Budaun

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Budaun
City
Mission House of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Budaun (1895)
Mission House of the Methodist Episcopal Church at Budaun (1895)
Budaun is located in Uttar Pradesh
Budaun
Budaun
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°E / 28.05; 79.12Coordinates: 28°03′N 79°07′E / 28.05°N 79.12°E / 28.05; 79.12
Country India
StateUttar Pradesh
RegionRohilkhand
DivisionBareilly
DistrictBudaun
Settled905AD (Modern City), 220BC (Ancient City)
Government
 • BodyBudaun Municipal Corporation
 • MayorDeepmala Goyal
 • MPDharmendra Yadav
 • MLAMahesh Chandra Gupta
Area
 • City81 km2 (31 sq mi)
Elevation
164 m (538 ft)
Population
(2011)
 • City369,221
 • Rank17
 • Density5,489/km2 (14,220/sq mi)
 • Metro
457,665 (Budaun Metro Area)
Demonym(s)Badayuni
Languages
 • OfficialHindi, Urdu
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
243601
Telephone code05832
ISO 3166 codeIN-UP-BD
Vehicle registrationUP-24
Coastline0 kilometres (0 mi)
Sex ratio907 female/1000 male
Literacy82.0%
Civic agencyBudaun Development Authority
Governing bodyGovernment of UP
Government of India
ClimateHS-TH (Köppen)
Precipitation843 millimetres (33.2 in)
Avg. annual temperature27.5 °C (81.5 °F)
Avg. summer temperature39.8 °C (103.6 °F)
Avg. winter temperature11.5 °C (52.7 °F)
Websitehttp://www.badaun.nic.in/
Also known as 'City of Saints' or 'Madinat ul Awliya', famous for its Pedas, 'Mentha City' of India.

Budaun (also spelled as Badayun, formerly Vodamayuta) is a city and a seat of Budaun district,[1] Uttar Pradesh, India. It is located near the Ganges river[2] in the center of Western Uttar Pradesh. Budaun was the capital of Delhi Sultanate for four years from 1210 CE to 1214 CE during Sultan Iltutmish rule. It was the most important post of Northern Frontier during Mughal reign. Budaun is a big market, historically famous and religiously important city. It is the heart of Rohilkhand.[3][4] Budaun is 229 km from New Delhi and it takes 4 hours 47 mins to 7 hours to reach the city depending on mode of transport i.e. car or roadways bus service.[5] The town is near the left bank of the river Sot.[6]

Etymology[edit]

Prof. Goti John referred this city was named Bedamooth in an ancient inscription based on stone scripts at the Lucknow Museum. Later this region was called Panchal. According to the lines on stone scripts there was a village Bhadaunlak near the city. The Muslim historian Roz Khan Lodhi said that at Ashoka The Great (?) built a Buddh Vihar and Quila; he named it BuddhMau (Budaun Fort). According to George Smith, Budaun was named after the Ahir prince Budh.[7][8]

History[edit]

According to tradition, Budaun was founded about 905 AD, and an inscription, probably of the 12th century, gives a list of twelve Rathor kings reigning at Budaun then called Vodamāyuta.[6] Kanauj was conquered after AD 1085 by Mahmūd, the son of the Ghaznavid Sultān, driving out the Rāshtrakūta chief. This the Rāshtrakūta chief then move their capital to Vodamāyuta, where they ruled until conquered by Qutb-ud-din Aibak.[9]

The first authentic historical event connected with it, however, was its capture by Qutb-ud-din Aibak in 1196, after which it became a very important post on the northern frontier of the Delhi empire. In 1223, a very handsome mosque of imposing size, crowned with a dome, was built. In the 13th century two of its governors, Shams-ud-din Iltutmish, the builder of the mosque referred above, and his son Rukn ud din Firuz, attained the imperial throne. In 1571 the town was burnt, and about a hundred years later, under Shah Jahan, the seat of the governorship was transferred to Sahaspur-Bilari. Budaun and its district was ceded to the British government in 1801 by the Nawab of Oudh.[6]

In 1911, Budaun was a town and district of British India, in the Rohilkhand division of the United Provinces. At the time, an American Methodist mission maintained several girls schools, and there was a high school for boys.[6]

Politics[edit]

Dharmendra Yadav is the MP of the Budaun Constituency and is the nephew of Mulayam Singh Yadav. Budaun has large population of Ahirs which according to British historian Matthew Atmore Sherring came from Hansi and Hisar which is in Haryana.[10][11]

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011 census, Budaun City had a population of 369,221 (188,475 male 180,746 female = 1000/907), 39,613 (12.3%) of whom were aged 0–6. The adult literacy rate was 92.0. The widely spoken language in the city is Hindi and Urdu with English being used very rarely, and Punjabi is also a significant language in the city. The sex ratio of Budaun city is 907 per 1000 males. Child sex ratio of girls is 882 per 1000 boys. The area of the city is 81 square km. Budaun Metro Area have a population of around 417000 and an area of 103 km2 (40 sq mi) With Badaun City, it includes Shekhupur, Bahedi, Islamganj, Chandanpur, Salarpur, Salarpur Industrial Estate, Shekhupur Firing Range, Padauna and Khera Buzurg.%.[12][13]

Religions in Budaun (2011)[14]
Religion Percent
Hindus
55.15%
Muslims
43.94%
Christians
0.62%
Sikhs
0.21%
Others†
0.08%
Distribution of religions

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Budaun District : Census 2011 data". Indian Census 2011. Retrieved 17 January 2014.
  2. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 21 October 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  3. ^ http://indiatoday.intoday.in/story/yadavs-growing-clout-resents-by-both-upper-castes-and-other-backward-castes/1/294220.html
  4. ^ http://articles.timesofindia.indiatimes.com/2009-05-09/lucknow/28153545_1_sachchar-committee-salim-sherwani-mulayam-singh-yadav
  5. ^ http://www.mapsofindia.com/distance/new-delhi-to-badaun.html
  6. ^ a b c d Wikisource Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Budaun" . Encyclopædia Britannica. 4 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 737.
  7. ^ George Smith (1882). The student's geography of India: the geography of British India : political and physical. John Murray. pp. 223–. Retrieved 17 February 2012.
  8. ^ http://www.jagran.com/uttar-pradesh/badaun-shortage-of-milk-in-kilk-prodective-area-10672897.html
  9. ^ Majumdar, Ramesh Chandra (1977). Ancient India. Motilal Banarsidass. p. 315. ISBN 9788120804364. Retrieved 23 May 2017.
  10. ^ https://books.google.co.in/books?id=8V4IAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA237&dq=Jats+Gujars+and+Ahirs&hl=en&sa=X&ei=H0m3VPf_JI2zuASO84LgBw&ved=0CCQQ6AEwAjhk#v=onepage&q=Ahirs&f=false
  11. ^ Hindu Tribes and Castes, Volume 1 page 334
  12. ^ "Urban Agglomerations/Cities having population 1 lakh and above" (PDF). Provisional Population Totals, Census of India 2011. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  13. ^ http://pib.nic.in/release/release.asp?relid=28770
  14. ^ "Budaun City Population Census 2011". Census 2011 India. Office of the Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 29 November 2015.