Bahia mangroves

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A mangrove forest of Mangue Seco, Bahia.
WWF map of Bahia Mangroves forest locations (within yellow circles).

The Bahia Mangroves is a tropical ecoregion of the Mangrove forests Biome, and the South American Atlantic Forest biome, located in Northeastern Brazil.


The Bahia mangrove habitats occupy minor bays, estuaries, and river inlets along the coast from Recôncavo on Todos os Santos Bay in Bahia State; north to the Doce River in Espírito Santo State.

The total ecoregion comprises 2,100 square kilometers (800 square miles)) of shallow coastal waters and land.


Mangrove tree species include typical Atlantic Ocean tropical mangrove species, the red mangrove (Rhizophora mangle) of the Rhizophoraceae, the black mangrove (Avicennia germinans) of the Acanthaceae, and the white mangrove (Laguncularia racemosa) of the Combretaceae family.


Clearing the mangrove forests for development is the greatest conservation threat currently. The mangroves are threatened by coastal urban sprawl, and by managed aquiculture enterprises, such as shrimp farms in Salinas da Margaridas.

Rising sea level from global climate change is of concern for the future of the Bahia mangroves.

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