Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari

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Syed Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari
Bahauddin2.png
Baha-ud-Din's name in Arabic calligraphy
Born1318
Bukhara
Died1389
Bukhara
Venerated inIslam

Sayyid Baha-ud-Din Naqshband Bukhari (Persian: بهاءالدین محمد نقشبند بخاری‎) ‎(1318–1389) was the founder of what would become one of the largest Sufi Muslim orders, the Naqshbandi.

Biography[edit]

Baha-ud-Din was born on 18 March 1318 CE (14 Muharram, 718 AH) in the village of Qasr-i-Hinduvan (later renamed Qasr-i Arifan) near Bukhara, in what is now Uzbekistan and it was there that he died in 1389.[1]

He came into early contact with the Khwajagan (lit: the Masters), and was adopted as spiritual progeny by one of them, Baba Muhammad Sammasi, while still an infant. Sammasi was his first guide on the path, and more important was his relationship with Sammasi's principal khalifa (successor), Amir Kulal, the last link in the silsila, or chain of teachers, before Baha-ud-Din:[2]

  1. Ja'far al-Sadiq
  2. Bayazid Bistami
  3. Abu al-Hassan al-Kharaqani
  4. Abu Ali al-Farmadi
  5. Yusuf Hamadani
  6. Abul Abbas al-Khadr
  7. Abd al-Khaliq Ghijduwani
  8. Arif Riwgari
  9. Mahmud Faghnawi
  10. Ali Ramitani
  11. Baba Sammasi
  12. Amir Kulal
  13. Baha'al-din Naqshband Bukhari

As a youth, Naqshbandi was recognized as an exceptional Islamic scholar before he turned 20. He traveled to Mecca for the Islamic pilgrimage Hajj at least thee times. He became a respected scholar in Central Asia and received many guests and pupils to Bukhara from other parts of Central Asia.[3]

Death[edit]

Baha-ud-Din was buried in his native village, Qasr-i Arifan, in 1389. In 1544, Khan Abd al-Aziz built over his grave a tomb and surrounding buildings. The Memorial complex is located 16 kilometers from Bukhara and is today a place of pilgrimage.[4]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Yawm-A-Wilaadat Hazrat Khwaja Shah Bahaudeen Naqshband Qaddas Allahu Sirruhul Azeez". 17 November 2013. Archived from the original on 2013-12-27.
  2. ^ Sultanova, Razia (2011). "Naqshbandiyya". From Shamanism to Sufism. I.B.Tauris. p. 32–37. ISBN 978-1-84885-309-6.
  3. ^ Mullerson, Rein (2014). Central Asia. Taylor and Francis. ISBN 9781317792529.
  4. ^ Mullerson, Rein (2014). Central Asia. Taylor and Francis. ISBN 9781317792529.

Further reading[edit]

  • The Rules or Secrets of the Naqshbandi Order by Omar Ali-Shah (1992) ISBN 2909347095
  • The Masters of Wisdom by John G. Bennett (1995) ISBN 1881408019
  • The Naqshbandi Sufi Way, (History and Guidebook of the Saints of the Golden Chain). by Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani. Kazi Publications, USA (1995) ISBN 0-934905-34-7
  • Classical Islam and the Naqshbandi Sufi Tradition, Shaykh Muhammad Hisham Kabbani, Islamic Supreme Council of America (June 2004), ISBN 1930409230.

External links[edit]