Badhan (Persian governor)

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Bādhān ibn Sāsān (in Arabic: باذان ابن ساسان‎‎; also Bādhām باذام in Islamic historiography) was the Persian Governor of Yemen during the reign of Khosrau II.[1] He ruled from Sana'a.

During his rule, Muhammad had started preaching the new faith of Islam. Badhan sent reports about this new faith to Khosrau. Muhammad had sent a letter to Khosrau inviting him to convert to Islam. Khosrau tore up the letter and ordered Badhan to send some men to Medina to bring Muhammad to Khosrau himself in Ctesiphon. Badhan sent two men for this task. When these two men met Muhammad and demanded he come with them, Muhammad refused. Instead, he prophesied that Khosrau had been overthrown and murdered by his son Kavadh II, his stomach torn just like he had torn Muhammed's letter. He also prophesised that if Badhan converted to Islam he would be able to keep his throne.[1] The two men returned to Badhan with the news regarding Khosrau. Badhan waited to ascertain the truthfulness of this disclosure. When it proved to be true, Badhan converted to Islam.[1][2] The two men and the Persians living in Yemen and outside Yemen followed the example of Badhan and also converted to Islam. Thereafter, Badhan sent a message to Muhammad, informing him of his conversion to Islam. He sent messages to various parts of Yemeni Arab settlers of different kingdoms of they had trade link at that time,[3] such us Persian qom of cylane, Malaya, Malayana, Bettella, etc. and ordered to build mosques over there.[citation needed]

Badhan was succeeded briefly by his son Shahr, who was killed in battle against Al-Aswad Al-Ansi, an apostate who had declared himself as a prophet when Muhammad became ill after his final pilgrimage to Mecca. Ansi attacked Sana'a and Shahr was killed. He married Shahr's widow and declared himself ruler of Yemen.[2][4]

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