Johann von Fries (1719-1785), the counts of Fries - with an interruption, from 1773 to 1902 owner of the Vöslau dominion and both historically and economically of the greatest importance for the development of the place
Ami Boué (1794-1881) came from an emigrated French Huguenot family, traveled all over Europe as a geologist and ethnologist between 1812 and 1839. He wrote about the Vöslauer sources between 1841 and 1874 nine works. He is buried in a crypt in the Vöslau cemetery.
Arnulf Rainer (born 1929), Austrian painter, lived and worked 1953-59 in his family-owned villa in Gainfarn, Berggasse 18
Wolfgang Gratzer (* 1965 in Bad Vöslau), musicologist and book author. 2010-2014 Vizerektor for development and research of University Mozarteum Salzburg
Jacob Levy Moreno was from 1918 to 1925 community physician and factory worker of the worsted factory. He was the founder of sociometry, group psychotherapy and "psychodrama", lived and worked in Haus Maital 4. He emigrated to the USA in 1925.