View along Coventry Road, Baginton, with the Coventry city centre skyline about 4 miles away in the distance.
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Baginton is a village and civil parish in the Warwick district of Warwickshire, England, and has a common border with the City of Coventry / West Midlands county. With a population of 801 (2001 Census), Baginton village is 4 miles (6.5 km) south of central Coventry, 4.5 miles (7 km) northeast of Kenilworth (its post town) and 7 miles (11.25 km) north of Leamington Spa. The population had reduced slightly to 755 at the 2011 Census. The Lucy Price playing field is situated centrally in the village.
Geography and administration
Coventry Airport (built 1936), the Lunt Roman Fort and the ancient "Baginton oak" tree are within the village, whilst the Midland Air Museum is just outside Baginton. The road from Baginton to southern Coventry (the city's Finham district) passes over the River Sowe near an old mill, which now is inhabited by a restaurant and hotel called The Old Mill. Baginton is often misspelt / mispronounced as 'Bagington'.
The Domesday Book of 1086 records that in the 11th century, Baginton consisted of 15 households and a mill.
In December 2019, Roman and Anglo-Saxon artifacts, including pottery, jugs, and jewelry, were unearthed from burial grounds by archaeologists led by Nigel Page. The team of researchers believed that two of the graves belonged to a "high-status" rank officer and a Roman girl aged 6-12 years old. Findings from the Roman cremation burial site of a young girl included four brooches, a ring with an image of a cicada and a hair pin.
Baginton is the site of Coventry Airport, which lies just southeast of the village. First opened in 1936 as Baginton Aerodrome, it has been used for general aviation, flight training and commercial freight and passenger flights. It had a grass surface for aeroplanes to land and take off. With the Second World War it became a fighter airfield. By October 1941, No. 308 Polish Fighter Squadron was located at Baginton. The Midland Air Museum on Rowley Road is adjacent to the northern boundary of Coventry Airport.
The remains of the ancient Roman Lunt Fort have been found in Baginton on the north side of the village. Parts of the fort were reconstructed in the 1970s, and it has become a popular site for school visits, as well as holding activity days during the summer. The Church of St John the Baptist is situated in the old part of Baginton. A scenic footpath starts near the church and leads to Stoneleigh. Baginton is the site of an old oak tree which is often called the Baginton oak. It is about 300–350 years old and is thought to be one of the oldest trees in Warwickshire. A nearby public house is called The Oak.
Henry Percy was imprisoned at Baginton Castle following his son Harry Hotspur's defeat at the Battle of Shrewsbury. The ruin that can be seen is of a late fourteenth-century house, but it is not well known due to its location in an area of woodland on private land. If Baginton Castle did exist here before this house, there is no sign of its ruins. Baginton Castle and Fish Ponds constitute a Scheduled Monument. The vestiges of the castle are a Grade II listed building. The site was opened to the public in 2009.
The ruins of a fourteenth-century house, possibly also the site of the former Baginton Castle
- AA Street by Street. Coventry Rugby (2nd edition (May 2003) ed.). AA Publishing. pp. 53–4. ISBN 0-7495-3973-9.
- "Civil Parish population 2011". Archived from the original on 23 December 2015. Retrieved 23 December 2015.
- "Roman and Anglo-Saxon Graves Uncovered in England - Archaeology Magazine". www.archaeology.org. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- "'Breathtaking' Roman artefacts found near airport". BBC News. 25 December 2019. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- Joel Day (29 December 2019). "Archaeology shock: Ancient Roman and Anglo-Saxon artefacts found near UK airport". Express.co.uk. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
- Evans, Ann. "Remember when: Sheep grazed quietly in Baginton's lanes", Coventry Telegraph, 13 January 2004
- James Hutchison, "Thomas, Forest Frederic Edward Yeo-(1902–1964)", rev. Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004; online edn, Jan 2010
- Bean, J. M. W. (2004). "Percy, Henry, first earl of Northumberland (1341–1408)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press.
- Historic England. "Baginton Castle, associated settlement remains, ponds and mill sites (1011193)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- Historic England. "Ruins of Castle 160 yards west of Church of St John (Grade II) (1035269)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 21 January 2018.
- "Bagot's Castle". Retrieved 19 September 2019.