Baden Baden-Powell

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For the town, see Baden-Baden.
Baden Baden-Powell
Baden Baden-Powell.jpg
Birth name Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell
Born (1860-05-22)22 May 1860
Kensington, London, England
Died 3 October 1937(1937-10-03) (aged 77)

Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell, FS, FRAS, FRMetS (22 May 1860 – 3 October 1937) was a military aviation pioneer, and President of the Royal Aeronautical Society from 1900 to 1907.[1]

Family[edit]

Baden-Powell was the youngest child of Baden Powell, and the brother of Robert Baden-Powell, Warington Baden-Powell, George Baden-Powell, Agnes Baden-Powell and Frank Baden-Powell. His mother, Henrietta Grace Smyth, was the third wife of Rev. Baden Powell (the previous two having died), and was a gifted musician and artist.

Military and aviation[edit]

Baden-Powell was commissioned a lieutenant in the Scots Guards on 29 July 1882, and served with the Guards Camel Regiment in the Nile Expedition (1884-85) in Egypt and Sudan. Promotion to captain followed on 5 February 1896, and to major on 24 June 1899. He served with the 1st battalion of his regiment in South Africa during the Second Boer War, and was present at the battles of Belmont (23 Nov 1899), Modder River (28 nov 1899), and Magersfontein (11 Dec 1899). He was in the Relief Column that in May 1900 relieved the siege of Mafeking, where his elder brother was in command.[2] A month after the end of the war in late May 1902, Baden-Powell returned home with his regiment in the SS Tagus.[3]

Baden-Powell was a military aviation pioneer and a Fellow and later President of the Royal Aeronautical Society and a Fellow of the Royal Geographical Society. He was one of the first to see the use of aviation in a military context.[4][5] He also wrote, "Ballooning as a Sport", published in 1907 by William Blackwood and Sons.[6]

He built his first balloons and aircraft with his elder sister Agnes.

He invented a man-carrying kite system which he called the Levitor.[7] He also developed a collapsible military bicycle.[8] He contributed to the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition entry on 'kite-flying'.[9]

He wrote, "In savage isles and settled lands. Malaysia, Australasia and Polynesia, 1888-1891", published in 1892 by R.Bentley and Son, London.[10]

Scouting[edit]

Baden-Powell was the first who brought flying-based activities into Scouting[11] in the form of kite and model aeroplane building. He can be considered the founder of Air Scouting[11] even though he thought it was hardly feasible to have special 'Air Scouts'.[12]

Baden-Powell was President and later District Commissioner of a North London District, was District Commissioner of Sevenoaks District, Kent between 1918 and 1935, and was Headquarters Commissioner for Aviation from 1923, until his death in 1937.

Preceded by
Unknown
President of the Aeronautical Society
1902 - 1909
Succeeded by
Edward Purkis Frost

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Past Presidents, Royal Aeronautical Society (Retrieved 17 Oct 2016).
  2. ^ Hart´s army list, 1903
  3. ^ "The Army in South Africa - Troops returning Home". The Times (36812). London. 5 July 1902. p. 8. 
  4. ^ Hugh Driver. The Birth of Military Aviation: Britain, 1903-1914. page 185 at google books
  5. ^ "The Tatler" No. 107, 15 July 1903, page 85
  6. ^ Ballooning as a Sport, for sale on eBay UK.
  7. ^ Pelham, D.; The Penguin Book of Kites, Penguin 1976
  8. ^ http://www.ebay.co.uk/itm/1901-MILITARY-CYCLING-MAJOR-BADEN-POWELLS-COLLAPSIBLE-BICYCLE-/321445110312?pt=Antiquarian_Books_UK&hash=item4ad79f2228
  9. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, page 'iv' and page 840
  10. ^ Baden Fletcher Smyth Baden-Powell. 1892. Malaysia, Australasia and Polynesia, 1888-1891. At archive.org.)
  11. ^ a b The Early History of Air Scouting at scoutguidehistoricalsociety.com
  12. ^ (Baden Baden-Powell in Scouter July, 1932)"...it has been suggested that Air Scouts should be organised in the same way as Sea Scouts. "Though the air is 'ever with us', access to aerodromes is not common and though Sea Scouts can mess about 'in any old boat', a Scout is unlikely to be able to get access to an aeroplane, and even if he did he would not be able to fly it. ...it seems hardly feasible to have special 'Air Scouts', yet a great deal may be accomplished by troops specialising in air-work... I shall always be pleased to give what advice I can."

External links[edit]