Baha' al-din Zuhair

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Baha' al-din Zuhair (Arabic: بها الدين زهير ‎)(1186–1258) was an Arabian poet born at or near Mecca, and became celebrated as the best writer of prose and verse and the best calligrapher of his time.


He entered the service of Sultan Malik As-Salih Najm ud-Din in Mesopotamia, and was with him at Damascus until the Sultan was betrayed and imprisoned. Baha' al-din then retired to Nablus where he remained until Najm ud-Din escaped and obtained possession of Egypt, whither he accompanied him in 1240. There he remained as the Sultan's confidential secretary until his death, due to an epidemic, in 1258. [1]

His poetry consists mostly of panegyric and brilliant occasional verse distinguished for its elegance. It has been published with English metrical translation by E. H. Palmer (2 vols., Cambridge, 1877). [1]

His life was written by his contemporary Ibn Khallikaan (see de Slane's trans. of his Biographical Dictionary, vol. i, pp. 542–545). [1]


(translation: E.H. Palmer, The Poetical Works of Baha Ed-Din Zuheir, 2 vols., Cambridge 1877, p. 34)


  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainThatcher, Griffithes Wheeler (1911). "Behā ud-Dīn Zuhair". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. 3 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 655.