|Region||Murchison area of Western Australia|
Badimaya is a critically endangered language, spoken by only a handful of elderly Aboriginal people, all of whom are over 65 years of age.
Badimaya was traditionally spoken across a large region spanning Lake Moore, Ninghan Station, Paynes Find and Dalwallinu in the south, to Mount Magnet, Wynyangoo Station and Kirkalocka Station in the north
Today Badimaya people are found scattered across the Mid West region,[a] based in regional towns and communities including Mount Magnet, Geraldton, Yalgoo, Mullewa, Meekatharra, Wubin, Dalwallinu and Perth.
Widi may have been another name for Badimaya, or for a particular variety of it.
Analysis of the lexicon and grammatical features of the language suggests that there were (at least) two varieties of Badimaya, a northern and southern variety. These varieties are unnamed; however, Badimaya speakers are aware of differences in the speech of Badimaya people from different regions of Badimaya country.
Badimaya is typologically fairly standard of Western Australian Pama-Nyungan languages. It has a phoneme inventory typical of Pama-Nyungan languages, with six places of articulation (showing both a laminal and apical contrast) and a three-way vowel system, with (limited) length-contrast.
Badimaya is a suffixing language with fairly free word order. It has a split-ergative case marking system, consistent with neighbouring languages. Unlike neighbouring languages however, Badimaya does not show evidence for a bound pronominal system.
The Bundiyarra Irra Wangga Language Centre (and previously the Yamaji Language Centre) has been carrying out work on the Badimaya language since 1993, and has produced a dictionary, illustrated wordlist, grammatical materials (currently unpublished), as well as various bilingual story books. A grammar sketch of Badimaya was published by Leone Dunn in 1988.
- Traditionally the region is known as the Murchison.
- "Census 2016, Language spoken at home by Sex (SA2+)". stat.data.abs.gov.au. ABS. Retrieved 4 October 2018.
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Badimaya". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- A14 Badimaya at the Australian Indigenous Languages Database, Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
- Bednall, 2014
- Bednall, James (compiler). 2014. 'Badimaya Dictionary: an Aboriginal language of Western Australian'. Bundiyarra Irra Wangga Language Centre, Geraldton WA.
- Dunn, Leone. 1988. 'Badimaya, a Western Australian language' pp. 19–49 in Papers in Australian Linguistics No. 17, Pacific Linguistics, Canberra.
- Bibliography of Badimaya language and people resources, at the Australian Institute of Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Studies
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