Bahia interior forests
|Bahia interior forests|
Localization of Bahia interior forests ecorregion as delineated by WWF.
|Borders||Serra do Mar coastal forests, Bahia coastal forests, Caatinga and Cerrado|
|Area||230,880 km2 (89,140 sq mi)|
|States||Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro and São Paulo|
The Bahia interior forests is an ecoregion of eastern Brazil. It is part of the larger Atlantic forests complex, and lies between the Bahia coastal forests and the dry shrublands and savannas of Brazil's interior.
The Bahia interior forests cover an area of 230,000 square kilometers (89,000 sq mi), extending across portions of Bahia, Espirito Santo, Minas Gerais, Rio de Janeiro, and Sergipe states. The Bahia interior forests lie inland from the Bahia coastal forests, which extend approximately 150 km (93 mi) inland from the coast. The Bahia interior forests extend north to the São Francisco River, where they lie much closer to the coast, and are bounded on the west by the dry Caatinga shrublands. Moving south, the forests extend further inland to the Rio Paraíba do Sul, Rio Preto, and Rio Grande, which form the boundary with the Paraná-Paraíba interior forests to the southwest.
Atlantic forest in Minas Gerais, interior Bahia and southern Espírito Santo, according IBGE, consists of a semi-deciduous or deciduous forest. In this ecoregion is found a highly threatened spicies, the "Brazilian rosewood" (Dalbergia nigra).
Conservation and threats
Bahia interior forest is one of the most modified ecoregions in Atlantic forest region. Most forests remnants has less than 10 km², and even these are currently under strong pressure from anthropogenic activities, as fires, illegal desforestation and predatory hunting. Less than 2 percent of Bahia interior forests are protected as conservation units. The largest forest remnant of this ecoregion is the Rio Doce State Park, with 359 km² of area.
- Hoekstra, J. M.; Molnar, J. L.; Jennings, M.; Revenga, C.; Spalding, M. D.; Boucher, T. M.; Robertson, J. C.; Heibel, T. J.; Ellison, K. (2010). Molnar, J. L., ed. The Atlas of Global Conservation: Changes, Challenges, and Opportunities to Make a Difference. University of California Press. ISBN 978-0-520-26256-0.
- "Mapa da área de Aplicação da Lei nº 11.428 de 2006" (PDF). IBGE. 2012-07-28.
- "Bahia interior forests". Terrestrial Ecoregions. World Wildlife Fund.