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Bahad 16 (lit: Education Base 16) is a training base (Bahad) belonging to the Israel Defense Forces (IDF). Located in the Tzrifin container base, it is the training base and a base of operations for the IDF Home Front Command Search and Rescue (SAR) unit. Because it is the only SAR training base, Bahad 16 is synonymous with the SAR unit itself.
This unit should not be confused with Unit 669. Bahad 16 is a domestic search and rescue unit, primarily operating in times of natural disasters, while Unit 669 is the Israeli Air Force's Tactical Combat Search and Rescue (CSAR) unit that operates behind enemy lines.
IDF Home Front Command Search and Rescue unit was a re-organization of HaGaHa, the Israeli civil defense force. It was created in February 1992 following the Gulf War, which, as the most threatening war to Israel's homeland since the 1948 Arab-Israeli War, led to a perceived need for more security beyond the border.
The SAR unit serves as a ready unit for natural disasters (such as earthquakes and floods), for civil disasters (such as the Versailles wedding hall disaster), and for response to deliberate military or para-military attacks (such as with Katyusha, Grad or Scud rockets or with IEDs).
During Operation Defensive Shield in 2002, four-man teams from the unit were attached to infantry units in Jenin and Ramallah. There, teams facilitated troop movement by breaking openings in walls between houses (known as mouse-holing/Rhizome Manoeuvre).
- Nepal (2015)
- Following deadly earthquakes, Israel operated the largest humanitarian presence in Nepal, with over 250 doctors and rescue personnel.
- Port-au-Prince, Haiti (2010)
- Following a 7.0 magnitude earthquake two teams were sent from the unit as part of a large Israeli delegation.
- Beit Yehoshua, Israel (2006)
- Train Wreck
- Tel Aviv, Israel (2006)
- Collapsed building due to a gas explosion
- Nairobi, Kenya (2006)
- Following the collapse of a five-story building in Nairobi, Kenya, on January 23, 2006, Bahad 16 & Yachtza forces arrived 23 hours after the disaster. At that stage, two people were still buried under the building and special techniques (tunneling and scalping) were required to secure their evacuation. The two people were evacuated and both recovered after a short stay in hospital.
- Jaffa, Israel (2005)
- A crane collapsed on a building
- Revidim, Israel (2005)
- Train Wreck
- Jerusalem, Israel (2001)
- Following the collapse of the Versailles wedding hall, Bahad 16 & Yachtza forces arrived within an hour of the disaster. During the rescue operation 23 bodies were excavated and 3 people were removed alive.
- Gölcük, Turkey (1999)
- After the İzmit earthquake, Israeli forces were sent to assist with rescue efforts at the Gölcük Naval base.
- IDF Home Front chief heads to Haiti with reinforcements, Yaakov Katz and Judy Siegel. Jan 18, 2010, Jerusalem Post
- DISASTER journal article[dead link]