Bagakain Lake

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Bogakain Lake
Bogakain Lake
LocationRuma uzpazila on the east side
Coordinates21°58′50″N 92°28′10″E / 21.98056°N 92.46944°E / 21.98056; 92.46944
TypeInterconnected lakes
Primary inflowsSangu River
Basin countriesBangladesh
Surface area15 acres (6.1 ha)
Average depth38 m (125 ft)
Surface elevation1,246 ft (380 m)
Boga Lake - Blue Water

Bogakain Lake, also called Baga Lake or Boga Lake, is a lake located in Ruma Upazila in the hill district Bandarban, Bangladesh.[1] It is a natural sweet and deep water lake. Its height from sea level is nearly 1,246 feet (380 m). Geologists believe that it was created by collection of rain water in summer. The lake is irregular in shape.[1] A team of geologists surveyed this lake in 1973. They found the lake's water to be too acidic for any form of life. By the year 1995, the lake's water became abundant with plants and fish. The local residents culture and gather Tilapia fish in this lake.

People of Bawm tribe migrated from Saikot para to Boga Lake and set up this village.

A local legend tells that the lake was created after the inhabitants of a Khumi village killed and ate a deity who later reappeared to them in the form of a dragon. Instantly an earthquake occurred, the hillside caved in, and the village disappeared and formed a deep lake.


The lake is bounded on three sides by mountain peaks covered with thick bamboo bushes. The area of the lake is 18.56 acres (75,100 m2). It is a closed lake and there is a small spring named Boga chhara, which is 153 metres (502 ft) deep. There is no outlet for draining out water from the lake. The lake is composed of the soft rocks of the Bhuban Formation. The main source of water is the rain in summer. The water is greenish due to the abundance of algae. The lake's bed is covered with boulders, like any other hill surface in that area. The lake's water was the only source of water for drinking, washing and bathing until 2012. Later, a pipe network has been setup to bring stream water for drinking and household activities.


There is a small village of Bawm tribe located by the lake. The road from Ruma to Boga Lake is still under construction, which is accessible by trucks and SUVs only in the dry season. The lake attracts tourists because of its scenic beauty but it is inaccessible by any other means of transport. Local administration and the Army bars the tourists from hiking through the scenic canyons and hills bushes. The only way to travel to Boga Lake in the summer is by hiking the same under construction road.

The Army camp placed by the lake prevents tourists from bathing in the lake due to the risk of drowning. The lake is full of underwater kelp like vegetation that entangle unsuspecting swimmers.

There are around 35 cottages located in the Boga Lake para. The most popular cottage is Siam Didi's cottage along with Laram's cottage and Robert's cottage. Accommodation costs BDT 100 per person per night. Food is fresh and hygienic. Food menu includes plain rice, potato mash, pulse, egg fry and vegetables. Three meals a day costs BDT 100 per person. There is no need to advance reservation. Before entering Boga Lake, tourists need to take permission from army camp situated there. There is also a church for the local people. Most of the Bawm people are Christian.

Visitors do not hike to Boga Lake for fishing, they come to the lake to marvel at its size, its magnificent views and to be able to enjoy a wonderful quiet moment of rest surrounded by natural beauty and wonder. It also serves as a transit camp for tourists who intend to travel further east, namely to Keokradong.

Control of the Army[edit]

Bangladesh Army maintains tight control over the lives of the people in the Ruma upazila. The movement of people and goods is strictly monitored and controlled through numerous army and police camps set up along the routes of travel. Army camps tend to be placed very close to the nearby villages and sometimes interfere with the daily businesses of the locals. The army camp in Boga Lake used to be on the other side of the lake, but has moved next to the village few years back. Tourists are often shouted upon by the army for talking too loud or singing songs at night. The local youths are regularly harassed by the army for being vocal about this mistreatment. The locals are worried that the Army is systematically uprooting the locals and grab their land in the name of development. Similar tactics have been used by the army in the past for building the Nilachal Resort, Bandarban. As Boga lake is the only significant fresh water source in the vicinity with great scenery, it is highly plausible that the locals will be driven out as soon as the Ruma-Boga road is completed.



  1. ^ a b S M Mahfuzur Rahman and Rahatul karim (2012). "Bagakain Lake". In Sirajul Islam and Ahmed A. Jamal. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh.

Boga Lake Video[edit]