Bahuaja-Sonene National Park
|Bahuaja-Sonene National Park|
|Parque Nacional Bahuaja-Sonene|
Madre de Dios Region, Tambopata Province (30%); Puno Region, Sandia and Carabaya Provinces (70%)
|Nearest city||Puerto Maldonado|
|Area||1,091,416 hectares (4,213.98 sq mi)|
|Established||July 17, 1996 (by 012-96-AG)|
The Bahuaja-Sonene National Park (Spanish: Parque Nacional Bahuaja-Sonene) is located in south-eastern Peru. It contains the tropical forests and tropical foothills of Puno, dwarf forests, and the Heath Pampas. It was created in July 1996 out of the Tambopata-Candamo Reserved Zone and expanded on Sept. 5, 2000.
The park is surrounded by the Heath, Inambari and Madre de Dios rivers, while several rivers including the Tambopata, la Torre, and Candamo flow through the park. It is bordered by Bolivia to the east near the Madidi National Park and the Tambopata National Reserve to the north.
The park contains some 20,000 plant species, at least 600 bird species, and 174 species of mammals, 100 reptiles and amphibians, 232 fish and 1,300 butterfly. Rare species include the giant otter, spectacled bear, black caiman, marsh deer, and the maned wolf.
The park is rich in natural resources including timber, gold, rubber, and wild game. The Candamo deposit (Block 78), which contains 3 trillion cubic feet (85 km3) of natural gas and 120 million of barrels of natural gas condensates, was formerly owned by Mobil and now lies partly within the reserve. Legislation proposed in 2007 to remove the block from the reserve was turned down.
The park is largely tropical and subtropical, with sub-level to high-level humidity. The average annual temperature is 26 °C (79 °F). The rainy season is between December and March. Average annual rainfall is 1,600 millimetres (63 in) to 2,400 millimetres (94 in).
- Olson, D. M; E. Dinerstein; et al. (2001). "Terrestrial Ecoregions of the World: A New Map of Life on Earth". BioScience. 51 (11): 933–938. doi:10.1641/0006-3568(2001)051[0933:TEOTWA]2.0.CO;2. Archived from the original on 2011-10-14.
- SERNANP info page about Parque Nacional Bahuaja Sonene Archived 2012-06-26 at the Wayback Machine. (in Spanish)
- Kuramoto, Juana. The Hydrocarbons Industry in Peru. Instituto de Estudios Superiores de Administración.
- Thomsen, JB.;Mitchell, C.;Piland, R.; Donnaway, JR. Monitoring impact of hydrocarbon exploration in sensitive terrestrial ecosystems: perspectives from Block 78 in Peru. In: Bowles IA, Prickett GT., editors. Footprints in the jungle. New York: Oxford University Press; 2001. p. 332.