Badong Yao language

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Badong Yao
Batong Yao
Regionsouthern Hunan
Sino-Tibetan
Language codes
ISO 639-3
Xiang.jpg
Sinitic lects of Hunan

Badong Yao language (Chinese:八垌瑶语) is an unclassified Sinitic language spoken by the Yao people in Xinning County, Hunan province, China. Badong Yao is currently endangered, and is spoken in the villages of Huangyandong 黄岩峒, Malindong 麻林峒, and Dazhendong 大圳峒 in Huangjin Ethnic Yao Township 黄金瑶族乡, Xinning County.[1] It is also spoken in Malin Ethnic Yao Township 麻林瑶族乡, located just to the east of Huangjin Township.

Vocabulary[edit]

The following word list of Badong Yao is from Li (2011:332-334).[2]

Chinese gloss English gloss Badong Yao 八峒瑶 Page
hard, stiff ŋai˩ 332
cattle ŋau˩˧ 332
you (singular) ŋ̩˧ 332
one 333
two liə˩ 333
three sa˧˥ 333
four ɕi˥ 333
five ɤŋ˧ 333
six lei˧ 333
seven tɕʰi˥ 333
eight pia˧ 333
nine tɕy˧ 333
ten dzi˩ 333
hundred pa˧ 333
thousand tsʰai˧˥ 333
million uai˩ 333
亿 hundred million i˧˥ 333
jin (Chinese measurement) tɕin˧˥ 333
double lio˧ 333
classifier (general) kəu˧ 333
classifier (animals, pieces) tɕa˧ 333
root and stem of certain plants tau˧˥ 333
classifier (thin, long objects) dy˩˧ 333
root ɣai˩˧ 333
husband dio˧ 333
chi (Chinese measurement) tsʰa˧ 333
li (Chinese measurement) li˧ 333
sky tʰiə˧˥ 333
ground ti˩ 333
person, human being ɤŋ˩˧ 333
cloud ɣoŋ˧ 333
rain 333
frost ɕio˧˥ 333
east toŋ˧˥ 333
south la˧ 333
西 west ɕi˧˥ 333
north pai˧ 333
spring tɕʰoŋ˧˥ 333
summer xa˩ 333
autumn tsʰei˧˥ 333
winter toŋ˧˥ 333
chicken tɕi˧˥ 333
dog kau˧ 333
to jump tʰei˧ 333
to hit dei˧ 333
to lift diəa˧ 333
to climb la˧ 333
fast kʰəa˧ 333
slow mai˩ 333
good xəu˧ 333
bad ya˩ 333
black xai˧ 333
white ba˩ 333
起床 to get up from bed di˧tɕʰi˩ 333
洗脸 to wash face ɕiə˧miə˩˧ 333
梳头 to comb hair ɕy˧˥dau˧ 333
炒菜 to stir-fry vegetables tsʰəu˧tɕʰəa˥˧ 333
吃亮堂饭(早饭) to eat breakfast y˩do˩˧lo˧˥pai˩ 333
喂猪 to feed pig ui˥tei˧˥ 333
看牛 to tend cattle lei˥ŋao˧ 333
弄柴 to prepare firewood ləu˧˥dʑəa˧ 333
烧火 to burn fire ɕy˧˥fəu˧ 333
吃半日饭(中午饭) to eat lunch y˩po˥ɣoŋ˧pai˩ 333
挑水 to carry water ta˧˥ɕui˧ 333
洗衣 to wash clothes ɕiə˧i˧˥ 333
缝衣 to sew clothes lai˧i˧˥ 333
洗澡 to take a bath ba˩˧duo˩˧ 333
吃夜头饭 to eat dinner yi˩ia˩dau˧pai˩ 333
穿衣 to wear clothes təu˧i˧˥ 333
穿裤 to wear pants bəu˩˧fu˥ 333
穿鞋 to wear shoes da˩iəa˩˧ 333
戴帽子 to wear hat tia˥mo˧tə˩⁰ 333
睡觉 to sleep miə˧ŋo˩˧tɕo˩⁰ 333
自己 self (reflexive) tɕiə˩ka˧˥ 334
我们 we (exclusive) a˧li˧˥ 334
他们 they tʰaŋ˧˥li˩⁰ 334
大家 everyone tɕin˩ɕi˥ 334
老女(妻子) old woman (wife) ləu˧ny˧˥ 334
主家人(丈夫) head of household (husband) tɕəu˧ka˧˥ɤŋ˩˧ 334

References[edit]

  1. ^ Lei Biying; Zheng Linguang [雷碧英; 郑林光; 新宁县民族宗教事务局; 新宁县黄金瑶族乡中心学校]. 2012. Badong Yao language [八峒瑶语]. Xinning: Xinning County Ethnic and Religious Affairs Bureau [新宁县民族宗教事务局].
  2. ^ Li Zirong [李志荣] (ed). 2011. Hunan Yaozu [湖南瑶族]. Beijing: Ethnic Publishing House [民族出版社]. ISBN 978-7-105-11699-7