|32,26,903 (12.2% of Nepal's population) |
|Regions with significant populations|
|Related ethnic groups|
|Khas people, Chhetri, Kumaoni people, Garhwali people|
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Bahun (Nepali: बाहुन) is a local term for the Nepali-speaking Brahmins of Nepal. They belong to ethics Paharis in Nepal and Indian Gorkhas in India. According to 2011 Nepal census, Bahun stands as second largest group in Nepal with 12.2% of Nepal's population (or 32,26,903 peoples).
Bahun are divided into two groups: Purbiya and Kumai on the basis of origin. Bahuns originated from Karnali region of Nepal are Purbiya Bahuns whereas Kumai are Kumaon origin Bahun. Khas Brahmins are only known as Bahuns which means Pahadi/Parvate Brahmins.
Bahuns are further sub divided into two categories: Upadhyaya and Jaisi on the basis of allowance of ritual conduct. Upadhyaya Bahuns are considered high rank ritual performing Bahuns whereas Jaisi Bahuns are somewhat degraded to non-practising Bahuns.
Traditionally, Bahuns (called "Khas Brahmins") were member of Khas community together with "Khas Rajputs" (also called Chhetri). Possibly due to political power of the Khasa Malla kingdom, Khas Bahun and Khas Rajput had high social status as immigrant plain Brahmins and Rajputs in the present-day western Nepal.
- Dor Bahadur Bista (1991). Fatalism and Development: Nepal's Struggle for Modernization. Orient Blackswan. ISBN 978-81-250-0188-1.
- John T Hitchcock (1978). "An Additional Perspective on the Nepali Caste System". In James F. Fisher. Himalayan Anthropology: The Indo-Tibetan Interface. Walter de Gruyter. ISBN 978-90-279-7700-7.
- Richard Burghart (1984). "The Formation of the Concept of Nation-State in Nepal". The Journal of Asian Studies. 44 (1): 101–125.