|District||Osterode am Harz|
|• Mayor||Helene Hofmann|
|• Total||33.13 km2 (12.79 sq mi)|
|• Density||230/km2 (590/sq mi)|
|Time zone||CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)|
|Dialling codes||05523, 05525|
Bad Sachsa is a town in the district of Osterode, in Lower Saxony, Germany. It is situated in the southern Harz, approximately 15 km south of Braunlage, and 25 km southeast of Osterode am Harz. Bad Sachsa was one of the few municipalities in West Germany that imported electric power from former East Germany. This was done via Neuhof Substation.
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The oldest existing document in which Sachsa is mentioned was written in 1229. The settlement officially gained town status in 1525. Tourism started around 1860. After the town had been recognized as a health resort by the government in 1905 the name was changed to "Bad Sachsa" with "Bad" meaning spa.
Bad Sachsa is known for being the town where Berthold Maria Schenk Graf von Stauffenberg and his four siblings were sent by the Nazis in 1944, following the failed 20 July plot. Their father was executed and their pregnant mother was interned in a concentration camp with two elders. The Stauffenberg children lived in Bad Sachsa during 1944-45. Other families of the executed officers were imprisoned here. All were left there without their parents and with changed names.
Ravensberg Mountain (660 metres) offering a scenic view of the whole Harz is used for various winter sports.
- The Town Hall was built in a Jugendstil style which was very popular in Germany at the beginning of the 20th century. It has several oriels, a veranda and a pavilion. The conference hall represents the Jugendstil style in a very typical way. The Town Hall which is surrounded by half-timbered mansions is in a small park.
- St. Nikolai Church
- The Protestant church was built on a small hill in the town center offering a scenic view of Marktstrasse, the High Street of Bad Sachsa and the colourful Market Place. The Romanesque clock tower of the church was built in the middle of the 12th century. The nave was added around 1300. The altar dating from 1595 was financed by Hansen Hartmann, the then mayor of Bad Sachsa. In 1691 a half-timbered aisle was added to the church the pulpit of which dates from 1711.
- Römerstein Rocks
- Near the suburb of Steina in the southwest of Bad Sachsa the Römerstein Rocks are worth a visit. The coralline rocks were formed about 250 million years ago. Relics of a settlement were found close by. They are estimated to be about 10,000 years old.
- Sachsenburg Ruins
- The ruins of Sachsenburg Castle can be visited in the southwest of the town. The castle was built in the 11th century and destroyed in 1074. The most impressive part is a tower with a diameter of more than ten metres. Excavations were carried out here in 1891-93. The castle can only be reached on a walking track starting from Blomberg street in the southeastern part of the town. It is in the forest near a railway track which must not be crossed by pedestrians.
- Grenzland Museum
- Grenzland Museum was founded in the suburb of Tettenborn in 1992 and is dedicated to the Inner German border which was less than one mile away from Bad Sachsa.
Bad Sachsa is easily accessible by train as it has a railway station on the South Harz Railway. The neighbouring towns and villages can be reached by bus.
Born in Bad Sachsa
- Klaus Bühler (born 1941), politician
- Hans-Ulrich Schulz (born 1945), theologian and General Superintendent
- Axel Hartmann (born 1948), diplomat
People associated with Bad Sachsa
- Willi Müller (1896-1964) mayor, community director, honorary citizen and city manager of Bad Sachsa
- Rolf Kalmuczak (1938-2007), writer, student of Pädagogium Bad Sachsa
- Veruschka von Lehndorff (born 1939), actress, fashion model, painter and photographer; was interned as a child after the failed assassination attempt on July 20, 1944 on Adolf Hitler in Bad Sachsa, because her father was a participiant of the plot
- Alexandra (1942-1969), singer, spent often holidays in Bad Sachsa and was inspired by the Wilhelm Bobring song "My Friend the tree" (Mein Freund der Baum)
- Hans-Heinrich Sander (born 1945) (FDP) Minister of Environment and Member of Parliament in Lower Saxony,
- Lutz Hoffmann (1959-1997), gymnast, teacher
- Landesbetrieb für Statistik und Kommunikationstechnologie Niedersachsen, 102 Bevölkerung - Basis Zensus 2011, Stand 31. Dezember 2015 (Tabelle K1020014)
- Josef Walz: Der Harz, p. 295. Köln 1995
- G. Ulrich Großmann: Hannover und Südniedersachsen, p. 199. Köln 1999
- Hans Pusen: Harz, Hannover, Lüneburger Heide, p. 47. München 1972
- Josef Walz: Der Harz, p. 295. Köln 1995
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