Baduizm

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Baduizm
BaduizmErykah.jpg
Studio album by
ReleasedFebruary 11, 1997
RecordedJanuary–October 1996
StudioSigma Sounds & Ivory Studios in Philadelphia, Battery Studios in New York City and Dallas Sound Lab in Dallas, Texas.
Genre
Length58:15
Label
Producer
Erykah Badu chronology
Baduizm
(1997)
Live
(1997)
Singles from Baduizm
  1. "On & On"
    Released: December 1996
  2. "Next Lifetime"
    Released: May 1997
  3. "Otherside of the Game"
    Released: September 1997
  4. "Appletree"
    Released: March 1998

Baduizm is the debut album by American singer and songwriter Erykah Badu, released on February 11, 1997, by Kedar Records.[3] After leaving university in order to concentrate on music full-time, Badu then began touring with her cousin, Robert "Free" Bradford, and recorded a 19-song demo, Country Cousins, which attracted the attention of Kedar Massenburg. He set Badu up to record a duet with D'Angelo, "Your Precious Love," and eventually signed her to a record deal with Universal Records. Recording sessions for the album took place from January to October 1996 in New York City, Philadelphia, and Dallas.[4]

Baduizm was met with positive reviews from music critics who praised the album's musical style and Badu's artistic vision; other critics noted similarities between Badu and Billie Holiday. Baduizm was a commercial success debuting at number two on the US Billboard charts and number one on the Billboard Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums. The album was certified three times platinum by Recording Industry Association of America,[5] Gold by British Phonographic Industry[6] and Gold by the Canadian Recording Industry Association.[7]

Baduizm was promoted with the release of four singles: "On & On", "Next Lifetime", "Otherside of the Game", and "Apple Tree". The album received many accolades, including the Grammy Award for Best R&B Album at the 40th Grammy Awards. Along with fellow contemporary albums such as D'Angelo's Brown Sugar (1995) and Maxwell's Urban Hang Suite (1996), Baduizm's success helped establish Badu as one of the leading artists in the neo-soul genre and is one of the albums credited with contributing to the genre's commercial visibility at the time.

Background and recording[edit]

Badu collaborated with The Roots (pictured) during the production of the album.

To focus on music full time Badu dropped out from Grambling State University. Badu then began working and touring with her cousin, Robert "Free" Bradford, during this period she recorded a 19-song demo, Country Cousins, which attracted the attention of Kedar Massenburg. Massenburg set a recording session up with D'Angelo to record, "Your Precious Love," and eventually signed her to a record deal with Universal Records.[8] Badu was partly influenced by Brandy's debut album, notably "I Wanna Be Down" and "Always on My Mind".[9] Badu also took inspiration from her ancestry particularly turbans and African drums.[10]

Recording sessions started in January through to October 1996 at Battery Studios in New York City, Sigma Sounds & Ivory Studios in Philadelphia, and Dallas Sound Lab in Dallas.[4] Badu provided lead and background vocals, along with keyboards, drum machine and other music programming on the album with the help of Madukwu, N'Dambi, Bob Power, Ike Lee III, and Ron Carter.[11] Shortly before the albums release, Badu grew unhappy with the recorded material and travelled back to Philadelphia to work with The Roots. The sessions led to the demo's "Otherside of the Game" and "Sometimes" being included on Baduizm.[10]

Critical reception[edit]

Professional ratings
Review scores
SourceRating
AllMusic4.5/5 stars[12]
Chicago Tribune3/4 stars[13]
Entertainment WeeklyA[14]
The Guardian4/5 stars[15]
Muzik10/10[16]
NME7/10[17]
Pitchfork9.5/10[18]
Q4/5 stars[19]
Rolling Stone3.5/5 stars[20]
Uncut9/10[21]
USA Today3.5/4 stars[22]

Baduizm established Badu as a popular artist and received positive reviews from critics, who viewed the record as a return to the simplicity of early '70s soul.[23] Vibe magazine's Karen R. Good called the record "a conduit of awakening of something dark, familiar and long slept,"[24] while John Bush from AllMusic felt it was innovative primarily for its sound, "heavier hip-hop beats over organic, conscientious soul music."[12]

Badu's particular style of singing drew many comparisons to Billie Holiday.[25] Entertainment Weekly said Badu echoed Holiday in "her phrasing and cadence,"[14] while Greg Kot from the Chicago Tribune commented: "Rather than merely mimicking Holiday, Badu offers a canny update of the socially conscious soul of the early '70s with her mid-tempo grooves and sultry, conversational vocals."[13] In the Los Angeles Times, Robert Hilburn wrote: "Freely mixing musical eras and inspirations (Billie Holiday to Stevie Wonder, jazz to hip-hop), Badu combines supper-club sophistication with an artistic vision as unique and independent" as Prince in the '80s.[26] Writing for Rolling Stone, Miles Marshall Lewis stated: "Baduizm showcases the heart and soul of a bohemian B-girl who happens to have an effortless jazz swing."[20]

At the end of 1997, Baduizm was voted the seventh best record of the year in the Pazz & Jop, an annual poll of American critics published by The Village Voice.[27] Robert Christgau, the poll's supervisor, was less enthusiastic and dismissed the comparisons to Billie Holiday,[28] deeming Badu "a mite too bourgie-boho" for his tastes.[29]

Release and sales[edit]

After Baduizm was released, it peaked at number two on the Billboard 200 and number one on the Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums.[30][31] The album's success helped establish Badu as one of the leading artists in the flourishing neo-soul genre.[2] Baduizm was certified three times platinum by the Recording Industry Association of America, Gold by the British Phonographic Industry and the Canadian Recording Industry Association.[5][6][7] As of February 2017 the album has sold 2.8 million copies in United States.[32]

The album produced four singles; the lead single "On & On" was released in December 1996,[33] and reached number 12 on the US Billboard Hot 100 charts and the UK Singles Charts, as well as making an appearance on the New Zealand charts.[34]

Accolades[edit]

In 1997, Badu received six nominations and won three: Favorite Female Solo Single for "On & On", Favorite Female Solo Album for Baduizm and Best R&B/Soul or Rap Song of the Year for "On & On" at the Soul Train Lady of Soul Awards.[35][36] In 1998, Badu received fourteen nominations and won eight, including Favorite R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist at the American Music Awards; Best Female R&B Vocal Performance for "On & On" and Best R&B Album for Baduizm at the Grammy Awards; Outstanding New Artist and Outstanding Female Artist at the NAACP Image Awards; Favorite Female Soul/R&B Single for "On & On", Favorite Female Soul/R&B Album for Baduizm and Favorite New R&B/Soul or Rap New Artist for "On & On" at the Soul Train Music Awards.[37][38][39][40][41][42]

Baduizm is listed as one of the 261 greatest albums since punk and disco (the year 1976), in the music critic Garry Mulholland's book Fear of Music (ISBN 0-7528-6831-4). 'This record works as seduction soundtrack, Saturday night chill-out, Sunday morning church replacement. The success of Erykah Badu's masterpiece briefly threatened to inspire a new era in conscious soul. But only Lauryn Hill and D'Angelo were at her level. Baduizm stands alone, a missing link between '70s street funk, basement jazz, bohemian hip hop and the blues reinventions of Portishead."

In the 2020 reboot of their list of "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time", Rolling Stone ranked Baduizm number 89.[43]

Track listing[edit]

No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
1."Rimshot (Intro)"Erykah Badu, Madukwu ChinwahChinwah1:56
2."On & On"Badu, JaBorn JamalBob Power, Jamal3:45
3."Appletree"Badu, Robert BradfordIke Lee III, Badu4:25
4."Otherside of the Game"Badu, Questlove, Richard Nichols, James PoyserThe Roots, Nichols6:33
5."Sometimes (Mix #9)"Badu, The Roots, Nichols, PoyserThe Roots, Nichols, Poyser0:44
6."Next Lifetime"Badu, Anthony ScottTone the Backbone6:26
7."Afro (Freestyle Skit)"Badu, Poyser, Jaífar BarronBadu, Poyser, Barron2:04
8."Certainly"Badu, ChinwahChinwah4:43
9."4 Leaf Clover"David Lewis, Wayne LewisIke Lee III, Badu4:34
10."No Love"Badu, BradfordBradford5:08
11."Drama"Badu, Ty MacklinPower6:02
12."Sometimes..."Badu, The Roots, Nichols, PoyserThe Roots, Nichols, Poyser4:10
13."Certainly (Flipped It)"Badu, ChinwahChinwah5:26
14."Rimshot (Outro)"Badu, ChinwahChinwah2:19
Special edition bonus tracks
No.TitleWriter(s)Producer(s)Length
15."On & On" (Jazz Mix)Erykah Badu, JaBorn Jamal, Bob PowersBill Esses, Sir Charles6:46
16."On & On" (Da Boom Squad Remix)Erykah Badu, JaBorn Jamal, Bob PowersDa Boom Squad4:23
17."Appletree" (2B3 Summer Vibes Mix)Erykah Badu, Robert Bradford, Ike Lee IIINeville Thomas, Pule Pheto, Robert Malcolm4:35
18."Appletree" (Live @ The Jazz Café)Erykah Badu, Robert Bradford, Ike Lee IIIIke Lee III, Erykah Badu3:03
19."Next Lifetime" (Linslee Remix)Erykah Badu, A. Scott, Tone the BackboneLinslee Campbell5:55
20."A Child with the Blues" (featuring Terrance Blanchard) Curtis Mayfield5:13

Sample credits

Personnel[edit]

Musicians

  • Erykah Badu – keyboards (track 3), lead vocals (All tracks), background vocals (tracks 2-6, 8-9, 11)
  • Ron Carter – bass (track 11)
  • Madukwu Chinwah – additional voices (track 13)
  • Ike Lee III – keyboards (track 3,track 9 Additional on track 10)
  • N'Dambi – additional voices (track 13)
  • Bob Power – guitar (track 11), keyboards (11), multiple instruments (2)
  • Tone The Backbone – multiple instruments (track 6)

Production

  • Producers: Erykah Badu (tracks 3, 7, 9), Jaifar Barron (7), Robert Bradford (10), Madukwu Chinwah (1, 8, 13-14), Jamal "Jaborn Jamal" Cantero (2), Ike Lee III (3,9), Richard Nichols (4-5, 12), Bob Power (2, 11), James Poyser (5, 7, 12), The Roots (4-5, 12), Tone The Backbone (6)
  • Executive producer: Kedar Massenburg
  • Recording Engineers: Lee Anthony (track 11), Tim Donovan (Additional on 2), Michael Gilbert (1, 3, 6–7, 9–10, 13–14), David Ivory (4-5, 7, 12), Anthony Lee, Bob Power (2, 11), Frank Salazar (8, 10), Chris Trevett (1, 6, 8, 14)
  • Assistant engineers: Paul Shatraw (track 13), Sharon Kearney (11), Charles McCrorey (1-2, 6–9, 11, 14), John Meredith (1, 3, 10, 14)
  • Mixing: Ken "Duro" Ifill (tracks 1, 7, 10, 13–14), Tim Latham (3-6, 8–9, 12), Bob Powers (2, 11)
  • Mixing assistants: Martin Czembor (tracks 1, 3, 5–7, 9–10, 12–14), Tim Donovan (2, 11), Paul Shatraw (4-6, 8, 12)
  • Music Programming: Erykah Badu (track 3), Ike Lee III (3,9), Bob Power (2), Tone The Backbone (6)
  • Additional Drum Machines: Erykah Badu (track 10), John Meredith (10)
  • Art direction: Sandie Lee Drake
  • Design: Susan Bibeau
  • Photography: Marc Baptiste
  • Stylist: Andrew Dosunmu

Charts[edit]

Certifications[edit]

Region Certification Certified units/sales
Canada (Music Canada)[57] Platinum 100,000double-dagger
United Kingdom (BPI)[58] Platinum 300,000double-dagger
United States (RIAA)[59] 3× Platinum 3,000,000^

^ Shipments figures based on certification alone.
double-dagger Sales+streaming figures based on certification alone.

Awards[edit]

Grammy Awards

Year Recipient Category Result
1998 Baduizm Best R&B Album Won
"On & On" Best Female R&B Vocal Performance Won
Best R&B Song Nominated
Erykah Badu Best New Artist Nominated

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "12. Erykah Badu, Baduizm - The 50 Best R&B Albums of the '90s". Damien Scott, Brendan Frederick, Craig Jenkins, Elena Bergeron, Justin Charity, Ross Scarano, Shannon Marcec of Complex. July 10, 2014. Archived from the original on October 18, 2016. Retrieved October 17, 2016.
  2. ^ a b O'Donnell, David. Review: Baduizm. BBC Music. Retrieved on August 3, 2009.
  3. ^ Baduizm: Overview. AllMusic. Retrieved on April 13, 2009.
  4. ^ a b "Miles Marshall Lewis: Tags". Furthermucker.com. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved November 26, 2010.
  5. ^ a b RIAA Archived February 25, 2013, at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ a b "Archived copy". Archived from the original on January 15, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2010.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  7. ^ a b "Gold and Platinum". Cria.ca. December 1, 2011. Archived from the original on May 1, 2010. Retrieved January 4, 2012.
  8. ^ Waldron, Clarence (2001). "Erykah Badu". Jet.
  9. ^ "ErykahBadoula: 28 Sep 12". Twitter. September 28, 2012. Retrieved September 30, 2012.
  10. ^ a b http://hiphopdx.com, HipHopDX - (September 7, 2011). "Erykah Badu Recalls Recording "Baduizm"".
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 7, 2014. Retrieved June 21, 2014.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  12. ^ a b Bush, John. "Baduizm – Erykah Badu". AllMusic. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
  13. ^ a b Kot, Greg (February 21, 1997). "Madeleine Peyroux: Dreamland (Atlantic) / Erykah Badu: Baduizm (Universal)". Chicago Tribune. p. 53. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
  14. ^ a b Tyehimba, Cheo (February 14, 1997). "Baduizm". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on January 5, 2016. Retrieved August 3, 2009.
  15. ^ Wells, Chris (February 21, 1997). "Billie and me". The Guardian.
  16. ^ Jones, Bob (April 1997). "Badu meaning good". Muzik (23): 99.
  17. ^ "Erykah Badu – Baduizm". NME. March 29, 1997. Archived from the original on October 12, 2000. Retrieved December 3, 2016.
  18. ^ Hope, Clover (September 5, 2021). "Erykah Badu: Baduizm Album Review". Pitchfork. Retrieved September 5, 2021.
  19. ^ "Erykah Badu: Baduizm". Q (126): 117. March 1997.
  20. ^ a b Lewis, Miles Marshall (January 30, 1997). "Erykah Badu: Baduizm". Rolling Stone. Archived from the original on May 4, 2009. Retrieved August 3, 2008.
  21. ^ Spencer, Neil (January 2017). "Erykah Badu: Baduizm / Mama's Gun". Uncut (237): 44.
  22. ^ Jones, Steve (February 11, 1997). "Erykah Badu, Baduizm". USA Today. p. 06.D. Archived from the original on October 5, 1999. Retrieved April 6, 2020.
  23. ^ Garry Mulholland Fear of Music p. 292
  24. ^ Good, Karen R. "Review: Baduizm". Vibe: 133–134. March 1997.
  25. ^ "Erykah Badu". Rock On The Net. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
  26. ^ Hilburn, Robert. Review: Baduizm. Los Angeles Times. Retrieved on August 3, 2009.
  27. ^ "Pazz & Jop 1997". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  28. ^ Christgau, Robert (2000). "Erykah Badu". Christgau's Consumer Guide: Albums of the '90s. Macmillan Publishers. p. 17. ISBN 0312245602. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  29. ^ Christgau, Robert (February 24, 1998). "The Year of No Next Big Thing". The Village Voice. New York. Retrieved September 25, 2015.
  30. ^ https://www.billboard.com/artist/erykah-badu/chart-history/
  31. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums: December 09, 2000 | Billboard Chart Archive". Billboard.com. December 9, 2000. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  32. ^ "20 Years of 'Baduizm': The Story of Erykah Badu's Classic Debut". February 10, 2017.
  33. ^ "Miles Marshall Lewis: Tags". Furthermucker.com. Archived from the original on October 6, 2014. Retrieved February 11, 2014.
  34. ^ "Billboard Singles Chart". Billboard. Retrieved July 13, 2011.
  35. ^ "Badu Wins Big At 3rd Soul Train Lady Of Soul Awards". Allbusiness.com. September 20, 1997. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  36. ^ "Destiny's Child Leads The Nominees For Soul Train Lady Of Soul Awards". Allbusiness.com. March 14, 1998. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  37. ^ "The 1998 Grammy Award Winners". The New York Times. February 26, 1998. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
  38. ^ Babyface Has Most Grammy Nominations for Second Year. Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. February 26, 1998. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
  39. ^ "Spice Was Nice, Puffy Shut Out at AMAs". Billboard. Nielsen Business Media. January 27, 1998. Retrieved December 30, 2008.[dead link]
  40. ^ Babyface, Erykad Badu and Boyz II Men Among Winners at American Music Awards. Jet. Johnson Publishing Company. February 16, 1998. Retrieved April 15, 2009.
  41. ^ Doss, Yvette C. (February 16, 1998). "'Soul Food' and 'Angel' Are Tops in Image Awards". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 1, 2009.
  42. ^ "Badu Wins Big At Soul Train Awards". Allbusiness.com. March 14, 1998. Retrieved January 3, 2009.
  43. ^ "The 500 Greatest Albums of All Time". September 22, 2020.
  44. ^ "Dutchcharts.nl – Erykah Badu – Baduizm" (in Dutch). Hung Medien. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  45. ^ "Erykah Badu: Baduizm" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  46. ^ "Charts.nz – Erykah Badu – Baduizm". Hung Medien. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  47. ^ "Norwegiancharts.com – Erykah Badu – Baduizm". Hung Medien. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  48. ^ "Official Scottish Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  49. ^ "Swedishcharts.com – Erykah Badu – Baduizm". Hung Medien. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  50. ^ "Official Albums Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  51. ^ "Official R&B Albums Chart Top 40". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  52. ^ "Erykah Badu Chart History (Billboard 200)". Billboard. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  53. ^ "Erykah Badu Chart History (Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums)". Billboard. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  54. ^ "End of Year Album Chart Top 100 – 1997". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  55. ^ "Top Billboard 200 Albums – Year-End 1997". Billboard. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  56. ^ "Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums – Year-End 1997". Billboard. Retrieved May 5, 2021.
  57. ^ "Canadian album certifications – Erykah Badu – Baduizm". Music Canada. Retrieved September 30, 2019.
  58. ^ "British album certifications – Erykah Badu – Baduizm". British Phonographic Industry. Retrieved June 5, 2020.
  59. ^ "American album certifications – Erykah Badu – Baduizm". Recording Industry Association of America.

External links[edit]