Baekje language

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Native to Paekche
Region Korea
Era 5th–7th centuries[1]
(Buyeo? Koreanic?)
Language codes
ISO 639-3 xpp
Linguist list
Glottolog None
Old Baekje
Native to Paekche
Region Korea
Era 5th–7th centurieslinglist2
Language codes
ISO 639-3 pkc
Glottolog paek1234[2]
Three Kingdoms of Korea Map.png
The Three Kingdoms of Korea, with Baekje in green.

The language of the ancient kingdom of Baekje (18 BCE – 660 CE), one of the Three Kingdoms of Korea, is sparsely attested; indeed, it is not clear that what material exists is from the same language.

Since Baekje was established by immigrants from Goguryeo (the Buyeo-Baekje / Puyo-Paekche), it is presumed that they spoke the Goguryeo language, and several attested words support this idea; however, even if that is true, it is not known which language the indigenous Samhan people (Han-Baekje) spoke, or if the attested material may be a mix of Goguryeo and Samhan. The Gaya confederacy, however, was founded by one of the Samhan tribes, so it's possible that the old Baekje language was related to Gaya; based on toponymic evidence, it may be then that Buyeo-Baekje was related to Korean, and Han-Baekje, despite the name, to Japanese.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Buyeo-Baekje at MultiTree on the Linguist List
  2. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Paekche". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.