Bagworth

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Bagworth
BagworthMinerStatue.JPG
A statue of a coal miner in Bagworth, commemorating the village's industrial heritage.
Bagworth is located in Leicestershire
Bagworth
Bagworth
Bagworth shown within Leicestershire
Population 3500
OS grid reference SK4408
Civil parish
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Coalville
Postcode district LE67
Dialling code 01530
Police Leicestershire
Fire Leicestershire
Ambulance East Midlands
EU Parliament East Midlands
UK Parliament
Website Bagworth & Thornton Parish Council
List of places
UK
England
Leicestershire
52°40′19″N 1°20′35″W / 52.672°N 01.343°W / 52.672; -01.343Coordinates: 52°40′19″N 1°20′35″W / 52.672°N 01.343°W / 52.672; -01.343

Bagworth is a village in Leicestershire, England, 9 miles (14 km) west of Leicester. The population is included in the civil parish of Bagworth and Thornton.

History[edit]

Bagworth Colliery in 1990.
The incline-keeper's house at the top of Bagworth incline in 1985, before it was allowed to fall down.

There are records of the manor of Bagworth from the early 14th and early 15th centuries, when it was held by the same feudal lords as the neighbouring manor of Thornton.

Bagworth Park is first recorded in 1279 under ownership of the Bishop of Durham. In 1318 Roger de Holland was given permission to fortify his property at Bagworth.[1] It is recorded under the ownership of Matilda Lovell in 1411. The Lovell family later sold the land to the Hastings family. Development of the site was granted to William, Lord Hastings by Edward IV in 1474 for "crenellation and emparkment of 2000 acres of land" along with the castle developments at Ashby de la Zouche and Kirby Muxloe but there is no indication of any building by Hastings on the site prior to his execution by Richard III in 1483. A later moated house was developed on the site by Sir Robert Banaster in 1616.[1]

In 1761 Baron Maynard funded the building and endowment of a village school for Bagworth.[2]

The then Viscount Maynard had the first shaft of Bagworth Colliery sunk in 1828 and, initially, the coal was carried to Leicester by road.[3]

In 1832 the Leicester and Swannington Railway was opened. It passed within 12-mile (800 m) of Bagworth and provided a railway station to serve the village at the foot of the rope-worked Bagworth Incline, and a convenient connection to the colliery at the top of the incline.[4]

The Midland Railway took over the Leicester and Swannington in 1845 and built a gentler graded deviation line which bypassed the old incline and opened a new Bagworth railway station 1 mile (1.6 km) north of the centre of the old village in 1849. The new station was renamed Bagworth and Ellistown in 1894 to reflect the nearby colliery village that had developed since Ellistown colliery was sunk in 1873. British Railways withdrew passenger services from the line and closed the station in September 1964. The railway remains open for freight.

Bagworth Colliery was connected underground to Nailstone Colliery in 1966. There the coal was raised, washed, and transported by train back along a branch line to interchange sidings next to the site of Bagworth and Ellistown station. In 1980 the branch line from Nailstone colliery was replaced by a conveyor belt which transported the coal to a rapid loader to the north of the site of Bagworth and Ellistown station. The colliery closed in 1991 when economic reserves were exhausted and the rapid loader was demolished.

In the 1990s BR planned to restore Leicester to Burton upon Trent Line passenger services through Bagworth as the second phase of its Ivanhoe Line project. However, after the privatisation of British Rail in 1995 this phase of the project was discontinued. In 2009 the Association of Train Operating Companies published a £49 million proposal to restore passenger services to the line that would include reopening a station at Bagworth.[5]

Chapels[edit]

Bagworth's Church of England chapel of the Holy Rood was a dependent chapelry of the parish church of Saint Peter, Thornton.[2] In 1848 Holy Rood was described as having a Saxon door and that its walls bore the date 1637.[2] In 1873 the entire church except for the tower was rebuilt in granite with limestone dressings, with buttresses banded with red brick and blue vitrified brick.[6] In the 20th century the Victorian church and medieval tower suffered subsidence so in 1968 they were demolished. They were replaced with a new modern church building that is unusual in being built of CLASP prefabricated concrete panels.

Holy Rood is now part of the Church of England parish of Thornton Bagworth and Stanton,[7] which is part of a united benefice with the parishes of Copt Oak and Markfield.[8]

By 1848 Bagworth had also a General Baptists' chapel.[2]

Amenities[edit]

Bagworth had a public house, The Maynard, opposite the former railway station. It was closed in 2008 due to a fire[citation needed] and has since been demolished to make way for development of a shop and houses.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Leicestershire Museums Archaeological fieldwork Group 2008, Monograph No 2, p.3
  2. ^ a b c d Lewis 1931, pp. 128–132.
  3. ^ Owen, C. (1984) The Leicestershire and South Derbyshire Coalfield, 1200-1900 Ashbourne: Moorland Publishing Company Ltd.
  4. ^ Clinker, C.R. (1977) The Leicester & Swannington Railway Bristol: Avon Anglia Publications & Services. Reprinted from the Transactions of the Leicestershire Archaeological Society Volume XXX, 1954.
  5. ^ "Connecting Communities - expanding access to the rail network" (PDF). London: Association of Train Operating Companies. June 2009. p. 19. Archived from the original (pdf) on 29 July 2013. Retrieved 20 February 2015. 
  6. ^ Pevsner 1960, p. 57.
  7. ^ Archbishops' Council (2010). "Thornton Bagworth and Stanton". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 
  8. ^ Archbishops' Council (2010). "Bagworth: Holy Rood, Bagworth". A Church Near You. Church of England. Retrieved 19 July 2011. 

Sources[edit]

External links[edit]