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|Religion||Islam, specifically the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order|
|Born||Friday, 4 June, 1171
Kot Kehror (Karor Lal Eason), Layah.
|Died||Thursday, 21 December, 1262 (aged 91)
|Title||Hadrat, Sheikh (Ghous-ul-Aalamin)|
|Period in office||12th/13th century|
|Predecessor||Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi|
|Successor||Various, including lal Shahbaz Qalander, Fakhr ud din Iraqi, Jalal ad-Din Muḥammad Rumi and Sayyid Jalaluddin Surkh-Posh Bukhari|
Baha-ud-din Zakariya (Persian: بہاؤ الدین زکریا) (1170-1267) was a Sufi of Suhrawardiyya order (tariqa). His full name was Abu Muhammad Bahauddin Zakariya. He was a Hashmi from the aulad of Hadhrat Asad Ibn Hashim.
Sheikh Baha-ud-Din Zakariya was born at Kot Kehror (Karor Lal Eason), a town of the Layyah District near Multan, Punjab, Pakistan, around 1170. His grandfather Shah Kamaluddin Ali Shah Qureshi arrived in Multan from Mecca en route to Khwarezm where he stayed for a short while. In Tariqat he was the disciple of renowned Sufi master Shaikh Shahab al-Din Suhrawardi who awarded him Khilafat only after 17 days of stay at his Khanqah in Baghdad. For fifteen years he went from place to place to preach Islam and after his wanderings Bahawal Haq settled in Multan in 1222.
Baha-ud-din Zakariya died in 1268 and his mausoleum, Darbar Hazrat Baha-ud-din Zakariya, is located at Multan. The mausoleum is a square of 51 ft 9 in (15.77 m), measured internally. Above this is an octagon, about half the height of the square, which is surmounted by a hemispherical dome. The mausoleum was almost completely ruined during the siege of 1848 by the British, but was soon afterward restored by the Muslims.
Baha-ud-din Zakariya had seven sons who gained fame in their own right as great Sufis - Shaykh Sadruddin Arif, Shaykh Burhanuddin, Shaykh Ziauddin, Shaykh Alauddin, Shaykh Qudrat-ud-din, Shaykh Shahab-ud-din, and Shaykh Shams-ud-din. Shaykh Sadruddin Arif's son was the famous Sufi Shaykh Abul Fath Ruknuddin, also known as Shah Rukn-e-Alam. His progeny dispersed all over India during the coming centuries and produced many famous people in all walks of life and scholarship. His descendants are found in Multan, Karor laal esun, Gujrat, Gujar Khan, Watli Distt.Chakwal,Pail Piran (Khushab),Bhera Sharif (Sargodha) Pir Khara Distt. Chakwal,[Karuli Piran (Chakwal) Hazara, NWFP]] sufi saint one was Hazrat Mian Mohammad Niaz , forfather and ancestor of Hazrat Qazi Mir Aalam Quraishi buried in basian Birote Kalan Hazara NWFP his descendants are also found in Islamabad/Rawalpindi. Attock (Pourmiana), Lahore, pail, Delhi, Meerut, Allahabad. Since the independence of Pakistan in 1947 many of his descendants from Allahabad, Delhi, Meerut and other Indian cities have migrated to Karachi and are a part of the Mohajir community.
Some of his descendants use Hashmi while some use Quraishi with their name. And some of his descendants use as Quraishi Hashmi.
- A train is named after him, which runs between Karachi and Multan.
- Largest university of South Punjab is also called Bahauddin Zakariya University.
- Known as Baha-ud-din Zakariya
He belongs to the Suhrawardiyya Sufi order, which is known in the Mamluk Sultanate of India. He was one of the disciples of Sheikh ul-Sheiyukh Shahabuddin Suhrawarthy. After wandering for fifteen years he eventually came to Multan in 1222 and settled there. Multan had come to be known as "Baghdad of the East" and is mentioned in the following couplet of Bahaul Haq in Persian :
Multan ma ba jannat a'la barabar ast Ahista pa ba-nah ke malik sajda mi kunad.
(Multan of ours is comparable to the great Paradise, Tread slowly, the angels are paying obeisance here.)
حضرت پير بهاوالحق رح
سخي پير حضرت پير بهاوالحق رح
مدد ڪر مرشدغوٽ بهاوالحق رح
زنده آهي غوٽ رح زنده آهي غوث رح
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Sufism and Tariqat