Badaic language

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Native to Indonesia
Region Sulawesi
Native speakers
(23,000 cited 1989–2007)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
bhz – Bada
bep – Behoa
npy – Napu
Glottolog bada1260[2]

Bada, or Badaic, is a dialect continuum of Malayo-Polynesian languages in Central Sulawesi, Indonesia. The three principal varieties, Bada (Bada’), Behoa (Besoa), and Napu, are 85–90% lexically similar, but their speakers are culturally distinct.

The classification of the Badaic languages is controversial. While generally held to be a branch of the Kaili-Pamona languages, they share many features with languages of the Seko branch of the South Sulawesi languages,[3] and may actually prove to be South Sulawesi languages that were strongly influenced by Kaili-Pamona languages.[4]


  1. ^ Bada at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Behoa at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Napu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Badaic". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. ^ Martens, Michael P. (1989). "The Badaic languages of Central Sulawesi". In James N. Sneddon (ed.), Studies in Sulawesi languages, part 1, 19-53. Jakarta: Universitas Katolik Indonesia Atma Jaya.
  4. ^ Mead, David. (2003). "Evidence for a Celebic supergroup." In John Lynch (ed.), Issues in Austronesian historical phonology. pp. 115-141. PL-550. Canberra: Australian National University.