs were assembling a new girl group but later formed Diddy – Dirty Money, composed of Combs, Richard and a singer-songwriter named Kalenna Harper. In April 2009, Bad Boy also signed Red Cafe.
In September 2009, it was announced that Combs would be leaving Warner Music Group, inking a new deal with Universal Music Groups's Interscope Records. Under the terms of the new deal, Combs rebooted the Bad Boy Records name and trademark, to be operated through Interscope. The previous Bad Boy catalog and roster, however, remains under the control of Warner Music.
In 2010, Diddy offered Mase a one-year release from Bad Boy Records to settle their differences after the 2009 incident with Mase wanting to be released from Bad Boy. With this Mase decided to retire from rap for good, although he was to be reassigned to Bad Boy after his year break was done. In 2011, under his new deal with Interscope-Geffen-A&M, Diddy stated he was looking for new talent to add to his new Bad Boy roster. Jay Electronica, who had close ties with Diddy, was originally planned to be signed to the label but had signed with Jay-Z's Roc Nation imprint instead. Machine Gun Kelly announced that he signed to Bad Boy/Interscope on August 3, 2011. French Montana and Los also were announced as signees to the label in 2012.
On April 25, 2012, Mase featured alongside Diddy on Wale's "Slight Work" remix, marking the first appearance of the Harlem rapper on record since 2010. Rumors began to start that Mase, as well as singer Omarion, were both signing to Rick Ross' Maybach Music Group. It was later revealed that Bad Boy artist French Montana was the reason Mase was making his third comeback. According to Montana, Mase is serving as an A&R representative on Montana's forthcoming Bad Boy debut, "Excuse My French," as well as appearing on the remix of Montana's "Everything's a Go." "I'm not sure what kind of decisions he's going to make," Montana says, "[but] I would love to see him in my camp." Mase is currently resigned to Bad Boy Records but has yet to announce whether he is resigned as part of a joint venture deal between Bad Boy and MMG. He later announced he had gotten his release from Bad Boy. In April 2013, Cassie released her first full-length project seven years after her debut album, a mixtape titled RockaByeBaby, to positive reception. Rapper Los announced his departure from Bad Boy Records on March 19, 2014.
On October 5, 2015, Combs announced that Bad Boy Entertainment would be distributed by Epic Records. This will mark the second time that Epic president L.A. Reid oversaw distribution for Bad Boy, having previously overseen distribution for the label fifteen years earlier after being appointed president of Arista Records in 2000. Despite founding the label in 1993, Bad Boy began celebrating their 20th anniversary in 2015 with a 20-minute mega-medley performance at the BET Awards. It stretched into 2016, starting with the label's May reunion sold-out shows at the Barclays Center in Brooklyn, and originating the Bad Boy Family Reunion Tour, starting in North America in the last week of August 2016.
|Act||Year signed (as of 2016)||# Albums released under Bad Boy|
|Machine Gun Kelly||2011||2|
|Bow Wow||2015||– (Management deal)|
|Christian "King" Combs||2016|
- The Notorious B.I.G.
- Craig Mack
- Faith Evans
- Mario Winans
- The Lox
- Black Rob
- Megan Nicole
- Carl Thomas
- G. Dep
- Da Band
- 8Ball & MJG
- New Edition
- Boyz n da Hood
- Yung Joc
- Gorilla Zoe
- Danity Kane
- Donnie Klang
The Hitmen is the production team for Bad Boy Records. The collective consisted of several notable producers and musicians that either worked solo or alongside Combs in crafting songs for the artists on Bad Boy as well as outside the label.
- Puff Daddy
- Deric "D-Dot" Angelettie
- Ron "Amen Ra" Lawrence
- Chucky Thompson
- Richard "Younglord" Frierson
- Daven "Prestige" Vanderpool
- Mario Winans
- Carlos Broady
- Sean C & LV
- Stevie J
- Ryan Leslie
- Jeffrey "J-Dub" Walker
- Nashiem Myrick
- Andraeo "Fanatic" Heard
- Anthony Dent
- Jack Knight
- Antwan "Amadeus" Thompson
- Easy Mo Bee
- Rob Holladay
- Harve "Joe Hooker" Pierre
- EZ Elpee
- Eric "Coptic" Matlock
- Tony Dofat
|1994||The Notorious B.I.G. - Ready to Die|
|Craig Mack - Project: Funk Da World|
|1995||Faith Evans - Faith|
|1996||Total - Total
|112 - 112|
|1997||The Notorious B.I.G. - Life After Death|
|Puff Daddy & the Family - No Way Out|
|Mase - Harlem World|
|1998||The LOX - Money, Power & Respect|
|Faith Evans - Keep the Faith|
|Total - Kima, Keisha, and Pam
|112 - Room 112|
|1999||Mase - Double Up
|Puff Daddy - Forever
|The Notorious B.I.G. - Born Again|
|2000||Black Rob - Life Story
|Carl Thomas - Emotional
|Shyne - Shyne|
|2001||Dream - It Was All a Dream|
|112 - Part III|
|P. Diddy & the Bad Boy Family - The Saga Continues...|
|Faith Evans - Faithfully|
|G. Dep - Child of the Ghetto
|2003||Bad Boys II: The Soundtrack|
|Da Band - Too Hot for TV
|Loon - Loon
|112 - Hot & Wet|
|2004||Carl Thomas - Let's Talk About It
|Mario Winans - Hurt No More
|8Ball & MJG - Living Legends
|Mase - Welcome Back|
|New Edition - One Love
|Boyz n da Hood - Boyz n da Hood
|B5 - B5|
|Black Rob - The Black Rob Report
|The Notorious B.I.G. - Duets: The Final Chapter|
|2006||Yung Joc - New Joc City|
|Cassie - Cassie|
|Danity Kane - Danity Kane|
|Christian Daniel - Christian Daniel
|Diddy - Press Play|
|2007||The Notorious B.I.G. - Greatest Hits
|8Ball & MJG - Ridin High
|Yung Joc - Hustlenomics|
|B5 - Don't Talk, Just Listen
|Gorilla Zoe - Welcome to the Zoo
|Boyz n da Hood - Back Up n da Chevy
|2008||Cheri Dennis - In and Out of Love|
|Danity Kane - Welcome to the Dollhouse|
|Day26 - Day26|
|Elephant Man - Let's Get Physical
|Donnie Klang - Just a Rolling Stone
|2009||Notorious: The Soundtrack
|Gorilla Zoe - Don't Feed da Animals|
|Day26 - Forever in a Day|
|2010||Janelle Monáe - The ArchAndroid (Suites II and III)|
|Diddy-Dirty Money - Last Train to Paris|
|2012||Machine Gun Kelly - Lace Up|
|2013||French Montana - Excuse My French|
|Janelle Monáe - The Electric Lady|
|2015||Machine Gun Kelly - General Admission|
|Puff Daddy - MMM
|1998||Bad Boy Greatest Hits: Volume 1
|2002||P. Diddy & Bad Boy Records Present... We Invented the Remix|
|2004||Bad Boy's 10th Anniversary... The Hits
|Bad Boy's R&B Hits
|2016||Bad Boy 20th Anniversary Box Set Edition
- "Interview with Mark Pitts". HitQuarters. 24 Apr 2006. Retrieved 10 Dec 2010.
- Bad Boy’s Good Man - March 2004
- "Puffy, Jimmy Page To Share "SNL" Stage". MTV News. Viacom. Retrieved 13 August 2008.
- Glauber, Gary (5 January 2003). "Fuzzbubble: Demos, Out-takes and Rarities". PopMatters. Retrieved 15 August 2014.
- Tamara Conniff and Bill Werde (October 4, 2006). Diddy: The Saga Continues. Billboard.com. Accessed 2006-11-22.
- "Danity Kane's Aundrea Fimbres Fired By Diddy". MTV News. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Diddy Exits Warner Music, 'Last Train' Coming On Interscope". Billboard. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Ruthlessblogs.com". Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "Machine Gun Kelly Announces Deal With Bad Boy/Interscope: 'They Understood Our Idea'". Vibe. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- "King Los Leaves Bad Boy: Was Diddy's 'Nobody' Rant The Reason?". MTV News. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- Hernandez, Victoria. "Puff Daddy's Bad Boy Entertainment Signs With Epic Records". hiphopdx.com. Cheri Media Group. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Puff Daddy's Bad Boy Entertainment Partners With Epic Records". billboard.com. Billboard. Retrieved 2015-10-08.
- "Bad Boy Plots Packed 20th Anniversary Box Set". Rolling Stone. Jann Wenner. July 12, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- "Bad Boy Celebrating 20th Anniversary With Huge Box Set". The Fader. Andy Cohn. July 12, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- "Puff Daddy Announces Bad Boy Family Reunion Tour Featuring Lil' Kim, Mase, Faith Evans, Mario Winans, More". Pitchfork Media. Condé Nast. May 16, 2016. Retrieved July 18, 2016.
- "Bad Boy 20th Anniversary Box Set". Puffdaddyandthefamily.com. Archived from the original on July 18, 2016.
- New Documentary Gives Inside Look Behind Diddy’s Bad Boy Records
- Bad Boy A&R team contact list