University of Baghdad
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|Motto||وقل رب زدني علما|
|President||Alaa Abdulhussein Abdulrasool|
Both University of Baghdad and Baghdad University are used interchangeably.
The College of Islamic Sciences claims that it originated in 1067 A.D. as Abu-Haneefa. However, the College of Law, the earliest of the modern institutions that were to become the first constituent Colleges (i.e. Faculties) of the University of Baghdad, was founded in 1908. The College of Engineering was established in 1921; the Higher Teachers Training College and the Lower College of Education in 1923, the College of Medicine in 1927, and the College of Pharmacy in 1936. In 1942, the first higher institution for girls, Queen Alia College, was established. In 1943, proposals for further new Colleges appeared, leading to the foundation of the College of Arts and the College of Science in 1949, and Abu Ghraib College of Agriculture in 1950.
In 1922, a scheme had been initiated by the King for the organisation of a university at Bab al-Mu’azzam, but there were insufficient students qualified for admission. Nonetheless, a start was made on the creation of the university with the building of the Theological College. In January 1925, however, the Engineering School was transferred to the vacant upper floor of the Theological College building. In 1935, the Monroe Commission had argued that Iraq was not ready for a university, and the next attempt to establish a University did not commence until 1945. Then the ‘Morgan Report’ was prepared for the Iraqi government in 1947 by a senior member of the British Council’s staff. In 1948, however, the British Council’s proposals were rejected in favour of a plan drawn up by the Ministry, but no action followed. In May 1953, the British Council sponsored a further visit to Baghdad by a group of British university professors to give encouragement, once again, to the establishment of a university.
However, the first university in the country, Al-Hikma University, was founded by the American Roman Catholic Fathers (Jesuits) in 1956. In the same year, the government announced plans to amalgamate the existing state funded Colleges, enacting Royal decree number 60 of 1956 to establish the University of Baghdad. Its first President was appointed by Royal decree in 1957, and it commenced operations in 1958. Following the Ba’athist coup, in autumn 1968, Al Hikma University was taken over by the state and integrated into Baghdad University.
A new university campus was commissioned by the Royal Government of Iraq in the late 1950s and situated near the Tigris river. Its buildings were designed by Walter Gropius, Louis McMillen and Robert McMillan of The Architects Collaborative, who commenced their master plan in the 1950s for a new university campus for the Colleges of Engineering, Sciences and Liberal Arts for a total of 6,800 students.
The campus was expanded in 1982 to accommodate 20,000 students plus support facilities. Architect Hisham N. Ashkouri and Robert Owen developed the full academic space program for the entire campus.
- Dr. Matti Aqrawi - 5 /10/1957- 1 /8 /1958
- Dr. Abdul Jabbar Abdullah - 19/3 /1959 - 8 /3 /1963
- Dr. Abed Al-Azeez Al-Duri - 10/2 /1963 -27/11/1965 and 10/9 /1966 - 7 /8 /1968
- Dr. Jassem Mohammad Al-Kallaf - 9 /9 /1968 - 8 /8 /1970
- Dr. Abed Allatif Al-Badry - 8 /8 /1970 - 1 /3 /1971
- Dr. Saad Abed Al-Bakki Al-Rawi - 15/6 /1971 - 23/1 /1974
- Dr. Taha Ibrahim Al-Abdalla - 14/3 /1974 - 15/10/1977
- Dr. Sulttan Abed Al-Kader Al-Shawi - 18/10/1977 - 1 /3 /1978
- Dr. Taha Tayh Diab Al-Ne'ami - 30/6 /1980 - 27/12/1990
- Dr. Adil Shakir Al-Tai - 10/7/1990 - 28/2/1991
- Dr. Khidir Jasim Al-Duri - 1/3/1991 - 10/11/1993
- Dr. Abed Al-Iillah Yossif Al-Kashab - 14/11/1993 - 7 /6 /2001
- Dr. Mohammad Abed Allah Falah Al-Rawi - 12/6 /2001 - 30/4 /2003
- Dr. Sammi Abed Al-Mahdi Al-Mudaffar - 24/5 /2003 - 28/9 /2003
- Dr. Musa Juwad Aziz Al-Musawi - 2003– 20/11/2012
- Dr. Alaa Abdulrasool Alkashwan- 20/11/2012–present.
Campuses and colleges
- College of Engineering
- Al-Khwarizmi College of Engineering
- College of Science
- College of Political Science
- College of Physical Education
- College of Science for Women
- College of Education for Women
- Institute of Laser for Postgraduate Studies
- Institute of Urban and Regional Planning
- Institute of Genetic Engineering
- Institute of Accounting & Financial Studies
- college of agricultural
Bab Al-Muadham campus
- College of Medicine
- College of Dentistry
- College of Pharmacy
- College of Nursing
- College of Education - Ibn Rushd
- College of Arts
- College of Languages
- College of Information
- College of Islamic Sciences
- College of Physical Education for Women
- College of Law
- College of Administration, Business and Economy
- College of Education - Ibn Al-Haytham
- College of Fine Arts
- College of Veterinary
- Al-Kindi College of Medicine
- Mohammed Alkobaisi - Islamic scholar
- Hisham N. Ashkouri - Architect
- Serwan Baban - Minister in the Kurdistan Regional Government
- Abd al-Rahman al-Bazzaz – Former Prime Minister of Iraq
- Emad Zaki Yehya - International Petroleum Consultant & Former President of Reservoir Engineering in the Ministry of Oil
- Saadoun al-Dulaimi - Former Iraqi Defense Minister
- Ghanim Al-Jumaily – Professor of engineering at Southern New Hampshire University; former Ambassador of Iraq to Saudi Arabia
- Ghassan Muhsen – Diplomat and artist
- Ahmad Obeidat - Former Prime Minister of Jordan
- Sinan Al Shabibi - Former Governor of the Central Bank of Iraq
- Rihab Taha - Biological Weapons Chief
- Jalal Talabani - Former President of Iraq
- Abdurrahman Wahid – President of Indonesia
- Donny George Youkhanna – Archaeologist
- Muntadhar al-Zaidi - Journalist
- Hashim Jasin - Spiritual leader (Shura Council) of Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party, Islamist political party in Malaysia
Notable development consultants
- Cyril Saunders, UNESCO Library Development consultant, 1952–1955
- Harold Bonny, UNESCO Library Development consultant, 1957–58
- Donald Powell (University of Arizona), USAid/ICA Library Development consultant at Abu Ghraib College, 1957
- William S. Dix (Librarian, University of Princeton), Ford Foundation Library Development consultant, 1958
- Des Raj Kalia, UNESCO Library Development consultant, 1959–1960
- Stephen Ford (University of Michigan) and Paul Kebabian (New York Public Library), Ford Foundation Library Development consultants, 1961-1962.
- Rudolph Gjelsness (Professor and Head of the Department of Library Science, University of Michigan), Ford Foundation Library Development consultant, 1962–1963
- David T. Wilder (University Librarian, University of Michigan – Oakland), Ford Foundation Library Development consultant, 1965–66
- Anand P. Srivastava (Head of the Department of Library Science, University of Rajasthan), UNESCO consultant, Graduate School of Library Science, 1968–1973
- Khalil M. H. Al-Shamma', Former Dean, College of Administration, Business and Economy, Reorganization of the University of Baghdad and The Higher Education sector, 1969, Donated his rich personal library with its complete furniture to the Central Library of the University of Baghdad /Al-Jadriya Campus 2012
- "University of Baghdad". Top Universities. 2015-07-16. Retrieved 2018-09-26.
- "College of Islamic Sciences". University of Baghdad. Retrieved 14 July 2014.
- Ala, Hamoudi, Haider (2005). "Toward a Rule of Law Society in Iraq: Introducing Clinical Legal Education into Iraqi Law Schools". Berkeley Journal of International Law. 23 (1). doi:10.15779/z38q06r.
- "Walter Gropius's lost architectural dream for Iraq - The Boston Globe". BostonGlobe.com. Retrieved 2018-09-26.
- Coughlan, Sean (2018-09-26). "Baghdad University makes global ranking". BBC News. Retrieved 2018-09-26.
- Keane, Lauren; Bourque, Audrey (September 29, 2017). "Launching the College of Engineering, Technology, and Aeronautics". SNHU. Retrieved October 9, 2017.
- "Ghanim Al-Jumaily, Ambassador of Iraq to Japan". UN Institute for Training and Research. Retrieved October 10, 2017.