Baglung District

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Baglung District

बागलुङ जिल्ला
Baglung district location.png
CountryNepal
ProvinceGandaki Pradesh
Admin HQ.Baglung
Government
 • TypeCoordination committee
 • BodyDCC, Baglung
Area
 • Total1,784 km2 (689 sq mi)
Population
(2011)
 • Total268,613[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:45 (NPT)
Main Language(s)Nepali
WebsiteOfficial Website

Baglung District (Nepali: बागलुङ जिल्ला About this soundListen ), a part of Gandaki Pradesh, is one of the seventy-seven districts of Nepal. The district, with Baglung as its district headquarters, covers an area of 1,784 km² and has a population (2011) of 268,613.[1]

Introduction[edit]

Baglung is surrounded by Parbat, Myagdi, Rukum, Rolpa, Pyuthan and Gulmi districts. It has 59 Village Development Committees and one Municipality. Baglung has a moniker of "District of suspension bridges" as there are numerous suspension bridges. It is a hilly district, most of the population settled in the sides of the rivers. Fertile plains situated in the either sides of the rivers are used for farming. Headquarters of Baglung District is Baglung Municipality which is located on a plateau overlooking the holy - Kali Gandaki. Like Nepal, Baglung is also diverse in religion, culture, ethnicity, altitude, temperature etc. Hinduism and Buddhism are the major religions. Magar, Chhetri, Brahman, Newar, Gurung, Chhantyal and Thakali are the major ethnic groups living in Baglung.[citation needed]

Baglung is rich in herbal medicinal plants. Rice, Corn, Millet, Wheat and Potato are the major crops of Baglung. Small scale mining mostly for Iron and Copper was a major activity in Baglung in the past. However, due to economics of operating small mines most have closed since. Slate mining remains the most widespread form of mining in present times. Slate mined in Baglung is considered excellent for roofing.[citation needed]

Baglung Municipality, Hatiya- Galkot and Burtibang are the main trading centers of Baglung. Galkot, Kusma and Burtibang are connected with the district headquarters Baglung Bazaar by roads. Baglung is served by Nepal Electricity Authority and various small local hydropower plants. Recently, telephone has been accessible in almost all villages of Baglung. Baglung is considered to be one of the politically most conscious districts and it plays a significant role in the Nepali politics.

Geography and Climate[edit]

Highest temperature at the lowest elevation of baglung rises up to about 37.5 degrees Celsius in summer and the lowest temperature at Dhorpatan falls up to about −15 degrees Celsius in winter. The elevation of Baglung varies from about 650 meters at Kharbang to about 4,300 meters in Dhorpatan.

Climate Zone[2] Elevation Range % of Area
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
 2.8%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
37.1%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
39.4%
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
18.6%
Alpine 4,000 to 5,000 meters
13,100 to 16,400 ft.
 2.1%

Administration[edit]

The district consists of 11 Municipalities, out of which four are urban municipalities and six are rural municipalities. These are as follows:[3]

Former Village Development Committees[edit]

Prior to the restructuring of the district, Baglung consisted of the following municipalities and Village development committees:

2015 Nepal earthquake[edit]

The district was moderately affected by an April 2015 Nepal earthquake. Many old buildings sustained damages and a few collapsed. Since then many of the buildings have been rebuilt by the owners.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved November 2012. Check date values in: |accessdate= (help)
  2. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013
  3. ^ "स्थानिय तह" (in Nepali). Ministry of Federal Affairs and General Administration. Retrieved 1 September 2018.

Coordinates: 28°16′N 83°36′E / 28.267°N 83.600°E / 28.267; 83.600