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Bahasa, Bhasa, Basa, or Phasa is the word for "language" in many Asian languages, which derives from the Sanskrit word भाषा bhāṣā "spoken language". In many modern languages in South Asia and Southeast Asia which have been influenced by Sanskrit or Pali, bahasa and cognate words are now used to mean "language" in general.
It may refer to:
- The Indonesian language, or Bahasa Indonesia
- The Malay language, or Bahasa Melayu
- The Javanese language, or Basa Jawa, also Basa Jawi
- The Sundanese language, or Basa Sunda
- The Balinese language, or Basa Bali
- The Tausug language, or Bahasa Sūg
- The Betawi language, or Bahasa Betawi
- The Cia-Cia language, or Bahasa Ciacia
- The Khmer language, or Phiesa Khmae (Khmer: ភាសាខ្មែរ)
- The Lao language, or Phasa Lao (Lao: ພາສາລາວ)
- The Thai language, or Phasa Thai (Thai: ภาษาไทย)
- The Burmese language, or Myanma bhasa (Burmese: မြန်မာဘာသာ)
- The Sinhala language, or Siŋhala bhāṣāva (Sinhalese: සිංහල භාෂාව)
- The Newar language
- Malaysian Sign Language (Burmese: Bahasa Isyarat Malaysia)
- Manually Coded Malay
- Bahasa Rojak, a form of code-switching in Malaysia
- Indonesian slang, sometimes referred to as Bahasa gaul or Bahasa prokem
The word "Bahasa" is often incorrectly used in English to refer to Indonesian, often by Western expatriates and English-speaking Indonesians. The question "Do you speak Bahasa?" literally means "Do you speak language?" When Indonesian or Malay speakers refer to other languages, the word "Bahasa" is used; for example, Arabic is called Bahasa Arab literally "Arab language".
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