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Baghaberd Fortress
Syunik Province, Armenia
Fortification walls of Baghaberd.
Baghaberd Fortress is located in Armenia
Baghaberd Fortress
Baghaberd Fortress
Baghaberd Fortress is located in Syunik Province
Baghaberd Fortress
Baghaberd Fortress
Coordinates39°12′53″N 46°16′39″E / 39.214849°N 46.277611°E / 39.214849; 46.277611
Site information
Open to
the public
ConditionRamparts and several towers are still mostly intact.
Site history
Built4th century
Built byBaghak of Sisak Nahapet
Battles/warsPrince Andovk of Syunik's victory over the Persian King Shapur II in the 4th century.
Captured in 1170 by the Seljuq Turks
EventsBecame the last capital of the Syunik kingdom in the 12th century.

Baghaberd (Armenian: Բաղաբերդ; also David Bek's Castle) is a 4th to 12th century Armenian fortress located along a ridge overlooking the Voghji River, 14 kilometres (9 mi) northwest of the city of Kapan in the Syunik Province of Armenia. Baghaberd is at an elevation of 1,438 metres (4,718 ft).[1]


Baghaberd is thought to have been built in the 4th century by Baghak of Sisak Nahapet. According to Stepanos Orbelian's History of the Province of Syunik (Patmutyun Nahangin Sisakan), in the mid-4th century Prince Andovk, the hereditary lord of Syunik, attacked and plundered one of the cities of the Persian Sassanid King Shapur II (309-379) while the king was at war with the Huns. King Shapur II was furious about the incident and took his armies to Syunik to defeat the prince. Andovk and his troops went to Baghaberd with a large supply of provisions and waited. Once the king's forces arrived at the fortress, Andovk and his men defeated three of Shapur's military units by rolling rocks down the cliffside upon them.

Prince Andovk soon fled to Constantinople and his subjects scattered. When he arrived, he was given honors by the Emperor Theodosius I showered him with great honors.

Baghaberd became the last capital of the Armenian Syunik kingdom after the destruction of the nearby city of Kapan by the Turks in the year 1103. In 1170, the fortress was captured by the Seljuk Turks.



  1. ^ "Baghaberd Altitude and Location". Archived from the original on 2020-10-26. Retrieved 2014-09-13.

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