Bagnell Dam

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Bagnell Dam
UserKTrimble-AP of Bagnell Dam MO 2011-03-01.jpg
Bagnell Dam
Country United States
Location Missouri
Coordinates 38°12′08″N 92°37′37″W / 38.20222°N 92.62694°W / 38.20222; -92.62694Coordinates: 38°12′08″N 92°37′37″W / 38.20222°N 92.62694°W / 38.20222; -92.62694
Purpose Hydroelectric
Construction began 1929
Opening date 1931
Owner(s) AmerenUE
Dam and spillways
Type of dam Concrete gravity
Impounds Osage River
Height (foundation) 148 ft (45 m)[1]
Length 2,543 ft (775 m)[1]
Spillway type Gated overflow[1]
Reservoir
Creates Lake of the Ozarks
Total capacity 1,927,000 acre·ft (2.377 km3)[2]
Active capacity 468,000 acre·ft (0.577 km3)[3]
Catchment area 13,944 sq mi (36,110 km2)[3]
Surface area 54,000 acres (22,000 ha)[3]
Normal elevation 660 ft (200 m) max[3]
Power station
Name Osage Powerplant
Type Conventional
Hydraulic head 90 ft (27 m)[3]
Turbines Main: 8x 21.5 MW (33,500 HP) Francis [1]
Station service: 2x 2.0 MW (3,025 HP) Francis[3]
Installed capacity 176.0 MW[1]
220 MW (overload)[3]
Annual generation 957,340,000 KWh[4]
Bagnell Dam and Osage Power Plant
Location 617 River Rd., Lakeside, Missouri
Area 6 acres (2.4 ha)
Built 1931
Architectural style Other, Gravity Dam
NRHP Reference # 08000822[5]
Added to NRHP August 27, 2008

Bagnell Dam impounds the Osage River in the U.S. state of Missouri, creating the Lake of the Ozarks. The 148-foot (45 m) tall concrete gravity dam was built by the Union Electric Company (now AmerenUE) for the purpose of hydroelectric power generation as its Osage Powerplant. It is 2,543 feet (775 m) long, including a 520-foot (160 m) long spillway and a 511-foot (156 m) long power station. The facility with eight generators has a maximum capacity of 215 megawatts.

Etymology[edit]

The dam derives its name from Bagnell, Missouri at the dam site which preceded the dam. It in turn derives its name from William Bagnell, who platted the town in 1883.[6] A variant name is the "Osage Dam".[7]

Geography[edit]

Bagnell Dam

The dam is located in the city of Lakeside in Miller County, near the Camden-Miller County line.

History[edit]

Construction started on the dam in 1929 and was completed in 1931. The resulting reservoir, the Lake of the Ozarks, has a surface area of 55,000 acres (22,000 ha), over 1,150 miles (1,850 km) of shoreline (1850 km), and stretches 94 miles (151 km) from end to end. At the time of construction it was one of the largest man-made lakes in the world and the largest in the United States.

The concept of a hydro electric power plant on the Osage River was first introduced by a Kansas City developer as long ago as 1912. Ralph Street managed to put together the funding to construct a dam across the Osage River and began building roads, railroads and support structures necessary to begin construction of a dam that would impound a much smaller lake than what is now known as Lake of the Ozarks. Sometime in the mid-1920s, Street’s funding dried up and he had to abandon the idea of the first hydroelectric power plant on the Osage River.

Upon Street’s failure to deliver the power plant, Union Electric Power and Light stepped in with an engineering firm from Boston, Massachusetts, and designed and constructed Bagnell Dam in one of the most unlikely spots along the Osage River. Many thought the $30 million project would be a disaster with the stock market crash of 1929, but it proved to be a boost to many families in the area as well as the hundreds who traveled across the country seeking work. By today’s standards, all construction was done by hand, and the equipment used in the construction was quite primitive. The construction of Bagnell Dam was completed and Lake of the Ozarks was a full reservoir in fewer than two years.[8]

The stock market crash of 1929, which precipitated the Great Depression occurred just months after construction began on Bagnell Dam. The project employed thousands of laborers, providing a large economic boost to the rural area around the dam and to the state as a whole at a time when jobs were scarce.

Floodgates[edit]

Construction of the dam allowed for thirteen floodgates, as the original design called for. However, only twelve floodgates were installed, and the thirteenth spillway opening is walled shut with concrete. The engineers calculated that twelve floodgates provided a large enough margin of safety. It may be apocryphal that Union Electric officials did not want to jinx the dam with the unlucky number 13.[citation needed]

Taum Sauk pumped storage plant[edit]

AmerenUE remotely operates the Taum Sauk pumped storage plant from its control room at Bagnell Dam.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Bagnell Dam Facts and Figures". The Lake Area History Pages. Retrieved 2016-02-24. 
  2. ^ "Hydrology". Missouri Department of Conservation. Retrieved 2016-02-24. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g "Bagnell Dam and Osage Power Plant: Osage Power Plant Station" (PDF). Historic American Engineering Record. U.S. Library of Congress. Retrieved 2016-02-24. 
  4. ^ "Osage (2106)". Carbon Monitoring for Action. Retrieved 2016-02-24. 
  5. ^ Staff (2010-07-09). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  6. ^ The Story Of Bagnell
  7. ^ U.S. Geological Survey Geographic Names Information System: Bagnell Dam
  8. ^ Lake of the Ozarks, Missouri, the premier vacation spot in the Midwest

External links[edit]