Badajoz (Spanish Congress electoral district)

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Badajoz
Congress of Deputies
Electoral Constituency
SpanishCongressDistricts(Badajoz).png
Location of Badajoz within Spain
Province Badajoz
Autonomous community Extremadura
Population 686,730 (2016)
Electorate 558,228 (2016)
Major settlements Badajoz, Mérida, Don Benito, Almendralejo
Current constituency
Created 1977
Seats 7 (1977–1986)
6 (1986–)

Badajoz is one of the 52 constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Congress of Deputies—the lower chamber of the Spanish parliament, the Cortes Generales—. The constituency elects six deputies. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3%.

Overview[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Political Reform Act 1977 and was first contested in the 1977 general election. The Act provided for the provinces of Spain to be established as multi-member districts for the Congress of Deputies,[1] with this regulation being maintained under Article 68.2 of the Spanish Constitution of 1978. Additionally, Article 141.1 of the Constitution would require for any modification of the provincial limits to be approved under an organic law, needing an absolute majority in the Cortes Generales.[2]

The Spanish electoral system is regulated under the General Electoral System Organic Law 5/1985. Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, with all nationals over eighteen and in the full enjoyment of all political rights entitled to vote—the only exception being in 1977, when this was limited to nationals over twenty-one and in the full enjoyment of all political and civil rights—. A 2011 amendment to the electoral law required for Spaniards abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "requested" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado). Provinces are entitled to an initial minimum of two seats, with additional seats awarded in proportion to population. The number of seats allocated to Badajoz is currently set at six. Deputies are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3% of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[2][3][4]

Registered parties and federations of parties are allowed to field candidates, as well as party alliances formed within 10 days from the Cortes' dissolution. Additionally, groups of electors—a legal figure in Spain referring to temporary associations of citizens grouped for the sole purpose of contesting a particular election—are required to obtain the signatures of at least 1% of registered voters in the district in order to be able to field candidates. Since 2011, parties, federations of parties and coalitions left out from the Congress in the previous election are also required to obtain the signatures of at least 0.1% of registered voters in the districts they intend to contest. No party, federation, coalition or group of electors may field more than one list of candidates per district for the same election, and member parties of a contesting federation or alliance are barred from fielding their own lists. From 2002—and in compliance with the Political Parties Organic Law 6/2002—fielded candidates are also forbidden from continuing or succeeding the activities of judicially illegalized, dissolved, or suspended political parties.[3]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Badajoz 1977–
Legislature Election Distribution
Constituent 1977
3 4
1st 1979
3 4
2nd 1982
5 2
3rd 1986
4 2
4th 1989
4 2
5th 1993
4 2
6th 1996
3 3
7th 2000
3 3
8th 2004
3 3
9th 2008
3 3
10th 2011
2 4
11th 2015
1 3 2
12th 2016
1 2 3

Elections[edit]

2016 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress2016.png
Summary of the 26 June 2016 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 149,603 39.58 +5.11 3 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 133,392 35.29 –1.89 2 –1
United We Can (PodemosIUeQuo)1 47,182 12.48 –2.47 1 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 40,417 10.69 –0.67 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,719 0.72 –0.06
Total 377,949 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 377,949 98.69 –0.02
Invalid votes 5,032 1.31 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 382,981 68.61 –3.73
Abstentions 175,247 31.39 +3.73
Registered voters 558,228
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2015 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress2015.png
Summary of the 20 December 2015 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 148,493 37.18 –0.41 3 +1
People's Party (PP) 137,640 34.47 –16.18 2 –2
We Can (Podemos) 47,368 11.86 New 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 45,350 11.36 New 0 ±0
United LeftPopular Unity in Common (IU–UPeC) 12,338 3.09 –2.86 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,117 0.78 –0.40
Total 399,352 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 399,352 98.71 –0.02
Invalid votes 5,224 1.29 +0.02
Votes cast / turnout 404,576 72.34 –1.94
Abstentions 154,671 27.66 +1.94
Registered voters 559,247
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2011 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress2011.png
Summary of the 20 November 2011 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's PartyUnited Extremadura (PP–EU)1 207,068 50.65 +8.87 4 +1
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 153,692 37.59 –14.75 2 –1
United LeftGreensIndependent Socialists: Plural Left (IU–V–SIEx) 24,344 5.95 +2.86 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 14,174 3.47 +2.70 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,832 1.18 +0.34
Total 408,842 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 408,842 98.73 –0.63
Invalid votes 5,260 1.27 +0.63
Votes cast / turnout 414,102 74.28 –4.32
Abstentions 143,366 25.72 +4.32
Registered voters 557,468
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2008 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress2008.png
Summary of the 9 March 2008 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 223,749 52.34 +0.68 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 178,634 41.78 +0.13 3 ±0
United Left–Alternative (IU) 13,197 3.09 –0.82 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,595 0.84 –0.47
Total 427,515 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 427,515 99.36 +0.07
Invalid votes 2,743 0.64 –0.07
Votes cast / turnout 430,258 78.60 –0.72
Abstentions 117,178 21.40 +0.72
Registered voters 547,436
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2004 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress2004.png
Summary of the 14 March 2004 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 219,172 51.66 +6.71 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 176,699 41.65 –5.35 3 ±0
United LeftIndependent Socialists of Extremadura (IU–SIEx)2 16,589 3.91 –1.71 0 ±0
Blank ballots 5,578 1.31 +0.10
Total 424,220 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 424,220 99.29 +0.08
Invalid votes 3,041 0.71 –0.08
Votes cast / turnout 427,261 79.32 +4.13
Abstentions 111,389 20.68 –4.13
Registered voters 538,650
Source: Ministry of the Interior

2000 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress2000.png
Summary of the 12 March 2000 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
People's Party (PP) 187,273 47.00 +7.84 3 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' PartyProgressives (PSOE–p) 178,396 44.77 –4.00 3 ±0
United Left (IU) 21,402 5.37 –4.57 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,810 1.21 +0.49
Total 398,429 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 398,429 99.21 –0.39
Invalid votes 3,179 0.79 +0.39
Votes cast / turnout 401,608 75.19 –7.86
Abstentions 132,492 24.81 +7.86
Registered voters 534,100
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1996 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress1996.png
Summary of the 3 March 1996 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 208,287 48.77 –3.18 3 –1
People's Party (PP) 167,254 39.16 +4.08 3 +1
United Left–The Greens–Commitment to Extremadura (IU–LV) 42,434 9.94 +0.95 0 ±0
Blank ballots 3,081 0.72 +0.18
Total 427,091 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 427,091 99.60 +0.07
Invalid votes 1,694 0.40 –0.07
Votes cast / turnout 428,785 83.05 +1.75
Abstentions 87,512 16.95 –1.75
Registered voters 516,297
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1993 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress1993.png
Summary of the 6 June 1993 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 211,124 51.95 –2.83 4 ±0
People's Party (PP) 142,563 35.08 +11.55 2 ±0
United Left of Extremadura (IU) 36,552 8.99 +0.97 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 7,657 1.88 –8.09 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,206 0.54 +0.06
Total 406,434 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 406,434 99.53 +0.15
Invalid votes 1,939 0.47 –0.15
Votes cast / turnout 408,373 81.30 +5.17
Abstentions 93,931 18.70 –5.17
Registered voters 502,304
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1989 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress1989.png
Summary of the 29 October 1989 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 204,473 54.78 –2.47 4 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 87,831 23.53 –2.57 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 37,215 9.97 +1.47 0 ±0
United Left (IU) 29,940 8.02 +2.91 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,799 0.48 –0.05
Total 373,292 100.00 6 ±0
Valid votes 373,292 99.38 +0.55
Invalid votes 2,347 0.62 –0.55
Votes cast / turnout 375,639 76.13 +1.67
Abstentions 117,765 23.87 –1.67
Registered voters 493,404
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1986 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress1986.png
Summary of the 22 June 1986 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 209,621 57.25 –0.02 4 –1
People's Coalition (APPDPPL)1 95,566 26.10 +2.74 2 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 31,110 8.50 +7.05 0 ±0
United Left (IU)2 18,727 5.11 +0.90 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,955 0.53 +0.11
Total 366,121 100.00 6 –1
Valid votes 366,121 98.83 +0.52
Invalid votes 4,340 1.17 –0.52
Votes cast / turnout 370,461 74.46 –6.29
Abstentions 127,098 25.54 +6.29
Registered voters 497,559
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1982 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress1982.png
Summary of the 28 October 1982 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 209,144 57.27 +19.97 5 +2
People's Alliance–People's Democratic Party (APPDP)1 85,296 23.36 +19.96 2 +2
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 30,647 8.39 –36.21 0 –4
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 15,368 4.21 –5.18 0 ±0
United Extremadura (EU) 14,160 3.88 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 5,288 1.45 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,530 0.42 +0.25
Total 365,197 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 365,197 98.31 –0.71
Invalid votes 6,288 1.69 +0.71
Votes cast / turnout 371,485 80.75 +8.79
Abstentions 88,571 19.25 –8.79
Registered voters 460,056
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1979 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress1979.png
Summary of the 1 March 1979 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 146,699 44.60 –2.01 4 ±0
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE)1 122,680 37.30 +1.76 3 ±0
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 30,873 9.39 +2.52 0 ±0
Democratic Coalition (CD)2 11,194 3.40 –3.46 0 ±0
National Union (UN)3 6,220 1.89 +0.79 0 ±0
Workers' Revolutionary Organization (ORT)4 4,779 1.45 +0.42 0 ±0
Blank ballots 573 0.17 –0.03
Total 328,892 100.00 7 ±0
Valid votes 328,892 99.02 +0.03
Invalid votes 3,240 0.98 –0.03
Votes cast / turnout 332,132 71.96 –6.04
Abstentions 129,445 28.04 +6.04
Registered voters 461,577
Source: Ministry of the Interior

1977 general election[edit]

BadajozMunicipalMapCongress1977.png
Summary of the 15 June 1977 Congress of Deputies election results in Badajoz
Party Popular vote Seats
Votes  % ±pp Won +/−
Union of the Democratic Centre (UCD) 148,697 46.61 4
Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) 107,797 33.79 3
Communist Party of Spain (PCE) 21,932 6.87 0
People's Alliance (AP) 21,880 6.86 0
People's Socialist PartySocialist Unity (PSP–US) 5,578 1.75 0
National Alliance July 18 (AN18) 3,512 1.10 0
Workers' Electoral Group (AET) 3,272 1.03 0
Blank ballots 632 0.20
Total 319,026 100.00 7
Valid votes 319,026 98.99
Invalid votes 3,250 1.01
Votes cast / turnout 322,276 78.00
Abstentions 90,917 22.00
Registered voters 413,193
Source: Ministry of the Interior

References[edit]

  1. ^ Political Reform Act of 1977, Law No. 1 of January 4, 1977 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  2. ^ a b Spanish Constitution of 1978, December 29, 1978 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 27 December 2016.
  3. ^ a b General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985, Organic Law No. 5 of June 19, 1985 Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved on 28 December 2016.
  4. ^ "Congress Functions". congreso.es. Retrieved 23 March 2017. 

Coordinates: 38°40′N 6°10′W / 38.667°N 6.167°W / 38.667; -6.167