Badi IV

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Badi IV (reigned 1724–1762; died 1764), also known as Badi abu Shilluk, was a ruler of the Kingdom of Sennar.

When Emperor Iyasu II of Ethiopia invaded his realm in 1738, the army of Sennar under the leadership of Hamis, a prince of Darfur, inflicted a significant defeat of the invaders at the Battle of the Dindar River.[1]

He was deposed by his son, Nasir, with the help of his vizer Sheikh Adelan and his brother Abu Kalec the governor of Kordofan. Badi fled to sanctuary in Ethiopia, where Ras Mikael Sehul became his mentor. Ras Mikael convinced Emperor Iyoas I to appoint him governor of the province of Ras al-Fil, near the border with Sennar. However, despite the advice of Ras Wolde Leul, one of Iyoas' senior counselors, envoys from Sennar convinced Badi to return to Sennar where he was quietly murdered after an imprisonment of two years.[2]

The Scots explorer James Bruce adds that Badi was killed by Welled Hassan, the governor of Atbara; because Welled Hassan had killed the king "with a lance, whereas the only lawful instrument was a sword", the governor was afterwards put to death.[3]

One of the earliest existing charters for Sennar was issued in Badi's reign. It is a grant of immunity from taxes, dated A.H. 1145 (A.D. 1732-3), Badi gave to the faqih Bishara, confirming a similar grant given to his father, faqih Ali b. Bursi.[4]


  1. ^ E. A. Wallis Budge, A History of Ethiopia: Nubia and Abyssinia, 1928 (Oosterhout, the Netherlands: Anthropological Publications, 1970), pp. 454f.
  2. ^ James Bruce, Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile (1805 edition), vol. 4 pp. 155f
  3. ^ Bruce, Travels to Discover the Source of the Nile, selected and edited with an introduction by C.F. Beckingham (Edinburgh: University Press, 1964), p. 239
  4. ^ Jay Spaulding, "A Charter of Sultan Bādī B. Nōl of Sinnar, 1145/1732-3", Sudanic Africa, 13 (2002), pp. 37-40; also translated in P. M. Holt, "The Genealogy of a Sudanese Holy Family", Bulletin of the School of Oriental and African Studies, 44 (1981), pp. 268f
Preceded by
King of Sennar Succeeded by