Baijnath Temple

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Baijnath Temple(बैजनाथ मंदिर)
Shiva temple baijnath HP.jpg
Baijnath Temple is located in Himachal Pradesh
Baijnath Temple
Location in Himachal Pradesh
Geography
Coordinates32°03′00″N 76°41′00″E / 32.05000°N 76.68333°E / 32.05000; 76.68333Coordinates: 32°03′00″N 76°41′00″E / 32.05000°N 76.68333°E / 32.05000; 76.68333
CountryIndia
StateHimachal Pradesh
DistrictKangra
Culture
SanctumLord Shiva as Vaidyanath
Major festivalsMaha Shivaratri, Makar Sankranti, Vaisakha Sankranti
Architecture
ArchitectureNagara style
History
CreatorAhuka and Manyuka

Baijnath Temple (Devanagari: बैजनाथ मंदिर) is a Nagara style hindu temple situated in a small town of Baijnath located in Kangra District, Himachal Pradesh, India, and was construction in 1204 A.D. by two local merchants named Ahuka and Manyuka. It is dedicated to Lord Shiva as Vaidyanath (Devanagari: वैद्यनाथ), ‘the Lord of physicians’[1]. According to the inscriptions on the present day Baijnath temple structure, a temple of Lord Shiva had existed before construction of present day structure. The inner sanctum houses a Shiva lingam. Further images are carved in the walls and in niches on the exterior.[2]

Archaeology[edit]

Two long inscriptions are engraved on stone slabs in the main hall. These inscriptions are in Sanskrit written using Sharada script and local Pahari language in Takri script. These inscriptions provide details about the construction of the temple by the merchants Manyuka and Ahuka in Indian national calendar (Saka) year 1126 which is 1204 A.D. These inscriptions besides praising Lord Shiva, name the current ruler king Jaya Chandra, list of the names of the architects and the names of donor merchants. Another inscription names Kangra district's old name i.e. Nagarakot, district in which the temple is built.[3]

Sculptures[edit]

Numerous idols are carved on the walls of the temple. Some of them dating prior to the present temple was built. Idols include: Lord Ganesha, Lord Harihara (Half Lord Vishnu and Half Lord Shiva), Kalyanasundara (wedding of the Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati) and defeat of asura Andhaka by Lord Shiva.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kumud, Mohan (27 August 2001). "Cradling beauty". Business Line. Archived from the original on 6 June 2011. Retrieved 6 January 2017.
  2. ^ "baijnath".
  3. ^ "archaeology of temple".
  4. ^ "sculpture".