Baduria (community development block)

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Baduria
বাদুড়িয়া সমষ্টি উন্নয়ন ব্লক
Community development block
The Berachampa-Baduria road at Baduria sub-post office.
The Berachampa-Baduria road at Baduria sub-post office.
Baduria is located in West Bengal
Baduria
Baduria
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 22°41′53″N 88°46′49″E / 22.6979708°N 88.7803459°E / 22.6979708; 88.7803459Coordinates: 22°41′53″N 88°46′49″E / 22.6979708°N 88.7803459°E / 22.6979708; 88.7803459
Country  India
State West Bengal
District North 24 Parganas
Area
 • Total 209.69 km2 (80.96 sq mi)
Population (2011)
 • Total 285,319
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,500/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Literacy (2011)
 • Total literates 199,549 (78.75%)
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 743401 (Baduria)
743247 (Dakshin Chatra)
Telephone/STD code 03217
Vehicle registration WB-23, WB-24, WB-25, WB-26
Lok Sabha constituency Basirhat
Vidhan Sabha constituency Baduria
Website north24parganas.nic.in

Baduria is a community development block that forms an administrative division in Basirhat subdivision of North 24 Parganas district in the Indian state of West Bengal. Baduria police station serves this block. Headquarters of this block is at Baduria. It is located 37 km from Barasat, the district headquarters.

Geography[edit]

Location[edit]

Bajitpur, a constituent panchayat in Baduria block, is located at 22°41′53″N 88°46′49″E / 22.6979708°N 88.7803459°E / 22.6979708; 88.7803459.

Baduria CD Block is bounded by Swarupnagar CD Block is in the north and east. A small portion of its boundary borders Satkhira Sadar Upazila in Satkhira District of Bangladesh in the east. Basirhat I and Basirhat II CD Blocks are in the south, Deganga and Habra I CD Blocks are in west. While Gobardanga municipality is in the north, Baduria and Basirhat municipalities are in the south.[1][2]

Area[edit]

Baduria CD Block has an area of 209.69 km2.[3]

Physical features[edit]

North 24 Parganas district is part of the Gangetic delta, lying east of the Hooghly River. The country is flat. It is a little raised above flood level and the highest ground borders the river channels. The rivers in the district were formerly distributaries of the Ganges but their mouths have long been filled up and blocked. The area is described as a sort of a drowned land broken by swamps. Land in the north-east of the district is higher than that of the rest of the district. The sturdy peasants raise crops of rice, jute and sugarcane from the alluvial soil. There are clumps of palm and fruit trees in which village homesteads nestle. Industrial activity is concentrated in the narrow strip of land along the Hooghly River. The south-eastern part of the district gradually merges into the Sunderbans.[4] Parts of the metropolitan city of Kolkata extend over southern part of the district.

Gram panchayats[edit]

Gram panchayats of Baduria block/ panchayat samiti are: Aturia, Chatra, Jadurhati Uttar, Sayestanagar II, Bagjola, Jagannathpur, Raghunathpur, Jadurhati Dakshin, Bajitpur, Jasikati Atghara, Ramchandrapur Uday, Chandipur, Nayabastia Milani and Sayestanagar I.[5]

The Chatra gram panchayat has seven villages, named Ghoshpur, Dakshin Chatra, Uttar Chatra,Salua, Rosui, Papila,and Kotalber.

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Baduria CD Block had a total population of 285,319, of which 278,044 were rural and 7,275 were urban. There were 145,641 (51%) males and 139,678 (49%) females. Population below 6 years was 31,920. Scheduled Castes numbered 46,811 and Scheduled Tribes numbered 2,423.[6]

As per 2001 census, Baduria block has a total population of 247,592 out of which 125,290 were males and 121,302 were females. Baduria block registered a population growth of 17.15 per cent during the 1991-2001 decade. Decadal growth for the district was 22.40 per cent.[3] Decadal growth in West Bengal was 17.84 per cent.[7]

Census towns and large villages[edit]

There is only one census town in Baduria CD Block (2011 census figure in brackets) : Dakshin Chatra (7,275).[6]

Large villages in Baduria CD Block (2011 census figures in brackets): Ghoshpur (7,036), Salua (4,237), Chandipur (11,021), Bagjola (4,134), Bena (5,702), Ramchandrapur (5,650), Kankrasuti (5,345), Atghara (5,250), Haidarpur (4,098), Shimla Durgapur (7,225), Jashaikati (7,317), Narayanpur (4,116), Jangalpur (4,917), Serpur (4,874), Jadurhati Khaspur (4,016), Gokna (4,455), Maleapur (4,318), Fatullapur (4,589), Punra (P) (8,590), Gandharbbapur (5,038), Piyara (4,957), Katia (6,450), Aturia (7,182) and Sayestanagar (7,014).[6]

Literacy[edit]

As per 2011 census the total number of literates in Baduria CD Block was 199,549 (78.75% of the population over 6 years) out of which 106,245 (53%) were males and 93,304 (47%) were females.[6]

As per 2011 census, literacy in North 24 Parganas district was 84.06 (including urban areas outside the CD Blocks).[8] Literacy in West Bengal was 77.08% in 2011.[9] Literacy in India in 2011 was 74.04%.[9]

See also – List of West Bengal districts ranked by literacy rate


Language[edit]

Bengali is the local language in these areas.[1]

Religion[edit]

Religion in Baduria CD Block
Muslim
  
65.48%
Hindu
  
34.35%
Others
  
0.17%

In the 2011 census Muslims numbered 186,836 and formed 65.48% of the population in Baduria CD Block. Hindus numbered 98,010 and formed 34.35% of the population. Others numbered 473 and formed 0.17% of the population.[10]

In 1981 Muslims numbered 95,202 and formed 60.08% of the population and Hindus numbered 63,263 and formed 30.90% of the population. In 1991 Muslims numbered 130,634 and formed 61.81% of the population and Hindus numbered 80,693 and formed 31.98% of the population in Baduria CD Block. (In 1981 and 1991 census was conducted as per jurisdiction of the police station.)[11]

In the 2011 census, Hindus numbered 7,352,769 and formed 73.46% of the population in North 24 Parganas district. Muslims numbered 2,584,684 and formed 25.82% of the population.[10]In West Bengal Hindus numbered 64,385,546 and formed 70.53% of the population. Muslims numbered 24,654,825 and formed 27.01% of the population.[10]

Human Development Report[edit]

According to Census 2001, 54% of the population of North 24 Parganas district lived in the urban areas. The district had 1,571 inhabited villages spread over 22 community development blocks. In the urban area there were 27 municipalities, 20 census towns, 7 urban outgrowths and one town under Cantonment Board. The North 24 Parganas district Human Development Report opines that in spite of agricultural productivity in North 24 Parganas district being rather impressive 81.84% of rural population suffered from shortage of food. The number of families living below the poverty line varied widely from block to block. Even in some municipal areas, such as Baduria, Gobardanga, Taki, Basirhat, Bangaon and Habra surveys have revealed large percentage of people living in poverty. Several poverty alleviation schemes are under implementation mostly at the block level. North 24 Parganas district with a population density of 2,192 persons per square km, was the third densest in West Bengal, after Kolkata and Howrah. The high density of population in the district is largely because of large scale migration of refugees from erstwhile East Pakistan, particularly in the period 1947 to 1955. In 2004, life expectancy at birth of a female was 71 years and that of a male was 66 years. With a literacy rate of 68.74% in 2001, the district was second only to Kolkata in the state in literacy. There were 6,139 habitations in the rural areas of North 24 Parganas. Out of these 2,331 habitations have primary schools within the villages and another 3,334 habitations have primary schools within 1 km. There are 474 habitations with primary schools beyond 1 km from the village. There were 258 high schools in the rural areas of the district.[12]

Baduria CD Block had a population density of 1,378 persons per km2. It was ranked 7 amongst the 22 CD Blocks for density of population in 2001. It had a literacy rate of 70.62%, ranking of 10. Male literacy rate was 76.93% and female literacy rate was 64.02%. Percentage distribution of main workers in Baduria CD Block was cultivators 28.10, agricultural labourers 24.86, household industry workers 5.66 and other workers 41.38 (non-agricultural, non-household). 40.74% of households in this CD Block lived below poverty line.[12]

In the Baduria CD Block 11 villages had secondary schools and for 86.60% villages a college was more than 5 km away. Basuria had 14 high schools with 10,167 students and 227 teachers. It had 12 higher secondary schools with 13,664 students and 229 teachers.[12]

In Baduria, 86.60% of the villages had electricity for domestic use, 95.88% villages had paved approach roads, 89.69% villages had primary schools, 29.90% of the villages had maternity and child welfare centres, and 100% villages had drinking water. The tube well is the source of drinking water in 1,244 out of 1,572 villages in the district. In Baduria CD Block, 71 villages had tube wells for drinking water and 26 villages had tap water. Baduria CD Block had 623 km surfaced roads and 134 km unsurfaced roads.[12]

North 24 Parganas is one of the leading districts in the formation and development of self-help groups. In Baduria CD Block there were 663 such groups. The major activities done by these groups were bamboo work, tailoring, poultry, goat rearing and animal husbandry. Baduria CD Block had 5 health centres and 35 sub-centres.[12]


Healthcare[edit]

Baduria block is one of the areas where ground water is affected by arsenic contamination.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Baduria Block". onefivenine. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  2. ^ "North 24 Parganas District". Map Gallery – CD Blocks. North 24 Parganas district administration. Retrieved 10 March 2016. 
  3. ^ a b "Census of India 2001, Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal, Table - 4". North Twenty Four Parganas District (11). Government of West Bengal. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2010-10-25. 
  4. ^ LSS O’Malley. "Bengal District Gazzetteers: 24 Parganas". p 1-4. Google Books. Retrieved 12 March 2016. 
  5. ^ From Basirhat subdivision page.
  6. ^ a b c d "C.D. Block Wise Primary Census Abstract Data(PCA)". West Bengal – District-wise CD Blocks. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 10 March 2015. 
  7. ^ "Provisional Population Totals, West Bengal. Table 4". Census of India 2001. Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2011-01-20. 
  8. ^ "District Census 2011". Population Census 2011. Retrieved 24 January 2016. 
  9. ^ a b "Provisional population tables and annexures" (PDF). Census 2011:Table 2(3) Literates and Literacy rates by sex. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 9 February 2016. 
  10. ^ a b c "C1 Population by Religious Community". West Bengal. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  11. ^ "Block Level Statistics of North 24 Parganas District" (PDF). Handbook 2004. Government of West Bengal. Retrieved 20 July 2016. 
  12. ^ a b c d e "District Human Development Report: North 24 Parganas" (PDF). Intro Pp 3, 6, 8, 22, 38, 202; Block specific Pp 20, 22, 27, 28, 31, 86, 89, 123, 145, 151, 189. Development & Planning Department, Government of West Bengal, 2010. Retrieved 18 March 2016. 
  13. ^ "Groundwater Arsenic contamination in West Bengal-India (20 years study )". Groundwater arsenic contamination status of North 24-Parganas district, one of the nine arsenic affected districts of West Bengal-India. SOES. Retrieved 2011-02-17.