|Formed||April 25., 1952|
|Operations jurisdiction||Baden-Württemberg, GER|
|Location of Baden-Württemberg shown in Germany|
|Governing body||Landtag of Baden-Württemberg|
|Headquarters||Hahnemannstraße 1, Stuttgart|
|Parent agency||Ministry of the Interior Baden-Württemberg|
Baden-Württemberg Police is a state law-enforcement agency in Germany. It numbers approximately 25,000 police officers and 7,000 civilian employees.
The four regional police authorities (called Landespolizeidirektionen in BW) are headquartered in Karlsruhe, Stuttgart, Freiburg and Tübingen. There is also a separate police authority for the city of Stuttgart. Following a police reform in 2005, the regional police authorities are now part of the regional government authorities (Regierungspräsidium). The autobahn and river police stations were reorganized from separate authorities and integrated into the respective local police departments.
In 2007, the state government decided that the Baden-Württemberg Police will also change to blue uniforms and patrol vehicles. The uniform change-over will occur between 2009 and 2011 to minimise the cost of the conversion.
Citizens also participate in public safety. This commitment to civic action is seen, for example, in the Volunteer Police program, where approximately 1,200 citizens voluntarily assist their local police in 20 towns. These volunteers are specially trained, wear uniforms and are armed. Their main duty is crime prevention: conducting walking patrols to deter street crime, patrolling near schools and kindergartens and maintaining contact with potential victims of crime and juvenile delinquents.
The Landeskriminalamt (State Investigation Bureau) was founded in 1952, is situated in Stuttgart and employs 520 officers and 430 civilian staff. Its missions are: witness protection, state security, SWAT (Spezialeinsatzkommando) team operations, undercover investigations, statistics, monitoring the development of crime, crime prevention, criminal investigations analysis, exchange of information with foreign countries and forensic science.
The Police Support Group HQ (Bereitschaftspolizeipräsidium) in Göppingen is the recruiting and training agency for the BW police and controls five rapid reaction battalions (Bereitschaftspolizeidirektionen) (BPD), the SWAT team and the state police band. The BPDs are situated in Bruchsal, Göppingen, Biberach, Lahr and Böblingen and have approximately 4,000 officers as the state’s mobile police reserve and school training staff.
There are eight river police stations in Baden-Württemberg along the Rhine and Neckar rivers and on Lake Constance. The aviation unit falls under LPD Stuttgart and has eight modern helicopters and one fixed-wing aircraft based at Stuttgart Airport and Baden Airport near Söllingen. Two of the helicopters are EC 155 transport versions and six are MD 900/902 police operation models. Three are equipped with night-sun and video/night-vision equipment.
One of the main tasks of the Baden-Württemberg Police is the resistance of danger and disturbance and public safety, as a part of the inner security. They prevent unlawful activeness of any kind, regulate traffic control and receive emergency calls. For security it is preventive action, as opposed to law enforcement and the prosecution of misdemeanors, in which it is repressive and identified as perpetrators and analyzed Tatmuster.
2007 the Council of Ministers decided, to change from the old green to blue uniforms. Since 1 July 2008, with some departments in part, the new uniforms were given out as a fitting, for example to the police in the district of Hohenlohe or Neckar-Odenwald-Kreis. 2010/11 the new uniforms were introduced regionwide.
Formerly the warrant card was made out of green linen paper and could be folded. In 2011 a new card was introduced in credit card format. Along with the color change of the police from green to blue the card was colored in blue. A hologram in star shape should make it tamper-proof.
Overall, the Baden-Württemberg police has about 5,300 vehicles.
Since 2011 in particular civil vehicles and patrol cars from Mercedes-Benz and Volkswagen are used as service vehicles.
Beginning in mid-2010, a total of 1038 vehicles, including 99 VW Golf and 17 VW Caddy in a neutral varnish and 922 Mercedes-Benz C-Class, including 118 police vehicle, leased for 36 months. In the second installment of 2011, a total 1691 vehicles, including 1094 Mercedes-Benz e 220 CDI T and patrol cars and 423 Mercedes-Benz C 220 CDI and 174 VW Golf Variant leased for 36 months. The vehicles of the police Baden-Wuerttemberg are uniformly authorized under "Business Administration 4-XXXX". "BWL" stands for Baden-Württemberg state government. The number "4" stands for the Interior Ministry. The Stuttgart Regional Council uses the digits from 1000 to 2999, the regional council Karlsruhe 3000-4999, the police headquarters Stuttgart 5000-5999, the Regional Council of Freiburg, 6000-6999, the Regional Council of Tübingen 7000-7999, and the riot police 8000-8999.
The helicopter fleet of the helicopter squadron of police Baden-Wuerttemberg, was completely renovated between 2001 and 2003. Currently, the police Baden-Wuerttemberg has two machines of the type Eurocopter EC 155 and five machines of the type McDonnell Douglas MD 902 Explorer. A machine of the type McDonnell Douglas MD 902 Explorer was lost due to a crash.
On 5 December 2013, the purchase of six new police helicopter model EC 145 T2 was announced in the value of 60 million euros by the end of 2016 by the Ministry of the Interior of Baden-Württemberg.
At the water police of Baden-Wuerttemberg a total amount of 16 heavy and 14 light patrol boats of various types and 16 rubber dinghy are used.
Water Police boat WSP 21 on Lake Constance at the exit from Friedrichshafen
- Official website (in German)