The Bahraini passport is issued to citizens of Bahrain for international travel. They are made available through the General Directorate of Nationality, Passports & Residence. This institution, one of the earliest of its kind in the region, first issued passports in 1929. It was criticized in 1996 by journalist Robert Fisk for its refusal to renew the passports of some Bahraini nationals, thus imposing an effective exile on these individuals.
3 Russia is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia. The vast majority of its population (80%) lives in European Russia, therefore Russia as a whole is included as a European country here.
4 Turkey is a transcontinental country in the Middle East and Southeast Europe. Turkey has a small part of its territory (3%) in Southeast Europe called Turkish Thrace.