Bad Schandau station
Bad Schandau railway station
|Location||Am Bahnhof 5, 01814 Bad Schandau, Saxony
|Opened||1 July 1877|
Bad Schandau station is a minor junction station in Bad Schandau in the German state of Saxony. The station is located on the south bank on the Elbe on the Děčín–Dresden-Neustadt railway and it is also the terminus of the Bautzen–Bad Schandau railway. The town is located on the north side of the river and is connected to the station by a ferry and a road bridge.
Bad Schandau is a frontier station for international traffic between Germany and the Czech Republic. Bad Schandau station is now the only long-distance stop in the touristic area and national park of Saxon Switzerland. It is marketed as a "national park station" by Deutsche Bahn and the municipality of Bad Schandau.
About 1,600 passengers and visitors pass through and 94 trains stop at the station each day.
Development until 1945
Bad Schandau received its rail connection with the opening of the Königstein–Krippen section of the Děčín–Dresden-Neustadt railway (then known as the Saxon-Bohemian Railway—Sächsisch-Böhmische Staatseisenbahn) on 9 June 1850. The last section from Krippen to the border was opened less than a year later, on 6 April 1851, completing the through railway from Dresden to Prague. At the time the current Krippen station was the station of Schandau.
With the construction of Bautzen–Bad Schandau railway and the strong growth in traffic, a new station was opened in 1877 at the current location under the name of Schandau. Since July 1920, it has had its current name of Bad Schandau, with the Bad (bath) reflecting Schandau’s status as a spa town.
The station was rebuilt and enlarged in 1920. In this context, it received a new locomotive depot (Bahnbetriebswerk) and additional tracks. The station was mainly used for local freight and passenger traffic, but it also had significant tourist traffic for visitors to the region. In 1945 the second track and parts of the station tracks were dismantled as war reparations to the Soviet Union.
Development after 1945
The signing of the “interim agreement on mutual railway operations at the Prostřední Žleb-Bad Schandau border crossing” on 31 August 1947 was of crucial importance for Bad Schandau station. This agreement between the Czechoslovak State Railways (ČSD) and Deutsche Reichsbahn (DR) provided that the handover of all cross-border trains would take place in Bad Schandau and so the station became a border station handling frontier and customs formalities for cross-border freight and passenger traffic.
Extensive changes were made during the electrification of the line from 1970 to 1976. In addition to changes to the railway tracks, a modern centralised signal box was built. The old signal boxes were demolished in the subsequent years. In addition, the railway to Krippen was realigned, a modern road bridge was built over the Elbe and two new overpasses were built over the railway yard as part of this project.
On 22 October 1980, a fire damaged the attic of the station building. In July 1981, the goods shed burned down.
Before the political changes in 1989 more and more people tried to leave East Germany via Czechoslovakia and the Stasi ordered "suspicious" passengers on trains towards Czechoslovakia off the train at the border control at Bad Schandau and sent them back, if necessary.
Even after the fall of the wall, Bad Schandau station initially retained its significance for freight traffic. In the mid-1990s, however, there were significant declines especially in freight, which were exacerbated after the merger of Deutsche Reichsbahn and Deutsche Bundesbahn as Deutsche Bahn AG. This development led to a significant reduction of shunting and the use of existing sidings, so these were also partially dismantled.
Between 2008 and 2011 there was a fundamental reorganisation of the station and the station building, which has been owned by the town of Bad Schandau since 2010. Since then, there has been a tourist information centre, a bicycle rental service and an organic market as well as access to the platforms for the disabled. In addition, car and bicycle parking and interchange opportunities to buses and the ferry were created. The Allianz pro Schiene (Pro-Rail Alliance) gave the station the award of "Station of the Year in 2012 (Special Prize tourism)".
Bad Schandau locomotive depot
When the station was constructed a simple sandstone building for refuelling locomotives was also built. In the 1920s, a turntable was built and the depot was enlarged. The Bad Schandau locomotive depot (Bahnbetriebswerk) was founded in 1925.
On 31 December 1963, the depot was disbanded as an independent agency and made subordinate to the Pirna locomotive depot. The work site was closed in 1994. The whole site was demolished in the 2000s.
The station is served by several train services operated by Deutsche Bahn (including Dresden S-Bahn line S1). The station is also served by EuroCity services from Hamburg and Berlin to Prague, Bratislava and Budapest as well as by certain InterCity and Nighttrains (EuroNight and CityNightLine).
|CNL Kopernikus ||CityNightLine||Köln Hbf – Hannover Hbf – Berlin Hbf – Bad Schandau – Prague Main Station|
|CNL Canopus||CityNightLine||Zürich Hauptbahnhof – Basel SBB – Frankfurt Süd – Bad Schandau – Prague Main Station|
|EuroNight Metropol||EuroNight||Berlin Hbf – Dresden Hbf – Bad Schandau – Prague Main Station – Budapest k.pu. / Vienna West station|
|D||D Train||Berlin Ostbahnhof – Dresden Hbf – Bad Schandau – Prague Main Station|
|D||InterCity||Fulda – Erfurt Hbf – Leipzig Hbf – Dresden Hbf – Bad Schandau – Prague Main Station|
- "Stationspreisliste 2018" [Station price list 2018] (PDF) (in German). DB Station&Service. 5 October 2017. Retrieved 14 December 2017.
- Eisenbahnatlas Deutschland (German railway atlas) (2009/2010 ed.). Schweers + Wall. 2009. ISBN 978-3-89494-139-0.
- "Bahnhof des Jahres Sonderpreis Tourismus: Feier in Bad Schandau: Die Siegertafel ziert den Bürgerbahnhof" (Press release) (in German). Allianz pro Schiene. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
- Kurt Qays, Matthias Hengst (1994). Dresdens Eisenbahn — 1894–1993 (in German). Düsseldorf: Alba-Verlag. p. 138. ISBN 3-87094-350-5.
- "Bahnhof Bad Schandau" (in German). Sebnitztalbahn.de. Retrieved 25 July 2015.
- Johannes Raddatz. Eisenbahn in der Sächsischen Schweiz (in German). 3. pp. 59 ff.
- Michael Richter (2010). Die friedliche Revolution – Aufbruch zur Demokratie in Sachsen 1989/90 (in German). pp. 256 ff.
- Heiner Timmermann, ed. (2001). Die DDR – Analysen eines aufgegebenen Staates (in German). p. 223.
- Heiner Timmermann (2012). Die DDR zwischen Mauerbau und Mauerfall (in German) (2 ed.). p. 356.
- "Tourist information at the "Haus des Gastes"". Retrieved 26 July 2015.
- Klaus-Jürgen Kühne (2011). Bahnbetriebswerke der DDR — 1949–1993 (in German). Stuttgart: transpress-Verlag. p. 12. ISBN 978-3-613-71401-4.
- Deutsche Bahn timetable 241.3 (in German)
- Johannes Raddatz (2011). Eisenbahn in der Sächsischen Schweiz — Band 3. Der Bahnhof Bad Schandau – wichtigster Grenz-Bahnhof der ehemaligen DDR in Richtung Südost-Europa und das Bahnbetriebswerk Bad Schandau. Die Bahnhöfe Krippen, Bad Schandau Ost und Schöna. Die Elektrifizierung der Strecke Schöna–Dresden und im grenzüberschreitenden Verkehr. Die Strecke Staatsgrenze–Bodenbach und die Bahnhöfe Bodenbach und Tetschen (in German). Berlin: Verlag B. Neddermeyer. ISBN 978-3-941712-17-1.
- Media related to Bad Schandau railway station at Wikimedia Commons
- "Location, railway tracks, signals and permissible speeds". OpenRailwayMap. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
- "Detailed description of the history and the equipment of the station" (in German). sebnitztalbahn.de. Retrieved 26 July 2015.
- Städtebahn Sachsen website
- Bad Schandau station at www.verkerhsmittelvergleich.de (in German)