Bagri language

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Bagri
बागड़ी, باگڑی[1]
Bagri.svg
Bagri in Devanagari and Arabic Nastaliq scripts.
Native to
RegionBagar
EthnicityBagri
Native speakers
1,890,815 (2011 census)[2]
2001 Census 2,081,044 speakers of Bagri Rajasthani and Punjabi Bagri.[3]
Devanagari, Arabic Script (Nastaliq)
Language codes
ISO 639-3bgq
Glottologbagr1243

The Bagri language (باگڑی/बागड़ी) is a language that forms a dialect bridge between Haryanvi, Rajasthani, and Punjabi and takes its name from the Bagar tract region of Northwestern India.[4] The speakers are mostly in India, with pockets in the Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar districts of Punjab in Pakistan.

Bagri is a typical Indo-Aryan language akin to Haryanvi, Punjabi and Rajasthani with SOV word order. The most striking phonological feature of Bagri is the presence of three lexical tones: high, mid, and low, akin to Punjabi.[5] The language has a very high (65%) lexical similarity with Haryanvi. According to the 2011 Census, there are 234,227 speakers of Bagri Rajasthani and 1,656,588 speakers of Punjabi Bagri.[6]

Features[edit]

Phonology[edit]

Bagri distinguishes 31 consonants including a retroflex series, 10 vowels, 2 diphthongs and 3 tones.

Declension[edit]

  • There are two numbers: singular and plural.
  • Two genders: masculine and feminine.
  • Three cases: simple, oblique, and vocative. Case marking is partly inflectional and partly postpositional.
  • Nouns are declined according to their final segments.
  • All pronouns are inflected for number and case but gender is distinguished only in the third person singular pronouns.
  • The third person pronouns are distinguished on the proximity/remoteness dimension in each gender.
  • Adjectives are of two types: either ending in /-o/ or not.
  • Cardinal numbers up to ten are inflected.
  • Both present and past participles function as adjectives.

Verbs[edit]

  • There are three tenses and four moods.

Syntax[edit]

  • Sentence types are of traditional nature.[clarification needed]
  • Coordination and subordination are very important in complex sentences.
  • Parallel lexicon are existing and are very important from sociolinguistic point of view.[clarification needed]

Samples[edit]

तेरो

Tero

नाम

nām

के

ke

है

hai

तेरो नाम के है

Tero nām ke hai

What is your name?

किन्नै

kinne

जावै

jāve

है?

hai

किन्नै जावै है?

kinne jāve hai

Where are you going?

इन्नै

inne

ā

इन्नै आ

inne ā

Come here

क्यूकर

kyūkara

है?

hai

क्यूकर है?

kyūkara hai

How are you?

टींगर

ṭīṅgar

टीटणं

ṭīṭaṇ

नां

मार

mār

टींगर टीटणं नां मार

ṭīṅgar ṭīṭaṇ nā mār

Hey kid! Don't waste our time.

तन्नै

tannai

कुचरणीं

kučaraṇīṃ

ही

करनी

karni

है

hai

के?

ke

तन्नै कुचरणीं ही करनी है के?

tannai kučaraṇīṃ hī karni hai ke

Do you only want to disturb things?

बातां

bātāṃ

गा

पीसा

pīsā

लागै

lāgai

है.

hai

बातां गा पीसा लागै है.

bātāṃ gā pīsā lāgai hai

Talking costs money.

मुंह

Munh

करै

kara

जिया

jiyā

बताऊ

batāū

जिसों

jiso

या

or

मुंह

Munh

करै

kara

बताऊ

Batāū

बरगो

bargo

मुंह करै जिया बताऊ जिसों या मुंह करै बताऊ बरगो

Munh kara jiyā batāū jiso or Munh kara Batāū bargo

Your face looks like eggplant.

क्यांमी

kyāmī

राफ

rāpha

चोड़ी

čoṛī

करै

karai

है

hai

रे?

re

क्यांमी राफ चोड़ी करै है रे?

kyāmī rāpha čoṛī karai hai re

Why are you making your mouth as that of a moron?

के

ke

करे

kare

है?

ha

के करे है?

ke kare ha

What are you doing?

रोळो

rollo

है

ha

के

ke

कोई

koī

तेरै

terai

रोळो है के कोई तेरै

rollo ha ke koī terai

Do you have any problem?

तू

too

कठै

kathai

गयैड़ो

gayairo

हो

ho

तू कठै गयैड़ो हो

too kathai gayairo ho

Where did you go?

कठैउं

kaṭhū

आन

ān

लाग

lāga

रह्यो

rahyo

है?

ha

कठैउं आन लाग रह्यो है?

kaṭhū ān lāga rahyo ha

Where are you coming from?

भांडा

bhanda

भांडा

bhanda

Utensils

घोड़ो

Ghodo

होव

hov

जिओं

jiya

घोड़ो होव जिओं

Ghodo hov jiya

Like a horse

कोजवाड़

kojwād

कोजवाड़

kojwād

Embarrassing.

ब्या

bayha

मे

mai

कुन

kun

आयो

aayo

ब्या मे कुन आयो

bayha mai kun aayo

Who came in the marriage?

टावरो

tabaro

के

ke

करो

karo

हो

ho

टावरो के करो हो

tabaro ke karo ho

What are you doing kids?

परनै

parne

बळै

bale

नी

ni

परनै बळै नी

parne bale ni

Go to hell

Work on Bagri[edit]

  • Grierson, G. A. 1908. (Reprint 1968). Linguistic Survey of India. Volume IX, Part II. New Delhi: Motilal Banarasidass
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 1994. Reflexives in Bagri. M.Phil. dissertation. New Delhi: Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 1999. A Descriptive Grammar of Bagri. Ph.D. dissertation. New Delhi: Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 2000a. Limitations of Literacy in Bagri. Nicholas Ostler & Blair Rudes (eds.). Endangered Languages and Literacy. Proceedings of the Fourth FEL Conference. University of North Carolina, Charlotte, 21–24 September 2000
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 2000b. Bagri Grammar. Munich: Lincom Europa (Languages of the World/Materials, 384)
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 2008. Bagri Learners' Reference Grammar. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Northside Publishers
  • Wilson, J. 1883. Sirsa Settlement Report. Chandigarh: Government Press

Gallery[edit]

Regions where Bagri is spoken:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "پاکستان کی 'چھوٹی' زبانیں". BBC News اردو.
  2. ^ "Statement 1: Abstract of speakers' strength of languages and mother tongues - 2011". www.censusindia.gov.in. Office of the Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 7 July 2018.
  3. ^ Census India 2001
  4. ^ "Revised Land and Revenue Settlement of Hisar District 9006-9011" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 May 2017. Retrieved 26 March 2016.
  5. ^ Gusain 2000, p. 14.
  6. ^ Census of India 2011

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gusain, Lakhan (1999). A Descriptive Grammar of Bagri (PhD). Jawaharlal Nehru University. hdl:10603/16847.
  • Gusain, Lakhan (2000). Bagri. Languages of the world. Materials. Munich: LINCOM Europa. ISBN 978-3-89586-398-1.

External links[edit]