|Canton||Orthez et Terres des Gaves et du Sel|
|• Mayor (2014–2020)||Guy Pemartin|
|13.53 km2 (5.22 sq mi)|
|• Density||67/km2 (170/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Elevation||28–167 m (92–548 ft) |
(avg. 111 m or 364 ft)
|1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.|
The inhabitants of the commune are known as Batchois or Batchoises.
Baigts-de-Béarn is located some 6 km north-west of Orthez and 23 km east of Peyrehorade. The western part of the northern border of the commune is also the departmental border between Pyrénées-Atlantiques and Landes. Access to the commune is by road D817 from Puyoô in the west which passes through the south of the commune and the village and continues south-east to Orthez. The D415 (the old Route Imperiale) branches from the D817 west of the commune and passes through the village before continuing east to Orthez. The D315 goes north from the village then east to Saint-Boès. The D915 goes north from the D315 to Saint-Girons-en-Béarn. The A64 autoroute passes through the southern tip of the commune but there is no exit with the nearest exit being Exit 7 some 3 km west of the commune. The commune is mostly farmland with scattered forests.
The Gave de Pau forms the southern border of the commune as it flows west to join the Gave d'Oloron at Peyrehorade. Numerous streams rise in the commune and flow south to join the Gave de Pau including the Ruisseau de Montlong. The Ruisseau de Lataillade forms the northern border of the commune as it flows west and forms part of the departmental border with Landes before joining the Gave de Pau west of Puyoô. The Arriou de Bardj rises in the north of the commune and flows west then south to join the Gave de Pau east of Ramous.
Places and hamlets
- Bellevue (château)
- Les Glycines
- Touriangle (château)
Neighbouring communes and villages
The commune name in béarnais is Vaths de Bearn.
The name Baigts means "valley" in Gascon but, according to Michel Grosclaude that meaning is to be avoided. According to him Baigts comes from the Gascon vaths which is derived from vallis meaning "hollow" or "depression" or from vallum meaning "palisade" or "entrenchment". In the old village there is a Rue de l'Embarrat meaning "fortified redoubt".
The following table details the origins of the commune name and other names in the commune.
|Baigts||Baigs||13th century||Raymond||Fors de Béarn||Village|
|Castillon||Castelhoo-Susoo||1385||Raymond||Census||Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn|
|Le Petit-Hameau||Le Petit-Hameau||1863||Raymond||Hamlet|
|Portes||Portes||1385||Raymond||Census||Fief, vassal of the Viscounts of Béarn and dependent on the bailiwick of Rivière-Gave|
|Portas de Bags||1538||Raymond||Reformation|
|Turon de Castéra||Le Touron de Castéra||1675||Raymond||Reformation||Moor|
- Raymond: Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, 1863, on the page numbers indicated in the table. (in French)
- Cassini: Cassini Map from 1750
- Fors de Béarn
- Béarn: Titles of Béarn,
- Garos: Notaries of Garos
- Reformation: Reformation of Béarn
- Alienations: Alienations of the Diocese of Dax
- Census: Census of Béarn
Paul Raymond noted on page 19 of his 1863 dictionary that the commune depended on the Diocese of Dax and was the capital of the Notary of Rivière-Gave, the name of an arch-priesthood of the diocese of Dax which gave its name to the Gave de Pau. In 1385 the commune had 59 fires.
(Not all data is known)
The commune is part of three inter-communal structures:
- the Community of communes of Lacq-Orthez;
- the water and sanitation association of Trois Cantons;
- the Energy association of Pyrénées-Atlantiques;
In 2010 the commune had 811 inhabitants. The evolution of the number of inhabitants is known from the population censuses conducted in the commune since 1793. From the 21st century, a census of communes with fewer than 10,000 inhabitants is held every five years, unlike larger communes that have a sample survey every year.[Note 1]
In addition to an economy focused on agriculture (livestock and corn), the commune has a hydroelectric plant.
Culture and heritage
- The Chateau of Bellevue is a nursing hoem for disabled workers.
- The Parish Church of Saint Vincent and Saint Bartholomew (17th century) is registered as an historical monument.
The commune has a primary school.
- At the beginning of the 21st century, the methods of identification have been modified by Law No. 2002-276 of 27 February 2002 Archived 6 March 2016 at the Wayback Machine, the so-called "law of local democracy" and in particular Title V "census operations" allows, after a transitional period running from 2004 to 2008, the annual publication of the legal population of the different French administrative districts. For communes with a population greater than 10,000 inhabitants, a sample survey is conducted annually, the entire territory of these communes is taken into account at the end of the period of five years. The first "legal population" after 1999 under this new law came into force on 1 January 2009 and was based on the census of 2006.
- "Populations légales 2016". INSEE. Retrieved 25 April 2019.
- Inhabitants of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Google Maps
- Topographic Dictionary of the Department of Basses-Pyrenees, Paul Raymond, Imprimerie nationale, 1863, Digitised from Lyon Public Library 15 June 2011 (in French)
- Michel Grosclaude, Toponymic Dictionary of communes, Béarn, Edicions reclams & Édition Cairn - 2006, 416 pages, ISBN 2 35068 005 3 (in French)
- Cassini Map 1750 – Baigts-de-Béarn
- Manuscript from the 14th century in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Titles of the Viscounts of Béarn in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Notaries of Garos in the Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Manuscript from the 16th to 18th centuries - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- Registers of alienations from the old Imperial Library in the Bibliothèque nationale de France (in French)
- Manuscript from the 14th century - Departmental Archives of Pyrénées-Atlantiques (in French)
- List of Mayors of France (in French)
- Ministry of Culture, Mérimée IA64000622 Parish Church of Saint Vincent and Saint Bartholomew (in French)
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Baigts-de-Béarn.|