Baikuntha Shukla

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Baikuntha Shukla (1907–1934) was an Indian nationalist and revolutionary. He was the nephew of Yogendra Shukla, one of the founders of Hindustan Socialist Republican Association (HSRA).

He was hanged for murdering Phanindra Nath Ghosh who had become a government approver which led to hanging of Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev and Rajguru. Baikunth Shukla was also initiated into the freedom struggle at a young age taking active part in the Salt Satyagraha of 1930. He was associated with revolutionary organisations like the Hindustan Seva Dal and HSRA. The execution of Indian revolutionaries Bhagat Singh, Rajguru and Sukhdev in 1931 as a result of their trial in the Lahore conspiracy case was an event that shook the entire country.

Phanindra Nath Ghosh, hitherto a key member of the Revolutionary Party[disambiguation needed] had treacherously betrayed the cause by turning an approver, giving evidence, which led to the execution. Baikunth was commissioned to plan the execution of Ghosh as an act of ideological vendetta which he carried out successfully on 9 November 1932. He was arrested and tried for the killing. Baikunth was convicted and hanged in Gaya Central Jail on 14 May 1934. He was only 28 years old.

Early life[edit]

Baikuntha Shukla was born in 1910 in village Jalalpur in Muzaffarpur District (now Vaishali).[1] He got his elementary education at his village and became a teacher in a lower primary school in village Mathurapur.[1] He took active part in Civil Disobedience Movement in 1930 and was imprisoned in Patna Camp Jail.[1] He was released along with other Satyagrahis after the Gandhi Irwin Pact. Later he came in contact with the members of the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army and became a revolutionary.[1]


  1. ^ a b c d Srivastava, N.M.P. (1988). Struggle for Freedom: Some Great Indian Revolutionaries. K.P.Jayaswal Research Institute, Government of Bihar, Patna. 
  • [1] Official biography given by the Government of India when a stamp was released on him.
  • Nand Kishore Shukla, The Trial of Baikunth Sukul: A Revolutionary Patriot, Har-Anand, 1999, 403 pages, ISBN 81-241-0143-4.