Bagdogra Airport

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Bagdogra Airport
Bagdogra International Airport - during LGFC - Bhutan 2019 (20).jpg
Airport typeCivil Enclave
OwnerIndian Air Force
OperatorAirports Authority of India
LocationBagdogra, Siliguri, West Bengal, India
Hub for
Focus city forAir India
Elevation AMSL126 m / 412 ft
Coordinates26°40′52″N 088°19′43″E / 26.68111°N 88.32861°E / 26.68111; 88.32861Coordinates: 26°40′52″N 088°19′43″E / 26.68111°N 88.32861°E / 26.68111; 88.32861
IXB is located in West Bengal
IXB is located in India
Direction Length Surface
m ft
18/36 2,754 9,035 Concrete/Asphalt
Statistics (April 2020 - March 2021)
Passengers1,500,310 (Decrease59%)
Aircraft movements10,784 (Decrease53.6%)
Cargo tonnage6,023 (Decrease19.8%)
Source: AAI[1][2][3]
Apron area in the airport

Bagdogra Airport (IATA: IXB, ICAO: VEBD) is a customs airport located at the western part of the city Siliguri, the city which the airport serves, at Bagdogra area in Siliguri in northern West Bengal, India.[4] It is operated as a civil enclave at AFS Bagdogra of the Indian Air Force. It is also the gateway airport to the hill stations of Darjeeling, Gangtok, Kurseong, Kalimpong, Mirik and other parts of the North Bengal region and sees thousands of tourists annually. The airport is a major transport hub in the region. The central government of India conferred limited international airport status to the airport in 2002 with limited international operations. Bagdogra Airport experiences humid sub-tropical climate (Köppen climate classification Cwa) - Hot humid summers and cooler winter. Significant precipitation in all seasons but drier in the winter.[5][6] Air traffic at Bagdogra crossed 1 million for the first time growing at 43.6% percent in 2014–15. In 2019–20, the airport served 3.2 million passengers which was an increase of 11.2% from the previous year, making it the 17th-busiest airport in India. This is one of the few airports in India with zero sales tax on aviation turbine fuel.[7]

Air Force Station[edit]

The airbase is home to the IAF No. 20 Wing, as also to the Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 (Mig-21) FL fighter aircraft of the No. 8 Squadron and a Helicopter Unit.[8] Along with the airbase at Hasimara, Alipurduar district; it is responsible for combat air operations over a large area including North Bengal, Sikkim, and if needed, Bhutan.[9] The base caters to all military air traffic for the Indian Army's XXXIII Corps based nearby in Sukna.[10]


The state government had handed over 14.5 acres (5.9 ha) of land to the Ministry of Civil Aviation for developing infrastructure for night landing in 2010. AAI also expanded the apron at the same time, enabling the parking of 5 narrow body aircraft simultaneously.[5] The IAF, which maintains the ATC and runway, gave permission for night landings by civilian aircraft allowing flights past 6 pm in 2013. The new terminal building, which will start its construction by April 2022, will be completed by 2024 with 16 parking bays, 10 aerobridges and a taxi way. It will have a floor area of 1 lakh sq.m, and it will be capable of handling 12.5 million passengers per year. After the expansion of the airport, more international flights can land here, and will turn this customs airport into an international one.[11]

For its growing traffic over the years, in 2022, From 11 to 25 April, the airport was shut down for 14 days to refurbish its sole runway.[12]


Annual passenger traffic at IXB airport. See source Wikidata query.

Airlines and destinations[edit]

AirAsia India Bangalore, Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai[13][14]
Air India Delhi, Kolkata[15]
Go First[16] Delhi, Guwahati, Kolkata[17]
IndiGo Ahmedabad, Bangalore,[18] Chennai, Delhi, Hyderabad, Kolkata, Mumbai[18][19][20]
SpiceJet Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Jaipur,[21] Kolkata, Mumbai[22][23]
Vistara Delhi, Dibrugarh [24]

Accidents and Incidents[edit]

  • 23 May 2008: A MiG-21 of the Indian Air Force had to perform a belly landing due to a technical snag and a jammed landing gear. The aircraft hard landed on the runway causing it to catch fire. The pilot ejected safely.The aircraft was written off subsequently.[25]
  • 5 July 2013: AI879, an A320 arriving from New Delhi swerved off the taxiway while taxiing towards the apron after landing. No injuries were reported. The passengers were immediately de-boarded. The aircraft sustained minor damage and took about 7 hours to bring the stuck aircraft to the taxiiway.[26]
  • 11 July 2014: A mishap was avoided between IndiGo flight 6E472 and Air India flight AI879. Both aircraft received a Traffic Collision Avoidance System warning. Following the Resolution Advisory given by the TCAS the IndiGo flight immediately descended and the Air India flight turned right. Both aircraft landed safely without any injuries.[27]
  • 15 February 2019: An Air Asia India A320 scheduled for a flight from Bagdogra Airport to Kempegowda International Airport damaged its left wing sharklets while backtracking the runway. The two pilots were later suspended for 6 months by the DGCA in view of violating laid down procedures.[28]
  • 16 December 2019: An IndiGo A320neo bound for Kolkata performed an emergency landing in view of engine related issues. The aircraft was using Pratt & Whitney engines. Out of the two engines, one engine was not modified which caused the issue.[29]


  1. ^ "Annexure III - Passenger Data" (PDF). Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  2. ^ "Annexure II - Aircraft Movement Data" (PDF). Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  3. ^ "Annexure IV - Freight Movement Data" (PDF). Retrieved 19 May 2021.
  4. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 22 December 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2016.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  5. ^ a b "Night-landing facility at Bagdogra soon". The Times of India. 16 January 2010. Archived from the original on 9 November 2013. Retrieved 16 January 2010.
  6. ^ "International status to Bagdogra airport hailed". The Times of India. 2 October 2002. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
  7. ^ "Bagdogra backs CM flight path- Tax waiver fuels air traffic growth". The Telegraph (Calcutta). Retrieved 27 July 2015.
  8. ^ "20 Wing, Indian Air Force - Database". Bharat Rakshak. Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  9. ^ "Why Bhutan is special to India". The Hindu. Special Correspondent. 1 July 2017. ISSN 0971-751X. Retrieved 22 October 2021.{{cite news}}: CS1 maint: others (link)
  10. ^ Indiablooms. "Air Force Station Bagdogra celebrates Kargil Vijay Diwas | Indiablooms - First Portal on Digital News Management". Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  11. ^ "Bagdogra airport set for expansion". Retrieved 18 December 2021.
  12. ^ Niyogi, Subhro (18 January 2022). "14-day Closure Of Bagdogra Airport For Runway Repairs | Kolkata News - Times of India". The Times of India. Retrieved 17 April 2022.
  13. ^ "AirAsia India Launches New Daily Direct Flights From Bangalore To Bagdogra at Rs 2,999 Only. Booking Details Here". Retrieved 7 August 2018.
  14. ^ "Route Map of AirAsia India".
  15. ^ "Route Map of Air India".
  16. ^ "Budget airline GoAir rebrands as Go First".
  17. ^ "Go Air Route Map and Destinations".
  18. ^ a b "New Flights Information, Status & Schedule | IndiGo".
  19. ^ "Flight Schedule for Domestic & International Flights". IndiGo. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
  20. ^ "IndiGo Airlines Route Map and Destinations".
  21. ^ "Bagdogra Tourism". Retrieved 22 October 2021.
  22. ^ "Flight schedule". SpiceJet. Retrieved 12 June 2021.
  23. ^ "Spicejet Route Map and Destinations".
  24. ^ "Vistara expands its wings to Dibrugarh, connects this Assam city with Delhi, Bagdogra." Financial Express. Accessed 1 March 2019.
  25. ^ "MiG 21 crashes in Bengal, pilot safe". Hindustan Times. 23 May 2008. Archived from the original on 12 September 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  26. ^ "Flight skids off taxiway - Air India plane stuck at bagdogra for 7 hrs". The Telegraph. 6 June 2013. Archived from the original on 12 September 2021. Retrieved 12 September 2021.
  27. ^ "Mishap avoided at Bagdogra airport as Indigo and Air India flight avoid collision". News18 India. 11 July 2014. Archived from the original on 13 September 2021. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  28. ^ "DGCA suspends two AirAsia India pilots for violation". The Economic Times. 11 July 2019. Archived from the original on 18 November 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2021.
  29. ^ "IndiGo A320neo flight diverted to Bagdogra due to engine glitch". Mint. 16 December 2019. Archived from the original on 16 December 2019. Retrieved 13 September 2021.

External links[edit]