Bagneux, Allier

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Site of the Belleperche Fort
Site of the Belleperche Fort
Coat of arms of Bagneux
Coat of arms
Location of Bagneux
Bagneux is located in France
Bagneux is located in Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes
Coordinates: 46°39′30″N 3°12′23″E / 46.6583°N 3.2064°E / 46.6583; 3.2064Coordinates: 46°39′30″N 3°12′23″E / 46.6583°N 3.2064°E / 46.6583; 3.2064
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Yves Veniat
24.87 km2 (9.60 sq mi)
 • Density13/km2 (33/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
03015 /03460
Elevation192–262 m (630–860 ft)
(avg. 212 m or 696 ft)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Bagneux is a French commune of the Allier department in the Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region of central France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Bagnolais or Bagnolaises.[1]


Bagneux is located some 30 km (19 mi) south-east of Sancoins and 15 km (9.3 mi) north-west of Moulins. Access to the commune is by the D287 from Couzon in the west which goes to the village. The D101 comes from Aubigny in the north-west and passes through the commune and the village continuing south-east to Montilly. The D13 from Couzon to Montilly passes through the south-west of the commune. The D133 comes from Aurouër in the east and passes through the village before continuing south-west to Agonges. There are several hamlets in the commune: Les Amiel, Saligny, and Ray. There are large forests in the west of the commune with the eastern half mostly farmland.[2]

The Allier river flows north-west along the eastern border of the commune although it does not correspond exactly to the border and small portions of the commune are on the right bank. Many streams rise in the commune and flow eastwards to join the Allier. There are also several small lakes in the commune, both natural and artificial, which feed the streams.[2]

Neighbouring communes and villages[3][edit]


The Chateau of Belleperche, located on the territory of the commune, was besieged in 1370 during the Hundred Years War. Free companies of Gascon mercenaries and marauders working for the English seized it in 1369 and retained as prisoner the Dowager Duchess of Bourbon, Isabella de Valois. The castle was besieged by the troops of the Dukes of Bourbon and Burgundy. The "Free companies" were expelled, but they took the duchess with them as hostage.


Arms of Bagneux

Argent, a band wavy of Azure between in chief a sword of Or with hilt of sable posed in bend, in base an oak leaf Vert also in bend; all cantoned in Gules charged with a tower of Or, port open, masoned and windowed in Sable.


List of Successive Mayors[4]

From To Name Party Position
1838 1842 Jean François Alexandre Théodore Patissier
1898 1908 Jean Baptiste Emile Firmin Boutry
2001 2020 Yves Veniat[5] DVG

(Not all data is known)


In 2013 the commune had 320 inhabitants.[6] The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
425 360 420 483 429 424 403 396 389
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
404 379 369 401 425 482 429 493 468
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
459 455 460 389 388 364 313 324 308
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 2013
328 293 240 234 276 280 264 311 320

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)

Population of Bagneux

Sites and monuments[edit]

  • The Romanesque Church of Saint Paul (12th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[7] The Church contains three items that are registered as historical objects:
    • A Commemorative Plaque for the founding of Masses by Priest François Bouquereau (1679)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[8]
    • A Bronze Bell (1527)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[9]
    • A Processional Cross (13th century)Logo monument historique - noir sans texte.svg[10]
  • The Motte of the vanished fortified castle of Belleperche. This mound is at an altitude of 2,138 m south-east of the Church

Notable people linked to the commune[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

Notes and references[edit]


  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.


  1. ^ Inhabitants of Allier (in French)
  2. ^ a b Google Maps
  3. ^ Géoportail, IGN (in French)
  4. ^ List of Mayors of France (in French)
  5. ^ Re-elected in 2014: "Liste nominative des communes de l'Allier (avec maire, arrondissement et canton)" [Nominative list of communes of Allier (with mayor, arrondissement and canton)] (PDF). Association of Mayors and Presidents of Communities of Allier. 1 April 2015. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 May 2015. Retrieved 13 May 2015.
  6. ^ "Legal populations - Bagneux". INSEE (in French). Retrieved 24 January 2016.
  7. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée PA00092981 Church of Saint Paul (in French)Camera aabb.svg
  8. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM03000023 Commemorative Plaque (in French)
  9. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM03000022 Bronze Bell (in French)
  10. ^ Ministry of Culture, Palissy PM03000021 Processional Cross (in French)Camera aabb.svg