Bailey Aldrich

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Not to be confused with Aldrich Bailey.
Bailey Aldrich
Senior Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
In office
August 31, 1972 – September 25, 2002
Chief Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
In office
1965–1972
Preceded by Peter Woodbury
Succeeded by Frank M. Coffin
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
In office
September 10, 1959 – August 31, 1972
Appointed by Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded by Calvert Magruder
Succeeded by Levin H. Campbell
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts
In office
April 27, 1954 – September 14, 1959
Appointed by Dwight D. Eisenhower
Preceded by New seat
Succeeded by Anthony Julian
Personal details
Born (1907-04-23)April 23, 1907
Boston, Massachusetts
Died September 25, 2002(2002-09-25) (aged 95)
Cambridge, Massachusetts
Alma mater Harvard University A.B.
Harvard Law School LL.B.
Profession Attorney

Bailey Aldrich (April 23, 1907 – September 25, 2002) was a United States federal judge for more than 48 years.

Biography[edit]

A native of Boston, Massachusetts, Aldrich graduated from Harvard College with an Artium Baccalaureus in 1928 and Harvard Law School with a Bachelor of Laws in 1932. He was elected a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1954.[1] After 22 years in private practice in Boston, President Dwight D. Eisenhower nominated Aldrich to serve as a judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts.

According to Ted Morgan in Reds: McCarthyism in Twentieth-Century America, Judge Aldrich drew the ire of Senator Joseph McCarthy in 1955, when Aldrich dismissed contempt of Congress charges against Leon J. Kamin. In February 1956, McCarthy wrote to complain to President Eisenhower, accusing Judge Aldrich of harboring sympathy toward Communists. He had learned from the New Bedford Standard-Times that Aldrich had initially refused, on principle, to sign a non-Communist affidavit card upon his appointment as a trustee to the Massachusetts Memorial Hospital. Massachusetts Governor Christian Herter had nominated him for the trusteeship on August 2, 1955, two months before the Kamin trial. According to Morgan, the judge wrote that he "would rather forgo the post on the hospital board than sign the card." He finally did sign the card on September 13, "after being told that failure to comply would cause great embarrassment to the Herter administration," but McCarthy was not satisfied by the news that Aldrich had eventually complied. President Eisenhower ignored McCarthy's complaint.[2]

In 1959, Eisenhower promoted Aldrich to the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit. Aldrich served as an active judge of the First Circuit from 1959 until 1972, including a term as Chief Judge from 1965 to 1972.

In 1972, Aldrich took senior status but continued to participate in hearing and deciding cases through his death in 2002 at the age of 95.

Judge Aldrich was the grandson of the 19th century author Thomas Bailey Aldrich. He was the father of poet Jonathan Aldrich.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Book of Members, 1780-2010: Chapter A" (PDF). American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Archived (PDF) from the original on 10 May 2011. Retrieved 14 April 2011. 
  2. ^ Morgan, Ted (2003). Reds: McCarthyism in Twentieth-Century America. Random House. p. 507. ISBN 978-0679443995. 

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
new seat
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Massachusetts
1954–1959
Succeeded by
Anthony Julian
Preceded by
Calvert Magruder
Judge of the United States Circuit Court for the First Circuit
1959–1972
Succeeded by
Levin H. Campbell