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The town is approximately 196 km from Maiduguri, the capital of Borno State. The "Doron Baga" fish market, as of 2000, was located about six kilometres from the town. Baga used to lie on the border of Lake Chad and was a fishing center itself in the 1960s and 1970s, but the diminishing size of the lake has caused fishermen to move, and others have turned to subsistence farming.
The town and the nearby naval base have been under the control of the Islamic State's West African province since December 2018.
2013 Baga massacre
2015 Baga massacre
In January 2015, Boko Haram again attacked the town, seizing it and the military base used by a multinational force set up to fight them. The town was burned and the people massacred — perhaps 2000 deaths — the largest such massacre in Boko Haram's history. Some residents escaped to nearby Chad.
Although according to the Nigerian Ministry of Defence no more than 150 people in total had been killed, including militants. Several government officials denied that the fatalities were as extensive as reported, with some even claiming that the massacre had never taken place or that the Nigerian military had repelled the militants from the region, a claim that was refuted by local officials, survivors, and the international media.
Satellite imagery taken on 2 and 7 January was released by Amnesty International showing that in Baga, which is "less than two square kilometres in size, approximately 620 structures were damaged or completely destroyed by fire." In Doron Baga (or Doro Gowon), located about 2.5 km away, fishing boats present on the 2nd were no longer visible, and "more than 3,100 structures were damaged or destroyed by fire affecting most of the 4 square kilometre town."
- Mukhtar, Yakubu and Waziri A. Gazali. The Dynamics of Fish Trade in North-East Nigeria: A Case Study of Doron Baga, Berichte des Sonderforschungsbereichs 268, Band 14, Frankfurt a.M. 2000: 83-91
- Idris, Hamza et al. (30 June 2012)Nigeria: Northern Communities Losing Territory to Desert, Daily Trust (AllAfrica.com)
- Bomford, Andrew (14 April 2006). Slow death of Africa's Lake Chad, BBC News ("Just 30 years ago, water covered the whole area. Baga was a waterfront town. Now it is stranded many miles from the lake as the land around it becomes desert.")
- Murray, Senan (15 January 2007). Lake Chad fisherman pack up their nets, BBC News
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- Olanrewaju, Timothy (9 January 2015). "One week after Boko Haram attack, corpses litter Baga". The Sun (Nigeria). Archived from the original on 10 January 2015. Retrieved 9 January 2015.
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- Amnesty International. Nigeria: Satellite Images Show Horrific Scale of Boko Haram Attack On Baga. allAfrica.com, January 15, 2015
- "Islamists kill at least 10 in bid to capture northeast Nigerian lake town: residents". Reuters. Retrieved 2018-12-28.
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