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|• Mayor||Vaman Mhatre|
|• Total||35.68 km2 (13.78 sq mi)|
|Elevation||44 m (144 ft)|
|• Density||3,355/km2 (8,690/sq mi)|
|• Official||Marathi, English, Hindi|
|Time zone||IST (UTC+5:30)|
|Distance from Mumbai||67 kilometres (42 mi) SW (rail)|
|Distance from Navi Mumbai||44 kilometres (27 mi) West (road)|
|Distance from Pune||125 kilometres (78 mi) SE (rail)|
Badlapur is a city in Thane district, in the Mumbai Metropolitan Region. Due to the population growth in the nearby cities, people working in Mumbai have moved to Badlapur. The town is in close proximity to Mumbai by the central railway, one of the two nationally owned operating companies that form the Mumbai suburban railway and that developed the city near the Badlapur railway station faster than actual Badlapur village. Badlapur city encompasses the old Badlapur village, Kulgaon, Manjarli, Belavali, Katrap and many other small villages.
- 1 History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Demography
- 4 Government and politics
- 5 Education
- 6 Transportation
- 7 Attractions
- 8 Temples and Ashrams
- 9 References
- 10 External links
Badlapur (literally, "change town") was named due to its position, via Surat, on a travel route from Konkan to Gujarat. Warriors (including Shivaji Maharaj) would change their horses at the town in anticipation of the difficult climb through the Konkan area. The name is composed of the Marathi language's word Badla, meaning "change," and pur, meaning village or town. The town was famous for its rich horse breeds. Badlapur was recognised as a town for the first time in 1971 as a municipal town in the Ulhasnagar Tehsil. The population of Badlapur has grown significantly since the 1980's.
Badlapur city is in Thane district. It has an average elevation of 44 meters (144 feet) above sea level. It contains a railway station on the Mumbai Pune route of the central railway and is located about 68 km from Mumbai and 34 km from the city of Thane. Badlapur is a terminal station for many Mumbai suburban local trains. The town is well connected to the Mumbai Pune Expressway.
This region consists of mountains. Badlapur city is virtually divided in two areas, East and West, by railway station. The East-Badlapur is mostly built on hills, as are some parts of West-Badlapur. The Ulhas River flows between Kulgaon and Badlapur village. Badlapur village is connected with two bridges on the river. The old bridge is no longer used due to its smaller size and capacity. Badlapur frequently suffers flooding.
As of 2001[update] India census, there were 97,917 people residing in the city. Males constituted 55% (51,878) of the population and females 47% (46,039). Badlapur had an overall literacy rate of 76.12%, higher than the national average of 59.5%, with 81.01% of males and 72.15% of females literate. 12% (11,999) of the population is under 6 years of age. There were 1,971 members of Scheduled castes (2.01%) and 4,841 (4.94%) people members of the Scheduled tribes category. People living in the city are predominantly Maharashtrians, along with Sikhs (Punjabis), Buddhists, Gujaratis, Marwadis, Sindhis, North Indians, and South Indians. The city is largely recognised as a middle class suburb of Mumbai.
The majority of the population is Hindu and a substantial Muslim community also lives in Badlapur. There are many temples, mosques, and churches in Badlapur. The major festival celebration is Ganesh Jayanti, which many organizations and local groups celebrate. People of various religions participate. The city has had very few religious conflicts, except one which occurred on 21 October 2002, in which 8 people were injured in a conflict between two groups.[which?]
Government and politics
Before 1983, Badlapur Municipal Council was a separate gram panchayat surrounded by twelve villages: Sonivali, Eranjad, Valivali, Manjarli, Badlapur village, Shirgaon, Katrap, Jeweli, Kharvai, Mankivali, Kulgaon, and Belavali.
On 2 October 1983, Badlapur Gram Panchayat became a Municipal Corporation as part of Kalyan, Dombivali, Ambernath, and Badlapur Municipal Corporation. But the formation of the corporation was geographically improper as Ulhasnagar, which falls in between the above councils, was set aside. So, many public figures raised objections, and Badlapur and Ambernath Municipal Councils were formed in 1992. According to the 1991 census the population of the Badlapur Municipal Council was approximately 52,000. So, it was declared a B-Class Municipal Council. Badlapur Municipal Council was rewarded with the "Presidential Silver Medal of India" for its commendable efforts and achievements, based on[clarification needed] the 1991 census. After the formation of the Kulgaon-Badlapur Municipal Council, the first Gadge Baba Cleanliness Mission Award was jointly received by Kulgaon Badlapur Municipal Council (K.B.M.C.) and Vasai Municipal Council. K.B.M.C was rewarded with the "President Reward of India" as a Barrier Free Environment for disabled.
Since the first election for local bodies, Shiv Sena has won major seats and ruled in most years. In 1996, Shiv Sena won 11 seats, Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) 3, Cong. (United) 5, out of 18 seats.[clarification needed] In 2001, Shiv Sena won 9, BJP 6, Nationalist Congress Party (NCP) 8 ,Cong 1, out of 24. With the help of BJP they[who?] took over the council. In the 2006 election, Shiv Sena and BJP both had coalition[clarification needed]. This time Shiv Sena won 16 seats and BJP won 10, NCP 6, Cong. 2, out of 34 seats. In 2011 elections all parties fought election individually[clarification needed]. Shiv Sena won 12 seats, BJP 8 seats, NCP 8 seats, the Maharashtra Navnirman Sena (MNS) 3 seats, Cong 1, Ind. 1. After the election BJP, NCP and MNS united to choose Mayori in 2011, but Shiv Sena again captured position of mayor in 2012 with the help of rebelled[clarification needed] councilers from MNS, BJP and NCP.
Many students from the city have been listed in SSC, HSC merit lists. Every year many students from Badlapur attend higher education in Technology, Medicine and many other fields in Mumbai University. The city has many schools, teaching in both Marathi and English. There are two colleges which are affiliated with the University of Mumbai. Recently Badlapur has engineering college "Lilavati Awhad Institute of Technology" at Kanhor village, Badlapur West. Some of the schools are listed below:
- Presidency English School
- Adarsh Vidya Mandir
- Carmel Convent High School-
- Panna English High School
- Bharat College
- Shrikrishna Khamkar Vidyalaya & Jr.College
- Katrap Vidyalaya
- D. G. Naik High School formerly known as Bal Vikas Mandir
- Fatima High School
- Badlpaur High School
- Janab Classes Badlapur
- St.John Bosco High School & Junior College of Commerce, Belavali, Badlapur (W)
- New English High School
- Yogi Shree Arvind gurukul High School
- K.P.M. Jadhav vidyalaya Manjarli ( Pawar highschool).
- Don Bosco English High School
- Rajashree Chatrapati Shahu Maharaj Vidyalaya formerly known as S.M.Pawar Vidyalaya
- St. Antony's Convent School Badlapur (W)
- Leelavati Awhad Institute of Technology and Management Studies and Research, Kanhor village, Badlapur West.
Train: By fast train it takes about ninety minutes from Mumbai (CST) to Badlapur. By slow train it takes about 2 hours 15 minutes from Mumbai (CST) to Badlapur.
There are many places around the city, famous for recreation, cultural activities and personal and spiritual development.
Kondeshwar has a water fall along with a pond. There is a temple of Lord Shiva and hence the name Kondeshwar.[clarification needed] Kondeshwar is remotely located away from noise and urban pollution, with the nearest village located about 20-25 minutes by walk.
In Kondeshwar, there have been many accidents and fatalities due to unsafe swimming practices by people who are unaware of the crevices under the water. Many people have died due to the turbulence of the waterfall and they were trapped inside the crevices, from which it is very difficult to come out due to the heavy force of water.
The Matheran range starts at Malanggad in the north-north-west, continues to Tavli in the north, and then runs south and finally terminates at Bhivpuri Road hill. Strictly speaking, this range is not a part of the Sahyadris, but rather runs parallel to the Badlapur-Karjat railway line to its west. The Sahyadris proper run parallel to the same railway line but to its east.
Badlapur is the starting point for treks to Tavli, Badlapur Hill and Navra-Navri. Vangani is 12 kilometres from the city by railway, and is the starting point for treks to Nakhind and Chanderi. Neral is 20 kilometres from Badlapur city and is the starting point for treks to Nakhind, Peb fort and Matheran.
Chanderi is a massif, 800 metres high, which stands out as one approaches Vangani station on the way from Badlapur to Karjat by train. Joined to Chanderi by a column are a group of four pinnacles called Mhasmal. The Chanderi-Mhasmal duo is very prominent and can be seen from far away peaks in the Sahyadris.
It looks near from Vangani but the better approach road to Chanderi is from Badlapur. From Badlapur Station, hire an auto-rikshaw up to Chinchavali Wadi. From there you have a walk of about 45 minutes to the base of Chanderi fort. To reach above it takes about two and a half hours, and to the top it takes another 45 minutes.
Tavli is a conical shaped mountain at the northern end of the Matheran range, 790 metres high.
The Barvi Dam is 18 km from Badlapur. The Barvi Dam provides water to Navi Mumbai and Thane. There are public transports available to reach Barvi Dam. The dam is surrounded by evergreen hills and dense forest. It is a popular recreation spot. Barvi Dam is the best picnic spot.
Chikhloli Dam is in Ambernath. Chikhloli Dam is around 5 kilometres from Badlapur. It is one of the famous recreational spots in summers and also during monsoons. Many people from Mumbai and nearby places come to enjoy the dam for swimming.
Temples and Ashrams
Samarthwadi is an Adhyaatmik temple located in Kasgaon village near Badlapur.
Maghi Ganapati Mahotsav
Along with Ganesh Chaturthi, the other Ganesh Festival is called as Ganesh Jayanti or more popularly known as "Maghi Ganapati", widely celebrated in Badlapur. During this time a big fair is set up in Badlapur which is attended by many people coming from great distances. This festival lasts for 10 days in which the atmosphere is very festive, especially during evenings.
It comes in February or March (Magh month of Hindu Marathi calendar). This day is considered the rebirth of Lord Ganesh. During this period this area (coastal part of Maharashtra) has less rain than in August ( the period of Ganesh Chaturthi).
In the fair, mechanized idols of mythological characters are made and a play based on a mythological story is performed by these idols. People flock around to see this play every year.
Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj Temple, Kanhor
Shri Sant Gajanan Maharaj Temple - Kanhor is a well-known religious site. The temple is situated just outside of Badlapur village on a small hillock surrounded by fields and greenery. The enchanting natural beauty around the temple is another attractions for the devotees who visit the temple.
Moolgaon - Khandoba Temple
The temple of Lord Khandoba is located in Moolgaon, a small village, around 4 miles (6 km) from Badlapur Railway station. From the temple one can see a panoramic view of Badlapur, Kulgaon and Vangani. The best time to visit this place is around September to November.
The neighboring town of Ambarnath has a famous Seventh Century Shiva Temple constructed in a 'Hemad' style, also known as Hemadpanthi sculpture, which is around 12 km from Badlapur. It is a journey of 20 minutes on foot or 7 minutes by auto.
Sri Sri Thakur Anukulchandra Satsang's Ashram is in Hendrepada, Kulgaon area.
GaonDevi Temple is situated 10-12 minutes on foot or 5 minutes by auto to the east of Badlapur. There is another Ttmple of Lord Shiva which is situated near the Lake. Recently Gaondevi Temple was renovated. Every year in the month of March orApril, on the day of Hanuman Jayanti (Birth of Lord Hanuman), Yatra is held. Palkhi for the same starts from Patil Pada and ends at the temple.
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