Bahujan Samaj Party

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For the Nepalese party, see Bahujan Samaj Party, Nepal.
Bahujan Samaj Party
बहुजन समाज पार्टी
Abbreviation BSP
Leader Mayawati
President Mayawati[1]
Founder Kanshi Ram
Preceded by DSSSS
Headquarters 12, Gurudwara Rakabganj Road, New Delhi, India-110001
Ideology Human rights
Social equality[2]
Secularism
Social justice[3]
Self respect[4]
Political position Centre-left
Colours      Blue
ECI Status National Party
Seats in Lok Sabha
0 / 545
Seats in Rajya Sabha
6 / 245
Website
www.bspindia.org

The Bahujan Samaj Party (BSP) is a national political party in India. It was formed mainly to represent Bahujans (literally meaning "People in majority"), referring to people from the Scheduled Castes, Scheduled Tribes and Other Backward Castes (OBC), as well as minorities.

The party claims to be inspired by the philosophy of B. R. Ambedkar, Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, Periyar E. V. Ramasamy and Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj.[citation needed] It was founded by Kanshi Ram in 1984, who named his protégée Mayawati as his successor in 2001.

The BSP was the third most voted-for party in the 2014 general election but still failed to win any seats in the 16th Lok Sabha.[5] The BSP has its main base in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It has an elephant as its election symbol.

History[edit]

Strategy[edit]

The Bahujan Samaj Party was founded on 14 April 1984[citation needed] by Kanshi Ram, who named former schoolteacher Mayawati as his successor in 2001.[6]

Speaking of lesser-known figures from the Indian Rebellion of 1857 who have been used as Dalit icons by the BSP, such as Chetram Jatav, the social scientist Badri Narayan Tiwari has noted that

Dalit intellectuals supported by BSP, which is trying to mobilise grassroot Dalits using local heroes, histories, myths and legends found a wealth of resources in the oral history of the regions of [Uttar Pradesh] centering around the 1857 rebellion. The political strategy of the party is to tell and retell the stories of these heroes, build memorials and organize celebrations around their stories repeatedly to build a collective memory in the psyche of the people. The stories are narrated in such a manner that the Dalits imagine the story of the making of this nation in which they played a significant role.[7]

Development[edit]

The party's power grew quickly with seats in the Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh and the Lok Sabha, the lower house of the Parliament of India. In 1993, following the assembly elections, Mayawati formed a coalition with Samajwadi Party President Mulayam Singh Yadav as Chief Minister. On 2 June 1995, she withdrew support from his government, which led to a major incident where Yadav was accused of sending his goons to keep her party legislators hostage at a Lucknow guest house and shout casteist abuses at her.[8] Since this event, they have regarded each other publicly as chief rivals.[citation needed]

Mayawati then obtained support from the Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) to become Chief Minister on 3 June 1995. In October 1995, the BJP withdrew their support and fresh elections were called after a period of President's Rule. In 2003, Mayawati resigned from her own government to prove that she was not "hungry for power"[9] and asked the BJP-run Government of India to remove Union Tourism and Culture Minister, Jagmohan.[10] In 2007, she began leading a BSP-formed government with an absolute majority for a full five-year term.[11]

Bahujan Samaj Party claims to represent the low and lowly. A man carrying the BSP flag.

The results of the May 2007 Uttar Pradesh state assembly election saw the BSP emerge as a sole majority party, the first to do so since 1991. Mayawati began her fourth term as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and took her oath of office along with 50 ministers of cabinet and state rank on 13 May 2007, at Rajbhawan in the state capital of Lucknow.[12] Most importantly, the majority achieved in large part was due to the party's ability to take away majority of upper castes votes from their traditional party, the BJP.[citation needed]

Flags of "Bahujan Samaj Party" at Shivaji Park.

The party could manage only 80 seats in 2012 as against 206 in 2007 assembly elections. BSP government was the first in the history of Uttar Pradesh to complete its full five-year term.[13] On 11 July 2012, the party in a major revamp, replaced Swami Prasad Maurya by Ram Achal Rajbhar as President of UP Unit.[14]

The 2014 national Lok Sabha elections saw the BSP become the third-largest national party of India in terms of vote percentage, having 4.2% of the vote across the country but gaining no seats.[15]

Secret successor of Mayawati[edit]

On 9 August 2009, Mayawati declared that she had chosen a successor from the Dalit community who is 18–20 years her junior. She has penned down his name in a sealed packet left in the safe custody of two of her close confidantes. The name of the successor will be disclosed on her death.[16]

Election results[edit]

Lok Sabha (Lower House)[edit]

Lok Sabha Term Indian
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
State (seats)
9th Lok Sabha 1989 245 4 2.07 4.53 Punjab (1)
Uttar Pradesh (3)[17]
10th Lok Sabha 1991 231 3 1.61 3.64 Madhya_Pradesh(1)
Punjab (1)
Uttar Pradesh (1)[18]
11th Lok Sabha 1996 210 11 4.02 11.21 Madhya Pradesh(2)
Punjab (3)
Uttar Pradesh (6)
12th Lok Sabha 1998 251 5 4.67 9.84 Haryana (1)
Uttar Pradesh (4)
13th Lok Sabha 1999 225 14 4.16 9.97 Uttar Pradesh (14)
14th Lok Sabha 2004 435 19 5.33 6.66 Uttar Pradesh (19)
15th Lok Sabha 2009 500 21 6.17 6.56 Madhya Pradesh(1)
Uttar Pradesh (20)
16th Lok Sabha 2014 503 0 4.3 NA

Uttar Pradesh Vidhan Sabha (Lower House)[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term UP
elections
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
12th Vidhan Sabha 1993 164 67 11.12 28.52
13th Vidhan Sabha 1996 296 67 19.64 27.73
14th Vidhan Sabha 2002 401 98 23.06 23.19
15th Vidhan Sabha 2007 403 206 30.43 30.43
16th Vidhan Sabha 2012 403 80 25.95 25.95

Other states where BSP has a presence[edit]

As of June 2016, states with BSP presence are shown in blue shades as in accordance to which seats in assemblies varies.

Bihar Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Bihar
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
10th Vidhan Sabha 1990 164 0 0.73 1.41
11th Vidhan Sabha 1995 161 2 1.34 2.66
12th Vidhan Sabha 2000 249 5 1.89 2.47
13th Vidhan Sabha Feb. 2005 238 2 4.41 4.50
14th Vidhan Sabha Oct. 2005 212 4 4.17 4.75
15th Vidhan Sabha 2010 243 0 3.21 3.27
16th Vidhan Sabha 2015 243 0 2.1 2.1[19]

Chhattisgarh Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Chhattisgarh
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
2nd Vidhan Sabha 2003 54 2 4.45 9.4
3rd Vidhan Sabha 2008 90 2 6.11 6.11
4th Vidhan Sabha 2013 90 1 4.27 4.29

Delhi Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Delhi
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
1st Vidhan Sabha 1993 55 0 1.88 2.42
2nd Vidhan Sabha 1998 58 0 3.09 3.63
3rd Vidhan Sabha 2003 40 0 5.76 8.96
4th Vidhan Sabha 2008 69 2 14.05 14.05
5th Vidhan Sabha 2013 69 0 5.33 5.44
6th Vidhan Sabha 2015 70 0 1.3 1.3

Haryana Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Haryana
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
8th Vidhan Sabha 1991 26 1 2.32 7.67
9th Vidhan Sabha 1996 67 0 5.44 7.2
10th Vidhan Sabha 2000 83 1 5.74 6.22
11th Vidhan Sabha 2005 84 1 3.22 3.44
12th Vidhan Sabha 2009 86 1 6.73 7.05
13th Vidhan Sabha 2014 87 1[20] 4.37[21] 4.52

Himachal Pradesh Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Himachal Pradesh
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
7th Vidhan Sabha 1990 35 0 0.94 1.76
8th Vidhan Sabha 1993 49 0 2.25 3.0
9th Vidhan Sabha 1998 28 0 1.41 3.28
10th Vidhan Sabha 2003 23 0 0.7 2.02
11th Vidhan Sabha 2007 67 1 7.40 7.37
12th Vidhan Sabha 2012 67 0 1.7 2.02

Jammu and Kashmir Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Jammu and Kashmir
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
9th Vidhan Sabha 1996 29 4 6.43 15.07[22]
10th Vidhan Sabha 2002 33 1 4.50 7.86[23]
11th Vidhan Sabha 2008 83 0 3.73 3.73[24]
12th Vidhan Sabha 2014 50 0 1.41 2.07[25]

Jharkhand Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Jharkhand
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
3rd Vidhan Sabha 2009 78 0 2.44 2.55[26]
4th Vidhan Sabha 2014 41[27] 1[28] 1.4 1.8

Madhya Pradesh Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Madhya Pradesh
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
9th Vidhan Sabha 1990 183 2 3.54 5.89
10th Vidhan Sabha 1993 286 2 7.05 7.86
11th Vidhan Sabha 1998 170 11 6.15 11.39
12th Vidhan Sabha 2003 157 2 7.26 10.62
13th Vidhan Sabha 2008 230 7 8.97 9.29
14th Vidhan sabha 2013 227 4 6.29 6.42

Maharashtra Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Maharashtra
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
8th Vidhan Sabha 1990 122 0 0.42 0.98
9th Vidhan Sabha 1995 145 0 1.49 2.82
10th Vidhan Sabha 1999 83 0 0.39 1.24
11th Vidhan Sabha 2004 272 0 4.0 4.18
12th Vidhan Sabha 2009 287 0 2.35 2.42
13th Vidhan Sabha 2014 260[29] 0 2.3[30]

Punjab Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Punjab
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
10th Vidhan Sabha 1992 105 9 16.32 17.59
11th Vidhan Sabha 1997 67 1 7.48 13.28
12th Vidhan Sabha 2002 100 0 5.69 6.61
13th Vidhan Sabha 2007 115 0 4.13 4.17
14th Vidhan Sabha 2012 117 0 4.28 4.28

Rajasthan Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Rajasthan
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
9th Vidhan Sabha 1990 205 0 0.79 2.54
10th Vidhan Sabha 1993 50 0 0.56 2.01
11th Vidhan Sabha 1998 108 2 2.17 3.81
12th Vidhan Sabha 2003 124 2 3.97 6.40
13th Vidhan Sabha 2008 199 6 7.60 7.66
14th Vidhan Sabha 2013 199 3 3.37 3.48

Uttarakhand Vidhan Sabha[edit]

Vidhan Sabha Term Uttarakhand
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
 % of
votes
 % of votes in
seats contested
1st Vidhan Sabha 2002 68 7 10.93 11.20
2nd Vidhan Sabha 2007 69 8 11.76 11.76
3rd Vidhan Sabha 2012 70 3 12.19 12.19
Vidhan Sabha Term Kerala
General Election
Seats
contested
Seats
won
Total of
votes
 % of
votes
13th Vidhan Sabha 2011 122 0 104977 0.60
14th Vidhan Sabha 2016

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ PTI (30 August 2014). "Mayawati elected BSP president for another term". livemint.com. Retrieved 2016-06-04. 
  2. ^ "'BSP stands for social equality'". Deccan Herald. 11 February 2008. Retrieved 2016-03-13. 
  3. ^ "Cong damaged cause of social justice: Mayawati". Hindustan Times. 10 April 2009. Retrieved 2016-06-04. 
  4. ^ "Ms. Mayawati said she would devote her life for the self-respect movement.". The Hindu. 
  5. ^ "Lok Sabha polls: Parties corner vote share, but fail to win seats". ZeeNews. 
  6. ^ Pradhan, Sharat (15 December 2001). "Kanshi Ram declares Mayawati as his successor". Rediff News. 
  7. ^ Tiwari, Badri Narayan (2007). "Identity and Narratives: Dalits and memories of 1857" (PDF). University of Edinburgh: Mutiny at the Margins Conference: 13, 27, 33. 
  8. ^ "Report indicting Mulayam Singh Yadav comes handy for BJP". India Today. 15 August 1996. Retrieved 2016-05-12. 
  9. ^ "Uttar Pradesh chief quits". BBC News. 26 August 2003. Retrieved 2016-03-25. 
  10. ^ "Mayawati offers to resign". The Times of India. 25 August 2003. Retrieved 2016-03-25. 
  11. ^ "Mayawati rules Uttar Pradesh". India Today. 21 May 2007. Retrieved 2016-03-25. 
  12. ^ "Mayawati takes oath as UP CM". NDTV. 
  13. ^ http://eciresults.nic.in/PartyWiseResult.htm
  14. ^ "BSP replaces U.P. chief". The Hindu. Chennai, India. 12 July 2012. 
  15. ^ "BSP gets third-largest vote share, but no seat". Business Standard. 
  16. ^ "Mayawati talks of a secret successor : India". Nerve.in. Retrieved 2012-07-12. 
  17. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha". IIS Windows Server. 2 May 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-02. 
  18. ^ "Members : Lok Sabha". IIS Windows Server (in Javanese). 2 May 2016. Retrieved 2016-05-02. 
  19. ^ "Bihar polls: In NDA vs Grand Alliance fight, BSP fails to make mark". 
  20. ^ "Tek Chand Sharma won the lone seat for the party from the Prithla seat in Faridabad by a margin of 1,179 votes". Hindustan Times. 
  21. ^ "ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA GENERAL\BYE ELECTION TO LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES TRENDS & RESULT 2014". 
  22. ^ "1996 - Election Commission of India" (PDF). 
  23. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL ELECTION, 2002" (PDF). 
  24. ^ "BSP have failed to make a mark". Hindustan Times. 
  25. ^ "STATISTICAL REPORT ON GENERAL LECTION,2014 TO THE LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLY OF Jammu & Kashmir" (PDF). 
  26. ^ "2009 - Election Commission of India" (PDF). 
  27. ^ "41 in Jharkhand". 
  28. ^ "Bahujan Samaj Party makes debut with 1/81 score". Indian Express. 
  29. ^ "BSP had contested on 260 seats in Maharashtra.". Daily Bhaskar. 
  30. ^ "ELECTION COMMISSION OF INDIA GENERAL\BYE ELECTION TO LEGISLATIVE ASSEMBLIES TRENDS & RESULT 2014". 

External links[edit]