Bageshri

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Bageshri
ThaatKafi[citation needed]
TypeAudava-Sampurna
Time of dayAround midnight[1]
ArohanaS   D  
Avarohana  D   R S
PakadD n s, m, m P D, m g R S
VadiMa
SamavadiSa
SynonymVagishvari[1]
SimilarRageshri
Bageshri

Bageshri (IAST: Bāgeshrī) is a Hindustani classical raga. It is a popular raga of the late night, which is meant to depict the emotion of a woman waiting for reunion with her lover. It is said to have been first sung by Mian Tansen, the celebrated court singer of the Emperor Akbar in the sixteenth century[citation needed].

In the twentieth century, Bageshri raga found widespread popularity in Carnatic Music.

Theory[edit]

The theoretical aspects of Bageshri are as follows:

Scale[edit]

Arohana : S   D  [a][1]
Avarohana :   D   R S[b][1]

Vadi & Samavadi[edit]

Vadi : Madhyam (Ma)
Samavadi: Shadaj (Sa)

Pakad or Chalan[edit]

D n s, m, m P D, m g R S

Varjit Swara - R P in Aaroh
Jati : - Odhav Sampoorna

Organization & Relationships[edit]

Thaat: Kafi

Samay (Time)[edit]

The time for this raaga is madhya raatri (middle of the night).

Carnatic music[edit]

Bageshri
Mela22nd, Kharaharapriya
ArohanamS G₂ M₁ D₂ N₂ 
Avarohanam N₂ D₂ N₂ P M₁ G₂ R₂ S

In the twentieth century, Bageshri raga found widespread popularity in Carnatic Music, in which it is said to be derived from the equivalent Melakarta of Kafi thaat, the 22nd Melakarta called Kharaharapriya.[2] This raga is a janya raga (derived) as it does not have all the seven notes in the ascending scale.

Structure and Lakshana[edit]

Bageshri is an asymmetric scale that does not contain panchamam or rishabam in the ascending scale. It is called a audava-sampurna rāgam,[2] in Carnatic music classification (as it has 5 notes in ascending and 7 notes in descending scale). Its ārohaṇa-avarohaṇa structure is as follows (see swaras in Carnatic music for details on below notation and terms):

This scale uses the notes shadjam, chathusruti rishabham, sadharana gandharam, shuddha madhyamam, panchamam, chathusruthi dhaivatham and kaisiki nishadam.

Popular compositions[edit]

Bageshri has become a popular raga in Carnatic music.[2] It is pleasing but the Carnatic version of the scale does not give much scope for elaboration (alapana).[2] This scale has been used in a few krithis (compositions). In addition, many devaranamas, ashtapadis, thiruppugazhs, and other lyrics have been set to tune in this raga. It is typically sung in concerts after the main piece, in viruttams, padams, bhajans and ragamalika.[2]

Here are some popular compositions in Bageshri.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Carnatic: S G₂ M₂ D₂ N₂ 
    • Western: C D# F# A A# C
  2. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Carnatic:  N₂ D₂ M₂ G₂ R₂ S
    • Western: C A# A F# D# D C
  3. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani: S  M D  
    • Western: C D# F A A# C
  4. ^ Alternate notations:
    • Hindustani:   D  P M  R S
    • Western: C A# A A# G F D# D C

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Bor & Rao 1999.
  2. ^ a b c d e Ragas in Carnatic music by Dr. S. Bhagyalekshmy, Pub. 1990, CBH Publications

Sources[edit]

  • Bor, Joep; Rao, Suvarnalata (1999). The Raga Guide: A Survey of 74 Hindustani Ragas. Nimbus Records with Rotterdam Conservatory of Music. p. 26. ISBN 9780954397609.

External links[edit]