Bagnath Temple

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Bagnath Temple
Bagnath Temple in Bageshwar
Bagnath Temple in Bageshwar
Name
Devanagari बागनाथ मंदिर
Geography
Coordinates 29°50′12″N 79°49′21″E / 29.83667°N 79.82250°E / 29.83667; 79.82250Coordinates: 29°50′12″N 79°49′21″E / 29.83667°N 79.82250°E / 29.83667; 79.82250
Country India
State Uttarakhand
District Bageshwar
Location Bageshwar
Elevation 1,004 m (3,294 ft)
Culture
Primary deity Lord Shiva
Important festivals Diwali , Shiv ratri and Uttarayani Fair
Architecture
Architectural styles nagara
Number of temples 1
History and governance
Date built 1450
Creator Laxmi Chand

Bagnath Temple (hi: बागनाथ मंदिर) is an ancient shrine dedicated to Lord Shiva. It is situated in the Bageshwar city at the confluence of Saryu and Gomati Rivers.[1][2] Bagnath Temple is festooned with bells of all sizes and features impressive carvings.[3] It is the most famous Temple in Bageshwar District.[4] It is flooded with devotees on the occasion of Shivratri.[5] The city of Bageshwar gets its name from this Temple.[6][7]

Geography[edit]

Bagnath Temple is located at 29.8370° N, 79.7725° E.[8] The temple is situated in Bageshwar City[9] in Bageshwar District[10] in the Indian state of Uttarakhand. It is situated at the confluence of Saryu and Gomati rivers. It has an Elevation of 1004 m above mean sea level.

History[edit]

According to Hindu Legend, Sage Markandeya worshipped Lord Shiva here.[11] Lord Shiva blessed sage Markandeya by visiting here in the form of a Tiger.[11]

Though some sources state The existence of Bagnath temple since 7th Century,[7] the present building in nagara style was built in 1450 by Chand ruler, Laxmi Chand.[6][12][13] The various statues in the temple date back from 7th century AD to 16th century AD.[14] The significance of the temple finds mention in the Skanda Purana.[14] Hindu Pilgrims file in throughout the year to worship here.[3] A water police post was opened in the premises of the temple on 19 September 2016for patrolling and prevention of water crimes in the city.[1]

Festivals and Religious Practices[edit]

The Uttarayani fair is held in the month of January every year on the occasion of Makar Sankranti.[6][14] The religious ritual of the fair consists in bathing before daybreak at the confluence.[15][16] After Bathing, an offering of water to Lord Shiva inside the Temple is essential.[15] Those who are more religiously disposed, continue this practice for three days in succession, which is known as "Trimaghi".[15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Singh, Kautilya; Chakrabarty, Arpita (21 September 2016). "Water police post opens in Bageshwar to tackle drowning incidents, crimes". Almora: The Times of India. TNN. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  2. ^ "Bagnath temple". travelomy.com. 
  3. ^ a b Singh, Sarina. India. Ediz. Inglese. Lonely Planet. p. 498. ISBN 9781742203478. 
  4. ^ Kumar, Brajesh. Pilgrimage Centres of India. Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd. p. 96. ISBN 9788171821853. 
  5. ^ "Terror threat fails to deter devotees". Dehradun: The Tribune. Press Trust of India. 7 March 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  6. ^ a b c Nag, Prithvish. Tourism and Trekking in Nainital Region. Concept Publishing Company. p. 83. ISBN 9788170227694. 
  7. ^ a b Kasniyal, B D (15 May 2016). "Development gains elude Kumaon's holy place". Pithoragarh: The Tribune. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  8. ^ "Bagnath Temple (Shri Bagnathji) Complex". wikimapia.org. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  9. ^ Chamaria, Pradeep. Kailash Manasarovar on the Rugged Road to Revelation. Abhinav Publications. p. 83. ISBN 9788170173366. 
  10. ^ Sharma, Dr Shiv. India - A Travel Guide. Diamond Pocket Books (P) Ltd. p. 260. ISBN 9788128400674. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  11. ^ a b "बाघ और गाय बनकर इस संगम पर घूमते थे भगवान शिव और पार्वती". Dehradun: Amar Ujala. 30 May 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  12. ^ Guides, Rough. The Rough Guide to India. Rough Guides Limited. ISBN 9780241295397. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  13. ^ "Bagnath Temple (Bageshwar)". onlytravelguide.com. 
  14. ^ a b c District Census Handbook: Bageshwar (PDF) (Series-6 Part XII-B ed.). Dehradun: Directorate of Census Operations, Uttarakhand. 2011. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  15. ^ a b c Pant, Shiva Darshan. The Social Economy of the Himalayans: Based on a Survey in the Kumaon Himalayas. Mittal Publications. p. 197. Retrieved 15 October 2016. 
  16. ^ "Choliya dances enthrall at Bageshwar mela". Almora: The Times of India. TNN. 14 June 2016. Retrieved 15 October 2016.