Bahraich

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Bahraich
City
Bahraich Clock Tower
Bahraich Clock Tower
Bahraich is located in Uttar Pradesh
Bahraich
Bahraich
Location in Uttar Pradesh, India
Coordinates: 27°34′30″N 81°35′38″E / 27.575°N 81.594°E / 27.575; 81.594Coordinates: 27°34′30″N 81°35′38″E / 27.575°N 81.594°E / 27.575; 81.594
Country  India
State Uttar Pradesh
District Bahraich
Government
 • Body Bahraich Nagar Palika Parishad
 • Mayor Smt. Rubeena Rehan Khan
 • MLA Anupama Jaiswal (BJP)
 • MP Savitri Bai Phule (BJP)
Area
 • Total 34 km2 (13 sq mi)
Elevation 126 m (413 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 186,223
 • Density 5,500/km2 (14,000/sq mi)
Languages
 • Official Hindi, Urdu
Time zone UTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN 271801
Telephone code +91 05252
Vehicle registration UP-40
Sex Ratio 892 /
Website bahraichnpp.in, behraich.nic.in

Bahraich is a city and a municipal board in Bahraich district in the state of Uttar Pradesh, India. Located on the Saryu River, a tributary of river Ghaghra, Bahraich is 125 km north-east of Lucknow, the state capital. The towns of Barabanki, Gonda, Balrampur, Lakhimpur and Sitapur share local boundaries with Bahraich. A factor which makes this town important is the international border shared with the neighboring country, Nepal. According to Government of India, the district Bahraich is one of the minority concentrated district in India on the basis of the 2001 census data on population, socio-economic indicators and basic amenities indicators.[1]

Geography and climate[edit]

Bahraich is located at India 27°35′N 81°36′E / 27.58°N 81.6°E / 27.58; 81.6.[2] It has an average elevation of 126 metres (413 feet). Bahraich has a warm humid subtropical climate with cool, dry winters from December to February and dry, hot summers from April to June. The rainy season is from mid-June to mid-September, when Bahraich gets an average rainfall from the south-west monsoon winds, and occasionally frontal rainfall will occur in January. In winter the maximum temperature is around 25 °C (77 °F) and the minimum is in the -1 °C (37 °F) to 7 °C (45 °F) range. Fog is quite common from late December to late January. Summers are extremely hot with temperatures rising to the 40 °C (104 °F) to 47 °C (113 °F) range, the average highs being in the high of 30s (degree Celsius). Average annual rainfall is 1900 cm (approx).

Flora and fauna[edit]

Bahraich has a vast forest cover. Shikoya Shisham, Dhak, Mahua, Babul, Neem, Peepal, Ashok, Khajur, Mango and Gular trees are grown here. Different varieties of mangoes are grown specially Dasheri in district. The main Crops are Wheat, Paddy, Sugarcane, Mustard and Vegetables such as Cauliflower, Cabbage, Tomato, Brinjals are grown here. Apart from this many medicinal and herbal plants are also grown here like Tulsi, Peppermint.

Notable People[edit]

Savitri Bai Phule - MP from city.

Demographics[edit]

Religions in Bahraich[3]
Religion Percent
Hindus
42.40%
Muslim
56.07%
Sikhism
0.39%
Jainism
0.35%
Christians
0.31%
Buddhism
0.07%
Others†
0.41%

As per provisional data of 2011 census, Bahraich district had a population of 3,487,731 out of which males were 1,843,884 and females were 1,643,847. The literacy rate was 64.20 per cent.[4]

Main localities[edit]

  • Qazipura (South)
  • Qazipura (North)
  • Chhawani Bazaar
  • Salarganj
  • Brahmnipura
  • Chandpura
  • Qasimpura
  • Kalpipara
  • Nazirpura
  • Basheerganj
  • Mewatipura
  • Civil Lines
  • Badihaat, Dargah Shareef (Included Parli Bagh, ImamGanj, Bakshipura), Bakshipura, Bakshipura Nai Basti, GulamAlipura, Choti Bazar, MansoorGanj, Hamzapura, WazeerBagh, Qanoongopura(South & North), DhapaliPurwa, MakkaPura(Raipur Raja), Rahuwa, Civil Lines, Akbarpura, Khatripura, Gudri, Chawani, sufipura, Digiha Tiraha, Ghasiyaripura, Meerakhelpura, Peepal Tiraha, Madahav Rati, MATERA KALAN, BEHRA, RAKHAUNA, KHAIRA KALAN, SHIVPUR, NANPARA, etc..

Economy[edit]

The main occupation of the residents of Bahraich is agriculture. In the British period, Bahraich was a famous market for grains and pulses. Even today, it is famous for agricultural products like pulses, wheat, rice, corn, sugar, and mustard. Bahraich also has a Galla Mandi(Grain Market) which is second biggest Grain Market in Uttar Pradesh. Also, there are dense forests in Nanpara and Bhinga region which account for herbs and timber. Trees like teak, Shisham and Khair are found here. As a result, "kattha" factories are situated in Mihinpurwa block of Baraich. Ideal wood for furniture and buildings work is found here. Fruit trees grown here are mango and guava. The principal crops of the region are wheat, rice, sugarcane, pulse, and mustard. Sericulture is another occupation of the people of the region.

This is a panoramic view of a Brick Field in Bahraich

Politics[edit]

Bahraich is divided into two Parliament Constituency Bahraich and Kaisergunj.

  1. Bahraich seat of MP is govern by Miss Savitri Bai Phule (BJP)
  2. Kaisergunj seat of MP is govern by Mr. Brij Bhushan Singh (BJP)

Bahraich is Divided in seven Assembly Constituency as per below .

  1. Bahraich City Seat of MLA belongs to Mrs.Anupama Jaiswal (BJP)
  2. Matera Seat of MLA belongs to YASAR SHAH (SP )
  3. Mahsi Seat of MLA belongs to Mr. Sureshwar Singh (MLA BJP)
  4. Kaisergunj seat of MLA belongs to Mr. Mukut Bihari Verma (BJP)
  5. Balha Seat of MLA belongs to Akhaybar Lal Gaud (BJP)
  6. Payagpur Seat of MLA belongs to Subhash Tripathi (MLA BJP)
  7. Nanpara seat of MLA belongs to Madhuri Verma (MLA BJP)

Education[edit]

Bahraich is a growing district in the direction of education.

Technical, Medical and Law Colleges[edit]

  • Sanjeevani Institute of Technology and Management

Graduate/Postgraduate Colleges[edit]

  • Mahila Mahavidyalaya (Women PG College)
  • Thakur Hukum Singh Kisan Post Graduate College
  • Mithilesh Nandini Reshama Arif Mahavidyalaya, Nanpara
  • Shivanshu Sushil Degree College, Suhapara
  • Seemant Degree College, Rupaidiha
  • Lord Buddha Degree College, Rupaidiha
  • Ameer Hasan Farooqui Masoodiya mubaraka degree college, Nanpara
  • Maharaja Balbhadra Singh Raikuwar Mahavidyalaya, Khutehna

Inter Colleges[edit]

  • Sant Pathik Senior Secondary School (Pashupati Nagar)
  • St. Stephens international school
  • Jawahar Navodaya Vidyalaya (JNV)
  • Seventh-Day Adventist Inter College (SDA)
  • St. Norbert's School
  • Barrows Blue Bells School
  • Raja Ranjeet Singh Public School (RRSPS)
  • Sainik Institute Inter College
  • Guru Kripa Divine Grace Public School
  • Shanti Inter college Ameenpur Bahraich
  • Scholars Bower Educational Academy
  • Tara Mahila Inter College (Women Inter College)
    Tara Girls Inter College Bahraich
  • Maharaj Singh Inter College
  • Vaidya Bhagwan Deen Mishra Gandhi Inter College
  • Azad Inter College
  • City Montessori School(C.M.S.)
  • Buddha Public School (BPS)
  • Government Inter College
  • Government Girls Inter College
  • Kamla Devi Inter College
  • Ravindra Nath Tagore Inter College
  • Bal Shiksha Niketan Girls Inter College
  • Sir Syed Girls Inter College
  • Masood Gazi Girls Inter College Dargah Bahraich
  • Gandhi Inter College
  • Saraswati Vidya Mandir Inter College

Islamic Education Colleges[edit]

  • Jamia Arabia Masoodia Noorul Uloom
  • Jamia Imadadia Baitul Uloom
  • Jamia Madinatul Uloom
  • Madarsa Hidayatul Uloom
  • Choti Takia Madarsa
  • Jamia Badi Takia
  • Jamia Falahul Muslimeen Qanoongupura
  • Maktab Masoodia Junior High School, Qazipura (Estd.1895 AD.)
  • Jamia Islamia Arbia Madintul Uloom Bandriya Bagh

Culture[edit]

Languages[edit]

Among many languages spoken in the district, Awadhi language is spoken by over 38 million people, mainly in the Awadh region. A wide range of varaities of Awadhi are spoken in Bahraich. The second majorly understood and spoken language in the city is Urdu. Third mostly spoken language is English. In some numbers, Bhojpuri, Arabic and Nepali languages are also spoken. Historically, the languages belonging to Sanskrit-Prakrit families were spoken in this area.

Cuisine[edit]

As Bahraich is situated in The Awadh region has its own distinct Nawabi style cuisine, the most famous cuisine of Awadhi Region consist of various kinds of biryanis, kebabs and breads. Kababchi Gali of district is famous in nearby regions for its Kebabs.Pachkauri hotel is famous for its delicious cousins like mutton,paya etc.

Sports[edit]

The city has its own sports stadium called Indira Gandhi Sports Stadium; it host many sports tournaments every year. The city also has many sports clubs.

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

Bahraich is well connected with other districts of Uttar Pradesh. UPSRTC provides road connectivity to Lucknow, Kanpur, Allahabad, Varanasi, Bareilly, Haridwar, Delhi, Balrampur, Gonda, Barabanki, Pratapgarh, Shimla, Mathura, Banda, Jaunpur, Gorakhpur, Varanasi, Shrawasti and Agra. There are buses for Lucknow in every 15 minutes. NH 28C connects the city to Barabanki and state capital Lucknow.

Railways[edit]

Bahraich is also on Indian Railways route map In North Eastern Railways zone and provided a Broad Gauge line, running from Gonda to Bahraich.The train on this route has not currently started yet, but is expected that the train will run from last week of July on the route. Several trials has been done on the route by Indian Railways.

Bg train.jpg

Also Indian Railways runs MG Line from Bahraich to Nepalgunj Road and Mailani connecting Risiya, Matera, Nanpara, Palia-kalan, Raibojha etc. residing peoples to Bahraich as well as to other major districts of U.P

Kasganj to Jarwal Road, Bahraich is a small station 55 km from district headquarters and lies on DelhiBarauni line. .[citation needed]

City Transportation[edit]

Private Auto Rickshaws and Cycle Rickshaw are also part of transportation; those are easily available at all major landmarks of the city.

Media[edit]

Press[edit]

The prominent English dailies of the city are The Times of India, The Hindustan Times, The Pioneer. Several daily newspapers in Hindi and Urdu are published in the city. Amongst the Hindi papers are Dainik Jagran, Amar Ujala, Dainik Hindustan, Rashtriya Sahara, Jansatta. The main Urdu papers are The Inquilab and Rozanama Rashtriya Sahara etc. Some of Them also have their Local Offices in City. All major Indian news channels and newspapers have correspondents in Bahraich.

Radio[edit]

Bahraich has an All India Radio Relay station known as Akashvani Bahraich. It broadcasts on FM frequencies @ 100.1 .

Tourist spots[edit]

  • Siddhnath Temple
  • Shravasti-45 km from city center
  • Ghantaghar (Clock Tower Of Bahraich)
  • Gurudwara
  • Risiya Park
  • Katarniya Ghat
  • Marimata Temple
  • Mata Singharni Devi Temple
  • Maharaj Suheldev Temple & Lake

Shravasti[edit]

Roughly 50 km from Bahraich, there are remains of an ancient Buddhist monastery. This place is known as Shravasti and it is one of the most popular destinations around Bahraich. It is a holy place for Buddhists and Jains, where Lord Buddha spent twenty four years of his life preaching Buddhism. Shravasti is visited by tourists from Korea, Japan, Sri Lanka & China.

Katarniya Ghat Wildlife Reserve[edit]

Katarniaghat

Bahraich hosts the biggest wildlife reserve of the state of Uttar Pradesh - Katarniya ghat wildlife reserve.[citation needed] It is located at the distance of about 86 km by road & 105 km by rail from Bahraich city, the district headquarters of the Bahraich District, U.P., India, about 7 km from Nepal Border, Lucknow 205 km, nearest market Bichhia Bazaar is 6 km.

Animals[edit]

Tiger, Leopard, Swamp Deer, Chital, Kankar, Flying Squirrel, Blue Bull (Bison), Sambhar, Black Buck, Barking Deer, Wild Boar, Jackal, Bear, Deer, Rhinoceros, Elephant, Four Horned Antelope, Indian Gazelle, Peafowl. A new release on the tiger population in 2011 revealed that the number of tigers in the sanctuary and surrounding areas (Indo-Nepal) is rising.[citation needed]

Literature[edit]

Book - Suheldev & The Battle of Bahraich by Amish Tripathi, traces the story of Raja Suheldev, a legendary but forgotten hero and an unforgettable battle which kept the Turks at bay for almost 170 years. [5]

References[edit]

External links[edit]