From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Total population
32,26,903 (12.2% of Nepal's population) [1]
Regions with significant populations
Nepali language
Related ethnic groups
Khas people, Chhetri, Kumaoni people, Garhwali people
Brahmin with Nepali Dhaka topi worn at Kathmandu

Bahun (Nepali: बाहुन) is a local term for the Nepali-speaking Brahmins​ of Nepal. They belong to ethics Paharis in Nepal and Indian Gorkhas in India. According to 2011 Nepal census, Bahun stands as second largest group in Nepal with 12.2% of Nepal's population (or 32,26,903 peoples).[1]

Bahun are divided into two groups: Purbiya and Kumai on the basis of origin. Bahuns originated from Karnali region of Nepal are Purbiya Bahuns whereas Kumai are Kumaon origin Bahun. Khas Brahmins are only known as Bahuns which means Pahadi/Parvate Brahmins.[citation needed]

Bahuns are further sub divided into two categories: Upadhyaya and Jaisi on the basis of allowance of ritual conduct. Upadhyaya Bahuns are considered high rank ritual performing Bahuns whereas Jaisi Bahuns are somewhat degraded to non-practising Bahuns.[citation needed]


Selected ethnic groups of Nepal; Bahun are members of the wider Pahari (or Khas) community (yellow).

Traditionally, Bahuns (called "Khas Brahmins") were member of Khas community together with "Khas Rajputs" (also called Chhetri).[2] Possibly due to political power of the Khasa Malla kingdom, Khas Bahun and Khas Rajput had high social status as immigrant plain Brahmins and Rajputs in the present-day western Nepal.[2]


  1. ^ a b "Nepal Census 2011" (PDF). 
  2. ^ a b John T Hitchcock 1978, pp. 116-119.