Bahr El-Baqar primary school bombing

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Bahr El-Baqar
primary school massacre
Bahr El-Baqar Massacre (5).jpg
site of bombing school
Location Bahr El-Baqar, Egypt
Date April 8, 1970
Attack type
Aerial school bombing
Weapons Aerial bombs
Deaths 46
Non-fatal injuries
Perpetrator Israeli Air Force

The Bahr el-Baqar primary school in Bahr el-Baqar (province of Sharqia Governorate, Egypt), was bombed by the Israeli Air Force on 8 April 1970, killing 46 children. Afterwards, Israel claimed to be under the impression that the school was an Egyptian military installation.[1][2]

Of the 130 children who attended the school, 46 were killed and over 50 wounded. The school itself was completely demolished.[3][4][5]

The attack was carried out by Israeli Air Force F4 Phantom II fighter bombers, at 9:20 am on Wednesday April 8. Five bombs and two air-to-ground missiles struck the single-floor school, which consisted of three classrooms.[3][4]


Memorial to the victims of the bombing.
Injured victims

The bombing occurred during the War of Attrition (1967–1970). Israel claims that it had thought the school was an Egyptian military installation.[1][2]

When asked about the incident, Israeli Minister of Defense Moshe Dayan said: "Maybe the Egyptians put elementary students in a military base." Speaking about the incident, Egyptian commander Abdelatim Ramadan said: "Actually, two targets were hit by the Israelis. The first target was a group of military bases about 30 km. from the Suez Canal, which were targeted before, on the night of 18–19 December 1969. The second target was the Bahr El-Baqar primary school. [ ... ] There comes a time to acknowledge an important fact in this area, that at those black days of Israeli bombing, the military targets were mixed with civilian targets. We can even say that in many cases the military targets were hiding behind civilian targets."[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b "In Cold Blood". Time magazine. 1970-06-01. Archived from the original on April 28, 2009. 
  2. ^ a b Shalom, Danny (2007). Phantoms over Cairo - Israeli Air Force in the War of Attrition (1967-1970) (in Hebrew). Bavir Aviation & Space Publications. ISBN 965 90455 2 2. 
  3. ^ a b Hammad, Gamal. Al-Ahram Weekly On-line, 8 - 14 October 1998, Issue No.398. Retrieved on 2007-10-18
  4. ^ a b Al-Ahram Weekly, 30 Dec. 1999 - 5 Jan. 2000, Issue No. 462. Retrieved on 2007-10-18
  5. ^
  6. ^ "The War of Attrition as Reflected in Egyptian Sources" (1995), p. 107, by Mustafa Kabha (in Hebrew)

Coordinates: 30°51′35″N 31°54′54″E / 30.85972°N 31.91500°E / 30.85972; 31.91500