Badaling (traditional Chinese: 八達嶺; simplified Chinese: 八达岭; pinyin: Bādálǐng) is the site of the most visited section of the Great Wall of China, approximately 80 kilometres (50 mi) northwest of urban Beijing city in Yanqing District, which is within the Beijing municipality. The portion of the wall running through the site was built in 1504 during the Ming Dynasty, along with a military outpost reflecting the location's strategic importance. The highest point of Badaling is Beibalou (北八樓), approximately 1,015 metres (3,330 ft) above sea level.
Badaling Great Wall was built in the Ming Dynasty (1505) to occupy a commanding and strategic position for protecting the Juyongguan Pass (Juyongguan section of the Great Wall) to its south, further protecting the city of Beijing.
The portion of the wall at Badaling has undergone restoration, and in 1957, it was the first section of the wall to open to tourism. Now visited annually by millions, the immediate area has seen significant development, including hotels, restaurants, and a cable car. The recently completed Badaling Expressway connects Badaling with central Beijing. Two China Railway lines serve Badaling: Line S2 of the Beijing Suburban Railway serves people who want to go to the at-grade Badaling Station from Huangtudian Station, and the Beijing-Zhangjiakou intercity railway has CRH high-speed trains running from Beijing North Station, stopping at the underground Badalingchangcheng Station. The 877 bus runs frequently between Deshengmen Bus Station (adjacent to the Jishuitan Station on Line 2, Beijing Subway) and Badaling.
It was here that President Richard Nixon and his wife, accompanied by Vice Premier Li Xiannian, visited on February 24, 1972, during his historic journey to China. Many other world leaders have made a trip to the site including Margaret Thatcher, Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev.
Nancheng ground cable car starts from the opposite of Zhan Tianyou Memorial Hall and goes to the fourth floor of the best viewing point of Badaling Great Wall-South.
- "Badaling Great Wall" ChinaTour.Net Accessed 2014-1-18
- "American Experience". Pbs.org. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
- Lonely Planet. "Bādálǐng". Lonely Planet. Retrieved 10 January 2015.
- "八达岭索道缆车". 八达岭特区官网.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Badaling.|