Bagri language

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Bagri
बागड़ी
Native to Rajasthan, Haryana and Punjab (including Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar district in Pakistan)
Native speakers
2.1 million (2001)[1]
Census results conflate some speakers with Hindi.[2]
Official status
Official language in
No official status
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bgq
Glottolog bagr1243[3]
A Bagri speaker in Patiala, Punjab

The Bagri language (बागड़ी) forms something of a dialect bridge between Rajasthani, Punjabi and Haryanvi Hindi and takes its name from the Bagar tract region of Northwestern India.[4] It has about two million speakers, mostly in India, with pockets in the Bahawalpur and Bahawalnagar districts of the Punjab in Pakistan.

Bagri is a typical Indo-Aryan language, with SOV word order. The most striking phonological feature of Bagri is the presence of three lexical tones: high, mid and low.[5] The language has a very high (65%) lexical similarity with Haryanvi.

Features[edit]

Phonology[edit]

Bagri distinguishes 31 consonants including a retroflex series, 10 vowels, 2 diphthongs and 3 tones.

Declension[edit]

  • There are two numbers: singular and plural.
  • Two genders: masculine and feminine.
  • Three cases: simple, oblique, and vocative. Case marking is partly inflectional and partly postpositional.
  • Nouns are declined according to their final segments.
  • All pronouns are inflected for number and case but gender is distinguished only in the third person singular pronouns.
  • The third person pronouns are distinguished on the proximity/remoteness dimension in each gender.
  • Adjectives are of two types: either ending in /-o/ or not.
  • Cardinal numbers up to ten are inflected.
  • Both present and past participles function as adjectives.

Verbs[edit]

  • There are three tenses and four moods.

Syntax[edit]

  • Sentence types are of traditional nature.[clarification needed]
  • Coordination and subordination are very important in complex sentences.
  • Parallel lexicon are existing and are very important from sociolinguistic point of view.[clarification needed]

Samples[edit]

Bagri Transliteration Translation
तेरो नाम के है Tero nāma ke hai What is your name?
किन्नै जावै है? kinn jāv hai Where are you going?
इन्नै आ innai ā Come here
क्यूकर है ? kyūkara hai How are you?
टींगर टीटणं नां मार ṭīṅgara ṭīṭaṇaṃ nāṃ māra Hey kid! Don't waste our time.
तन्नै कुचरणीं ही करनी है के ? tannai kučaraṇīṃ hī leṇīṃ hai ke Do you only want to disturb things?
नास में आन्गळी ना ले nāma meṃ āngaḷī nā le Don't penetrate finger into nose.
बातां गा पीसा लागै है. bātāṃ gā pīsā lāgai Talking costs money.
मुह कर जिया बताऊ जिसों या मुंह कर बताऊ बरगो suha kara jiyā batāū jisoṃ Your face looks like eggplant.
मान ग्या र, सागी है बटो Maan gya r, saagi h bto Shame on You, same as Asshole.
क्यांमी राफ चोड़ी करै है रे? kyāmī rāpha čoṛī karai hai re Why are you making your mouth as that of a moron?
के करे है? ke kare ha What are you doing?
रोल्लो है के कोई तेरै rollo ha ke koī terai you have any problem
तू कठै गयैड़ो हो too kathai gayairo ho Where did you go?
कठैउं आन लाग रह्यो है? kaṭhū ān lāga rahyo ha Where are you coming from?
भांडा bhanda Utensils.
घोड़ो होव जिओं Ghodo hov jiya Looking like a horse
कोजवाड़ kozwaD embarrassing.

Work on Bagri[edit]

  • Grierson, G. A. 1908. (Reprint 1968). Linguistic Survey of India. Volume IX, Part II. New Delhi: Motilal Banarasidass
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 1994. Reflexives in Bagri. M.Phil. dissertation. New Delhi: Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 1999. A Descriptive Grammar of Bagri. Ph.D. dissertation. New Delhi: Jawaharlal Nehru University
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 2000a. Limitations of Literacy in Bagri. Nicholas Ostler & Blair Rudes (eds.). Endangered Languages and Literacy. Proceedings of the Fourth FEL Conference. University of North Carolina, Charlotte, 21–24 September 2000
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 2000b. Bagri Grammar. Munich: Lincom Europa (Languages of the World/Materials, 384)
  • Gusain, Lakhan. 2008. Bagri Learners' Reference Grammar. Ann Arbor, Michigan: Northside Publishers
  • Wilson, J. 1883. Sirsa Settlement Report. Chandigarh: Government Press

Gallery[edit]

Regions where Bagri is spoken:

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bagri at Ethnologue (19th ed., 2016)
  2. ^ Census India 2001
  3. ^ Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2017). "Bagri". Glottolog 3.0. Jena, Germany: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History. 
  4. ^ Revised Land and Revenue Settlement of Hisar District 9006-9011
  5. ^ Gusain 2000, p. 14.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Gusain, Lakhan (2000). Bagri. Languages of the world. Materials. Munich: LINCOM Europa. ISBN 978-3-89586-398-1. 

External links[edit]