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|Elevation||1,038 m (3,406 ft)|
Bagh District (Urdu: ضلع باغ ) is one of the eight districts of Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Pakistan. The district, which had been part of Poonch District, was created in 1988. The district is bounded by Muzaffarabad District to the north, Poonch district to the south, and Poonch district of the Indian-administered Jammu and Kashmir to the east; it is bounded by the Punjab, Rawalpindi District and Abbottabad District of Pakistan's North-West Frontier Province to the west. The total area of the district is 1,368 square kilometers. Bagh District is linked to Muzaffarabad by two roads, one via Sudhan Gali (80 km) and the other through Kohala (97 km). It is situated 46 km from Rawalakot. Bagh District was created with three sub-divisions, namely Dhirkot, Bagh and Haveli, with its headquarters at Bagh. It is said that a bagh (garden) was set up by the landowner where the premises of the Forest Department are now located. As a result, the area that is now the district headquarters was named “Bagh”.
There is an archaeological site located in Bagh called Bagh Fort.
Geography and climate
Topographically, the entire Bagh district is a mountainous area, generally sloping from northeast to south-west. The area falls in the lesser Himalayas zone. The main range in the district is Pir- Panjal. The Haji-Pir Pass is situated at the height of 3421 meters above sea level. The general elevation is between 1500 and 2500 meters above sea level. The mountains are generally covered with coniferous forests. Mahl Nala, in the Bagh sub-division, and Betar Nala, in the Haveli sub-division, are the two main streams. However, numerous other rivulets flow in the district.
The climate of the district varies with altitude. The temperature generally remains between 2 °C to 40 °C. The main eastern part of the district is very cold in winter and moderate in summer. However, the lower valleys, the localities bordering Bagh at Kohala and its adjoining areas (Mongbajri and Ajra-Bagh) remain cold in winter and hot in summer. May, June and July are the hottest months. Maximum and minimum temperatures during the month of June are about40 °C and 22 °C respectively. December, January and February are the coldest months. The maximum temperature in January is about 16 °C and minimum temperature is 3 °C respectively. Annual rainfall is about 1500 millimeters.
The total population of the district according to the 1998 census was 395,000, which is estimated to have increased to 434,000 in 2013, with an annual growth rate of 2%.
Economy and resources
Some of the main settlements in the district are:
- Hullar Syeddan
- Sar Syeddan
- Padhar Syeddan
- Kana Mohri
- Kotayri Toglo Khan
- Bagh Fort
- Kotteri Najam Khan
- Neela Butt
- Sudhan Gali
- Las Danna
- Panjal Mastan
- Bagh City
- Niki Kare
2005 earthquake in relation to Bagh district
The city of Bagh, like other areas of the district, was heavily damaged in the 2005 Kashmir earthquake. Sixty percent of the buildings collapsed. Thousands of people died and many more found themselves homeless. In the aftermath of the earthquake, NATO came to the district to help with reconstruction and clearing. There was a report that an entire village was wiped out in the district. The U.S., through Pakistan, distributed vouchers so people could buy water and food.
- Website about the District
- Bagh Azad Kashmir Web Portal
- District Profile - Bagh Earthquake Reconstruction & Rehabilitation Authority (ERRA) 2007