Baigts-de-Béarn

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Baigts-de-Béarn
Commune
Baigts-de-Béarn is located in France
Baigts-de-Béarn
Baigts-de-Béarn
Coordinates: 43°30′46″N 0°50′14″W / 43.5128°N 0.8372°W / 43.5128; -0.8372Coordinates: 43°30′46″N 0°50′14″W / 43.5128°N 0.8372°W / 43.5128; -0.8372
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Pyrénées-Atlantiques
Arrondissement Pau
Canton Orthez
Intercommunality Lacq-Orthez
Government
 • Mayor (2014–2020) Guy Pemartin
Area1 13.53 km2 (5.22 sq mi)
Population (2010)2 811
 • Density 60/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
INSEE/Postal code 64087 /64300
Elevation 28–167 m (92–548 ft)
(avg. 111 m or 364 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Baigts-de-Béarn is a French commune in the Pyrénées-Atlantiques department in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine region of south-western France.

The inhabitants of the commune are known as Batchois or Batchoises.[1]

Geography[edit]

Baigts-de-Béarn is located some 6 km north-west of Orthez and 23 km east of Peyrehorade. The western part of the northern border of the commune is also the departmental border between Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Landes. Access to the commune is by road D817 from Puyoô in the west which passes through the south of the commune and the village and continues south-east to Orthez. The D415 (the old Route Imperiale) branches from the D817 west of the commune and passes through the village before continuing east to Orthez. The D315 goes north from the village then east to Saint-Boès. The D915 goes north from the D315 to Saint-Girons-en-Béarn. The A64 autoroute passes through the southern tip of the commune but there is no exit with the nearest exit being Exit Sinnbild Autobahnausfahrt.svg 7  some 3 km west of the commune. The commune is mostly farmland with scattered forests.[2]

The Gave de Pau forms the southern border of the commune as it flows west to join the Gave d'Oloron at Peyrehorade. Numerous streams rise in the commune and flow south to join the Gave de Pau including the Ruisseau de Montlong. The Ruisseau de Lataillade forms the northern border of the commune as it flows west and forms part of the departmental border with Landes before joining the Gave de Pau west of Puyoô. The Arriou de Bardj rises in the north of the commune and flows west then south to join the Gave de Pau east of Ramous.

Places and hamlets[edit]

  • Arritor
  • Balagué
  • Barroumères
  • Bassot
  • Bellevue (château)
  • Bergeras
  • Bernet
  • Bizens
  • Bordenave
  • Bourdieu
  • Brana
  • Brau[3]
  • Capdebielle
  • Cassecour
  • Castéra
  • Castillon[3]
  • Caubraque
  • Caupet
  • Cossou
  • Cuyoula
  • Domblides
  • Fayet
  • Gassiou
  • Gayou
  • Les Glycines
  • Grihou
  • Hau
  • Hourquebie
  • Hourquérou
  • Hourquet
  • Hours
  • Labasse[3]
  • Labiste
  • Laborde
  • Laboudigue
  • Lacabanne
  • Lacarrère
  • Lacrouts
  • Lagouarde
  • Lagourque
  • Lahéouguère
  • Lalanne
  • Lanuque
  • Latéoulère
  • Laulhé
  • Loustaunau
  • Luns
  • Martimour
  • Mongay
  • Mousquès
  • Panaut
  • Parrabéou
  • Pédeboscq
  • Petit
  • Peyrou
  • Pierroulin
  • Pitche
  • Planté
  • Pommes
  • Poublan
  • Pourret
  • Régis
  • Rey
  • Riche
  • Saint-Laurent
  • Sére
  • Temple
  • Tilhète
  • Toucayré
  • Touriangle (château)

Neighbouring communes and villages[edit]

Toponymy[edit]

The commune name in béarnais is Vaths de Bearn.

The name Baigts means "valley" in Gascon but, according to Michel Grosclaude[4] that meaning is to be avoided. According to him Baigts comes from the Gascon vaths which is derived from vallis meaning "hollow" or "depression" or from vallum meaning "palisade" or "entrenchment". In the old village there is a Rue de l'Embarrat meaning "fortified redoubt".

The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.

Name Spelling Date Source Page Origin Description
Baigts Baigs 13th century Raymond
19
Fors de Béarn Village
Baigx 1318 Raymond
19
Béarn
Bags 1343 Raymond
19
Béarn
Bachs 1505 Raymond
19
Garos
Batz 1540 Raymond
19
Reformation
Vagtz 1548 Raymond
19
Reformation
Baitz 1582 Raymond
19
Alienations
Baigts 1750 Cassini
Baziart Bessiart 1540 Raymond
25
Reformation Farm
Brau Lo Brau 1540 Raymond
36
Reformation Farm
Braü 1863 Raymond
36
Castillon Castelhoo-Susoo 1385 Raymond
46
Census Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn
Castilhon 1682 Raymond
46
Reformation
Labasse La Basse 1540 Raymond
87
Reformation Farm
Lacoumayou Cau-Mayor 1385 Raymond
89
Census Farm
La Caumayo 1540 Raymond Reformation
Le Petit-Hameau Le Petit-Hameau 1863 Raymond
75
Hamlet
Portes Portes 1385 Raymond
138
Census Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and dependent on the bailiwick of Rivière-Gave
Portas de Bags 1538 Raymond
138
Reformation
Turon de Castéra Le Touron de Castéra 1675 Raymond
169
Reformation Moor

Sources:

Origins:

History[edit]

Paul Raymond noted on page 19 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune depended on the Diocese of Dax and was the capital of the Notary of Rivière-Gave, the name of an arch-priesthood of the diocese of Dax which gave its name to the Gave de Pau. In 1385 the commune had 59 fires.[3]

Administration[edit]

List of Successive Mayors[12]

From To Name Party Position
1995 2014 Christian Palette
2014 2020 Guy Pemartin

(Not all data is known)

Inter-communality[edit]

The commune is part of three inter-communal structures:

  • the Community of communes of Lacq-Orthez;
  • the water and sanitation association of Trois Cantons;
  • the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;

Demography[edit]

In 2010 the commune had 811 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]

Population Change (See database)
1793 1800 1806 1821 1831 1836 1841 1846 1851
935 934 995 1,033 995 980 1,000 1,028 1,003
1856 1861 1866 1872 1876 1881 1886 1891 1896
1,010 1,001 1,003 905 893 913 913 866 830
1901 1906 1911 1921 1926 1931 1936 1946 1954
849 848 806 743 735 690 641 623 576
1962 1968 1975 1982 1990 1999 2006 2010 -
633 621 677 744 777 739 773 811 -

Sources : Ldh/EHESS/Cassini until 1962, INSEE database from 1968 (population without double counting and municipal population from 2006)


Population of Baigts-de-Béarn

Economy[edit]

In addition to an economy focused on agriculture (livestock and corn), the commune has a hydroelectric plant.

The commune is part of the appellation d'origine contrôlée (AOC) zone of Béarn.

Culture and heritage[edit]

Civil heritage[edit]

  • The Chateau of Bellevue is a nursing hoem for disabled workers.

Religious heritage[edit]

  • The Parish Church of Saint Vincent and Saint Bartholomew (17th century)Logo monument historique - rouge sans texte.svg is registered as an historical monument.[13]

Facilities[edit]

The commune has a primary school.

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  2. ^ Google Maps
  3. ^ a b c d e Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (French)
  4. ^ Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (French)
  5. ^ Cassini Map 1750 – Baigts-de-Béarn
  6. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  7. ^ Titles of the Viscounts of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  8. ^ Notaries of Garos in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  9. ^ Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  10. ^ Registers of alienations from the old Imperial Library in the Bibliothèque nationale de France (French)
  11. ^ Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (French)
  12. ^ List of Mayors of France (French)
  13. ^ Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000622 Parish Church of Saint Vincent and Saint Bartholomew (French)

External links[edit]